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Audio » Dictionary » U » Upset Stomach ... Urban Viii


Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does urban center mean? 

  The noun URBAN CENTER has 1 sense:

1. a large and densely populated urban area; may include several independent administrative districts

  Familiarity information: URBAN CENTER used as a noun is very rare.

 Dictionary entry details 


Sense 1urban center [BACK TO TOP]


A large and densely populated urban area; may include several independent administrative districts

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position


city; metropolis; urban center

Context example:

Ancient Troy was a great city

Hypernyms ("urban center" is a kind of...):

municipality (an urban district having corporate status and powers of self-government)

Meronyms (parts of "urban center"):

concrete jungle (an area in a city with large modern buildings that is perceived as dangerous and unpleasant)

central city; city center; city centre (the central part of a city)

financial center (the part of a city where financial institutions are centered)

civic center; down town; municipal center (the center of a city)

inner city (the older and more populated and (usually) poorer central section of a city)

medical center (the part of a city where medical facilities are centered)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "urban center"):

national capital (the capital city of a nation)

provincial capital (the capital city of a province)

state capital (the capital city of a political subdivision of a country)

Instance hyponyms:

San Sebastian (a city in northern Spain on the Bay of Biscay near the French border; a fashionable seaside resort)

Samarcand; Samarkand (city in southern Uzbekistan; Tamerlane's opulent capital in the 14th century)

Alma-Ata; Almaty (the largest city in Kazakhstan and the capital until 1998)

Yalta (a resort city in southern Ukraine on the Black Sea; scene of the Allied conference between Churchill and Stalin and Roosevelt in 1945)

Sebastopol; Sevastopol (a city in southern Ukraine on the Black Sea)

Odesa; Odessa (a port city of south central Ukraine on an arm of the Black Sea)

Kharkiv; Kharkov (a city in northeastern Ukraine; former capital of the Ukraine)

Dnipropetrovsk; Yekaterinoslav (city in east central Ukraine on the Dnieper River; center of metallurgical industry)

Dneprodzerzhinsk (port city and industrial center in east central Ukraine on the Dnieper River)

Barcelona (a city in northeastern Spain on the Mediterranean; 2nd largest Spanish city and the largest port and commercial center; has been a center for radical political beliefs)

Cadiz (an ancient port city in southwestern Spain)

Oviedo (a city in northwestern Spain near the Cantabrian Mountains)

Malaga (a port city and resort in Andalusia in southern Spain on the Mediterranean)

Logrono (a city in northern Spain on the Ebro River)

Leon (a city in northwestern Spain at the foot of the Cantabrian Mountains)

Jerez; Jerez de la Frontera (a city in southwestern Spain that is famous for making sherry)

Granada (a city in southeastern Spain that was the capital of the Moorish kingdom until it was captured by Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492; site of the Alhambra (a palace and fortress built by Moors in the Middle Ages) which is now a major tourist attraction)

Cordoba; Cordova (a city in southern Spain; center of Moorish culture)

Cartagena (a port in southeastern Spain on the Mediterranean)

Chernobyl (a city in north central Ukraine; site of a major disaster at a nuclear power plant (26 April 1986))

Donetsk; Donetske; Stalino (an industrial city in the Donets Basin)

Novosibirsk (a city in the Asian part of Russia on the Ob river; largest city in Siberia)

Stalingrad; Tsaritsyn; Volgograd (a city in the European part of Russia on the Volga; site of German defeat in World War II in the winter of 1942-43)

Ufa (a city in the European part of Russia)

Smolensk (a city in western Russia on the Dnieper River; scene of severe fighting in World War II)

Saratov (an industrial city in the European part of Russia)

Rostov; Rostov na Donu; Rostov on Don (a seaport on the Don River near the Sea of Azov in the European part of Russia)

Molotov; Perm (a city in the European part of Russia)

Novgorod (a city in northwestern Russia on the Volkhov River; Russia's oldest city and an important trading center in the Middle Ages)

Chelyabinsk; Omsk (a city in the Asian part of Russia)

Kaunas; Kovna; Kovno (a city in central Lithuania)

Klaipeda; Memel (a city in western Lithuania on the Baltic Sea; formerly an important trading town of the Hanseatic League)

Daugavpils (a city of southeastern Latvia)

Liepaja (a city of southwestern Latvia on the Baltic Sea)

Tartu (a city of southeastern Estonia that was a member of the Hanseatic League)

Pinsk (a city of southwestern Belarus)

Gomel; Homel; Homyel (industrial city of Belarus southeast of Minsk)

Vladivostok (a seaport in the Asian part of Russia)

Nalchik (a city in southwestern Russia in a valley of the Caucasus Mountains; an industrial center and health resort)

Sevilla; Seville (a city in southwestern Spain; a major port and cultural center; the capital of bullfighting in Spain)

Toledo (a city in central Spain on the Tagus river; famous for steel and swords since the first century)

Pergamum (an ancient Greek city located in the western part of what is now modern Turkey; the technique of preparing sheepskins as parchment was developed here)

Izmir; Smyrna (a port city in western Turkey)

Brusa; Bursa (a city in northwestern Turkey)

Constantinople; Istanbul; Stamboul; Stambul (the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church)

Halicarnassus (an ancient Greek city on the southwestern coast of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the mausoleum at Halicarnassus)

Adalia; Antalya (a port city in southwestern Turkey on the Gulf of Antalya)

Adana; Seyhan (a city in southern Turkey on the Seyhan River)

Sousse; Susa; Susah (a port city in eastern Tunisia on the Mediterranean)

Sardis (an ancient Greek city located in the western part of what is now modern Turkey; as the capital of Lydia it was the cultural center of Asia Minor; destroyed by Tamerlane in 1402)

Jinja (a city in Uganda on the north shore of Lake Victoria)

Tucson (a city in southeastern Arizona ringed by mountain ranges; long known as a winter and health resort but the population shift from industrial states to the Sunbelt resulted in rapid growth late in the 20th century)

Mesa (a city in Arizona just east of Phoenix; originally a suburb of Phoenix)

Anchorage (a city in south central Alaska)

Mobile (a port in southwestern Alabama on Mobile Bay)

Huntsville (a city in northern Alabama; center for space research)

Birmingham; Pittsburgh of the South (the largest city in Alabama; located in northeastern Alabama)

Dubai (port city in the United Arab Emirates on the Persian Gulf)

Gulu (a city in northern Uganda)

Safaqis; Sfax (the second largest city in Tunisia; located in eastern Tunisia near a phosphate region)

Gafsa (a city in west central Tunisia)

Lausanne (a city in western Switzerland; cultural and commercial center)

Geneva; Geneve; Genf (a city in southwestern Switzerland at the western end of Lake Geneva; it is the headquarters of various international organizations)

Bale; Basel; Basle (a city in northwestern Switzerland)

Omdurman (a city of Sudan; located in the central Sudan on the White Nile opposite Khartoum)

Port Sudan (port city in Sudan on the Red Sea)

Nyala (city in Sudan)

Valencia (a city in eastern Spain on the Mediterranean)

Saragossa; Zaragoza (an ancient city on the Ebro River in northeastern Spain; formerly the capital of Aragon)

Zurich (the largest city in Switzerland; located in the northern part of the country)

Alep; Aleppo; Halab (a city in northwestern Syria)

Ehadhamen; Ariana (city in Tunisia)

Tanga (a port city in northeastern Tanzania on the Indian Ocean)

Tabora (a city in western Tanzania)

Mwanza (a city in northern Tanzania on Lake Victoria)

Mbeya (a city in southwestern Tanzania)

Dodoma (a city in the center of Tanzania that has been designated as the future capital)

Al Ladhiqiyah; Latakia (a seaport on the western coast of Syria)

Anaheim (a city in southern California (southeast of Los Angeles); site of Disneyland)

Murmansk (a port city in northwestern Russia on the Kola Peninsula; the largest city north of the Arctic Circle; an important supply line to Russia in World War I and World War II)

Versailles (a city in north central France near Paris; site of the Palace of Versailles that was built by Louis XIV in the 17th century)

Oujda (a city in northeastern Morocco near the Algerian border)

Marrakech; Marrakesh (a city in western Morocco; tourist center)

Fes; Fez (a city in north central Morocco; religious center)

Casablanca (a port on the Atlantic and the largest city of Morocco)

Timbuktu (a city in central Mali near the Niger river; formerly famous for its gold trade)

capital of Malaysia; Putrajaya (Malaysia's sparkling new capital)

Kuala Lumpur (the largest city and former capital of Malaysia)

Zomba (a city in southern Malawi; was the capital until 1971)

Tangier; Tangiers (a city of northern Morocco at the west end of the Strait of Gibraltar)

Beira (a port city in eastern Mozambique on the Mozambique Channel)

Faisalabad; Lyallpur (city in northeast Pakistan)

Zaria (a city in north central Nigeria; agricultural trading center)

Maiduguri; Yerwa-Maiduguri (a city in northeastern Nigeria; an agricultural trading center)

Lagos (chief port and economic center of Nigeria; located in southwestern Nigeria on the Gulf of Guinea; former capital of Nigeria)

Katsina (a city in northern Nigeria; a major center of the Hausa people)

Ibadan (a large Yoruba city in southwestern Nigeria; site of a university)

Christchurch (industrial city at the center of a rich agricultural region)

Auckland (the largest city and principal port of New Zealand)

Blantyre (city in southern Malawi; largest city and commercial center of Malawi)

Benghazi (port in northern Libya on the Gulf of Sidra; formerly a joint capital of Libya with Tripoli)

Rotterdam (the 2nd largest city in the Netherlands; located in the western Netherlands near the North Sea)

Nijmegen (an industrial city in the eastern Netherlands)

Eindhoven (city in southeastern Netherlands noted for electrical industry)

's Gravenhage; Den Haag; The Hague (the site of the royal residence and the de facto capital in the western part of the Netherlands; seat of the International Court of Justice)

Arnhem (a city in the central Netherlands on the lower Rhine River; site of a battle in 1944 during World War II)

Apeldoorn (a city of east central Netherlands; a popular tourist center and site of the summer residence of the Dutch royal family)

Tamale (a city in northern Ghana)

Kumasi (a city in southern Ghana)

Leiden; Leyden (a city in the western Netherlands; residence of the Pilgrim Fathers for 11 years before they sailed for America in 1620)

Utrecht (a city in the central Netherlands)

Sur; Tyre (a port in southern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea; formerly a major Phoenician seaport famous for silks)

Saida; Sayda; Sidon (the main city of ancient Phoenicia)

Tarabulus; Tarabulus Ash-Sham; Trablous; Tripoli (a port city and commercial center in northwestern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea)

Pusan (a city in southeastern South Korea on the Korean Strait; the chief port and second largest city)

Taegu; Tegu (a city in southeastern South Korea)

Kwangju (city in southwestern South Korea; an important military base during the Korean War)

Chemulpo; Incheon; Inchon (a port city in western South Korea on the Yellow Sea)

Thorshavn (the administrative center of the Faroe Islands)

Hyderabad (a city in southern Pakistan on the Indus River)

Karachi (the largest city in Pakistan; located in southeastern Pakistan; an industrial center and seaport on the Arabian Sea; former capital of Pakistan)

Lahore (city in northeast Pakistan)

Durban (a port city in eastern South Africa on the Indian Ocean; resort and industrial center)

Kimberley (city in central South Africa; center for diamond mining and diamond marketing)

Johannesburg (city in the northeastern part of South Africa near Pretoria; commercial center for diamond and gold industries)

Cape Town (port city in southwestern South Africa; the seat of the legislative branch of the government of South Africa)

Hargeisa (a city in northwestern Somalia)

Taif (a city in western Saudi Arabia east of Mecca)

Tabuk (a city in northwestern Saudi Arabia)

Jed'dah; Jeddah; Jidda; Jiddah (port city in western Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea; near Mecca)

Bloemfontein (the seat of the supreme court)

Soweto (a large collection of African townships southwest of Johannesburg in South Africa; inhabited solely by Black Africans)

Kazan (an industrial city in the European part of Russia)

Gorki; Gorkiy; Gorky; Nizhni Novgorod; Nizhnyi Novgorod (an industrial city in the European part of Russia; birthplace of Maksim Gorky)

Kursk (a city of southwestern Russia)

Khabarovsk (a city on the Amur River on the border of China and the capital of Khabarovsk)

Kaluga (a city of central Russia south of Moscow)

Grozny; Groznyy (the capital of Chechnya in southwestern Russia; center of extensive oil fields)

Cherepovets (a city of east central Russia north of Moscow)

Astrakhan (a city in southwestern Russia on the delta of the Volga River)

Al Madinah; Medina (a city in western Saudi Arabia; site of the tomb of Muhammad; the second most holy city of Islam)

Papeete (the capital of French Polynesia on the northwestern coast of Tahiti)

Cracow; Krakau; Krakow (an industrial city in southern Poland on the Vistula)

Bromberg; Bydgoszcz (an industrial city and river port in northern Poland)

Quezon City (city on Luzon adjoining Manila)

Cebu; Cebu City (an important seaport on the island of Cebu in the Philippines)

Caloocan (a suburb of Manila in southwestern Luzon)

Arequipa (a city in southern Peru founded in 1540 on the site of an ancient Inca city)

Rawalpindi (an ancient city in northeastern Pakistan; served as capital of Pakistan while Islamabad was being built)

Peshawar (city in northern Pakistan at the eastern end of the Khyber Pass)

Czestochowa (a city of southern Poland whose church contains the statue of the black Madonna which attracts many pilgrims)

Danzig; Gdansk (a port city of northern Poland near the mouth of the Vistula River on a gulf of the Baltic Sea; a member of the Hanseatic League in the 14th century)

Setubal (a port city on the Atlantic coast of Portugal southeast of Lisbon)

Oporto; Porto (port city in northwest Portugal; noted for port wine)

Braga (an ancient city in northern Portugal)

Zabrze (an industrial city in southern Poland)

Breslau; Wroclaw (a city in southwestern Poland on the Oder)

Lublin (an industrial city of eastern Poland)

Lodz (a large city of central Poland)

Katowice (an industrial city of southern Poland)

Leningrad; Peterburg; Petrograd; Saint Petersburg; St. Petersburg (a city in the European part of Russia; 2nd largest Russian city; located at the head of the Gulf of Finland; former capital of Russia)

Bakersfield (a city in south central California at the southern end of the San Joaquin Valley)

Rochester (a city in western New York; a center of the photographic equipment industry)

Knoxville (a city in eastern Tennessee on the Tennessee River)

Chattanooga (a city in eastern Tennessee)

Sioux Falls (largest city in South Dakota; located in southeastern South Dakota)

Charleston (a port city in southeastern South Carolina)

Newport (a resort city in southeastern Rhode Island; known for the summer homes of millionaires; important yachting center)

Scranton (an industrial city of northeastern Pennsylvania)

Pittsburgh (a city in southwestern Pennsylvania where the confluence of the Allegheny River and Monongahela River forms the Ohio River; long an important urban industrial area; site of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh)

City of Brotherly Love; Philadelphia (the largest city in Pennsylvania; located in the southeastern part of the state on the Delaware river; site of Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were signed; site of the University of Pennsylvania)

Memphis (largest city of Tennessee; located in southwestern Tennessee on bluffs overlooking the Mississippi River)

Abilene (a city in central Texas)

Fort Worth (a city in northeastern Texas (just west of Dallas); a major industrial center)

El Paso (a city in western Texas on the Mexican border; located on the northern bank of the Rio Grande across from the Mexican city of Juarez)

Dallas (a large commercial and industrial city in northeastern Texas located in the heart of the northern Texas oil fields)

Corpus Christi (a city in southern Texas on an arm of the Gulf of Mexico)

Brownsville (a city in southern Texas on the Rio Grande near its mouth into the Gulf of Mexico; has a channel that accommodates oceangoing ships)

Beaumont (a city of southeastern Texas near Houston)

Arlington (a city in northern Texas between Dallas and Fort Worth)

Amarillo (a city in the northern panhandle of Texas)

Chester (a city of southeastern Pennsylvania on the Delaware river (an industrial suburb of Philadelphia))

Erie (a port city on Lake Erie in northwestern Pennsylvania)

Fargo (largest city in North Dakota; located in eastern North Dakota on the Red river)

Winston-Salem; Greensboro (a city of north central North Carolina)

Durham (a city of north central North Carolina; site of Duke University)

Charlotte; Queen City (the largest city in North Carolina; located in south central North Carolina)

Utica; Syracuse (a city in central New York)

Schenectady (a city of eastern New York on the Mohawk river; it prospered after the opening of the Erie Canal)

Akron (a city in northeastern Ohio; the heart of the United States rubber industry)

Cleveland (the largest city in Ohio; located in northeastern Ohio on Lake Erie; a major Great Lakes port)

Allentown (a city in eastern Pennsylvania; an industrial and commercial center)

Portland (freshwater port and largest city in Oregon; located in northwestern Oregon on the Willamette River which divides the city into east and west sections; renowned for its beautiful natural setting among the mountains)

Eugene (a city in eastern Oregon on the Willamette River; site of a university)

Tulsa (a major city of northeastern Oklahoma on the Arkansas river; once known as the oil capital of the world and still heavily involved in the oil and gas industries)

Youngstown (a city in northeast Ohio)

Toledo (an industrial city in northwestern Ohio on Lake Erie)

Dayton (a city in southwest Ohio; manufacturing center)

Cincinnati (a city in southern Ohio on the Ohio river)

Garland (a city in northeastern Texas (suburb of Dallas))

Houston (the largest city in Texas; located in southeastern Texas near the Gulf of Mexico; site of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

Laredo (a city in southern Texas on the Rio Grande)

Citta del Vaticano; Vatican City (the capital of the State of the Vatican City)

Casper (a city of east central Wyoming on the North Platte river)

Racine (a city in southeastern Wisconsin on Lake Michigan south of Milwaukee)

Milwaukee (largest city of Wisconsin; located in southeastern Wisconsin on the western shore of Lake Michigan; a flourishing agricultural center known for its breweries)

Green Bay (a city of eastern Wisconsin on an arm of Lake Michigan)

Wheeling (a city in the northern panhandle of West Virginia on the Ohio river)

Parkersburg (a city in northwestern West Virginia on the Ohio river)

Morgantown (a city in northern West Virginia on the Monongahela river near the Pennsylvania border; site of the University of West Virginia)

Cuidad Bolivar (a port in eastern Venezuela on the Orinoco river)

Cumana (a port city in northeastern Venezuela on the Caribbean Sea; founded in 1523, it is the oldest European settlement in South America)

Al-Mukalla; Mukalla (a port in southern Yemen on the Gulf of Aden east of Aden)

Al-Hudaydah; Hodeida (an important port in Yemen on the Red Sea)

Aden (an important port of Yemen; located on the Gulf of Aden; its strategic location have made it a major trading center of southern Arabia since ancient times)

Haiphong (a port city in northern Vietnam; industrial center)

Ho Chi Minh City; Saigon (a city in South Vietnam; formerly (as Saigon) it was the capital of French Indochina)

Valencia (an industrial city in northern Venezuela)

Maracay (a city in north central Venezuela; cattle center)

Maracaibo (a port city in northwestern Venezuela; a major oil center)

Huntington (a city of western West Virginia on the Ohio river at the mouth of the Kanawha)

Clarksburg (a city in northern West Virginia)

Burlington (the largest city in Vermont; located in northwestern Vermont on Lake Champlain; site of the University of Vermont)

Provo (a city in north central Utah settled by Mormons)

Wichita Falls (a city in north central Texas near the Oklahoma border)

Waco (a city in east central Texas)

San Antonio (a city of south central Texas; site of the Alamo; site of several military bases and a popular haven for vacationers)

Plano (a city in northeastern Texas (suburb of Dallas))

Odessa (a city in western Texas)

Lubbock (a city in northwest Texas south of Amarillo)

Newport News (a port city in southeastern Virginia at the mouth of the James River off Hampton Roads; large shipyards)

Norfolk (port city located in southeastern Virginia on the Elizabeth River at the mouth of Chesapeake Bay; headquarters of the Atlantic fleet of the United States Navy)

Beckley (a city in southern West Virginia)

Tacoma (a city in west central Washington on an arm of Puget Sound south of Seattle)

Spokane (a city in eastern Washington near the Idaho border)

Seattle (a major port of entry and the largest city in Washington; located in west central Washington on the protected waters of Puget Sound with the snow-capped peaks of the Cascade Range and Mount Ranier visible to the south and east; an aerospace and computer center; site of the University of Washington)

Virginia Beach (the largest city in Virginia; long overshadowed by Norfolk but growing rapidly since 1970; with 28 miles of public beaches tourism is a major factor in the economy; site of three United States Navy bases)

Roanoke (a city in southwestern Virginia)

Portsmouth (a port city in southeastern Virginia on the Elizabeth River opposite Norfolk; naval base; shipyards)

Lynchburg (a city in central Virginia)

Bulawayo (industrial city in southwestern Zimbabwe)

Niagara Falls (a city in western New York State at the falls of the Niagara river; tourist attraction and honeymoon resort)

Berkeley (a city in California on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay; site of the University of California at Berkeley)

Tampa (a resort city in western Florida; located on Tampa Bay on the Gulf of Mexico)

Saint Petersburg; St. Petersburg (a city in western Florida on Tampa Bay; a popular winter resort)

Saint Augustine; St. Augustine (a resort city in northeastern Florida; the oldest city in the United States)

Orlando (a city in central Florida; site of Walt Disney World)

Miami Beach (a city in southeastern Florida on an island between Biscayne Bay and the Atlantic Ocean; known for fashionable resort hotels)

Miami (a city and resort in southeastern Florida on Biscayne Bay; the best known city in Florida; a haven for retirees and a refuge for Cubans fleeing Castro)

Jacksonville (Florida's largest city; a port and important commercial center in northeastern Florida)

Fort Lauderdale (a city in southeast Florida on the Atlantic coast north of Miami; a favorite place for college students to go on their spring vacations)

Augusta (a city in eastern Georgia north-northwest of Savannah; noted for golf tournaments)

Columbus (a city in western Georgia on the Chattahoochee River; industrial center)

Fort Wayne (a city in northeastern Indiana)

Evansville (a city in southwestern Indiana on the Ohio River)

Rockford (a city in northern Illinois)

Peoria (a city in central Illinois on the Illinois River)

Decatur (a city in central Illinois; Abraham Lincoln practiced law here)

Chicago; Windy City (largest city in Illinois; a bustling Great Lakes port that extends 26 miles along the southwestern shoreline of Lake Michigan)

Savannah (a port in eastern Georgia near the mouth of the Savannah river)

Macon (a city in central Georgia southeast of Atlanta)

Wilmington (the largest city in Delaware)

Waterbury (a city in west central Connecticut)

Riverside (a city in southern California)

Pasadena (a city in southwestern California east of Los Angeles)

Oakland (a city in western California on San Francisco Bay opposite San Francisco; primarily and industrial urban center)

City of the Angels; Los Angeles (a city in southern California; motion picture capital of the world; most populous city of California and second largest in the United States)

Long Beach (a city in southern California located on 8.5 miles of Pacific beachfront; was a resort until oil was discovered in 1921)

Fresno (a city in south central California in the San Joaquin Valley; center of an important agricultural area and gateway to the Sierra Nevada Mountains)

Chula Vista (an industrial city in southern California (south of San Diego) near the Mexican border)

Beverly Hills (a city in southwestern California surrounded by Los Angeles; home of many Hollywood actors)

San Bernadino (a city in southern California east of Los Angeles)

San Diego (a picturesque city of southern California on San Diego Bay near the Mexican border; site of an important naval base)

New Haven (a city in southwestern Connecticut; site of Yale University)

Bridgeport (a port in southwestern Connecticut on Long Island Sound)

Pueblo (a city in Colorado south of Colorado Springs)

Colorado Springs (a city in east central Colorado on the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains; popular tourist center and site of the United States Air Force Academy)

Santa Clara (a city of west central California; residential area with light industry)

Santa Ana (a city in southern California east of Long Beach)

San Jose (a city in western California located at the southern end of San Francisco Bay south of San Francisco; a center for computer and electronics industries)

San Francisco (a port in western California near the Golden Gate that is one of the major industrial and transportation centers; it has one of the world's finest harbors; site of the Golden Gate Bridge)

Gary (a city in northwest Indiana on Lake Michigan; steel production)

South Bend (a city in northern Indiana)

Davenport (a city in eastern Iowa on the Mississippi River across from Moline and Rock Island)

Reno (a city in western Nevada at the foot of the Sierra Nevada Mountains; known for gambling casinos and easy divorce and remarriage)

Las Vegas (largest city in Nevada; located in southeastern Nevada; originally settled by Mormons but is now famous for entertainment and gambling and general excess)

Omaha (largest city in Nebraska; located in eastern Nebraska on the Missouri river; a major transportation center of the Midwest)

Billings (the largest city in Montana; located in southern Montana on the Yellowstone river)

Springfield (a city of southwestern Missouri)

Gateway to the West; Saint Louis; St. Louis (the largest city in Missouri; a busy river port on the Mississippi River near its confluence with the Missouri River; was an important staging area for wagon trains westward in the 19th century)

Kansas City (a city in western Missouri situated at the confluence of the Kansas River and the Missouri River; adjacent to Kansas City, Kansas)

Independence (a city in western Missouri; the beginning of the Santa Fe Trail)

Manchester (largest city in New Hampshire; located in southeastern New Hampshire on the Merrimack river)

Atlantic City (a city on the Atlantic shore in southeastern New Jersey; a resort and gambling center)

Greater New York; New York; New York City (the largest city in New York State and in the United States; located in southeastern New York at the mouth of the Hudson river; a major financial and cultural center)

Buffalo (a city on Lake Erie in western New York (near Niagara Falls))

Albuquerque (the largest city in New Mexico; located in central New Mexico on the Rio Grande river)

Paterson (a city of northeastern New Jersey)

Newark (the largest city in New Jersey; located in northeastern New Jersey)

Jersey City (a city in northeastern New Jersey (opposite Manhattan))

Camden (a city in southwestern New Jersey on the Delaware River near Pittsburgh)

Bayonne (a city in northeastern New Jersey)

Minneapolis (largest city in Minnesota; located in southeastern Minnesota on the Mississippi river; noted for flour mills; one of the Twin Cities)

Duluth (a city in northeast Minnesota on Lake Superior)

Shreveport (a city in northwest Louisiana on the Red River near the Texas border)

New Orleans (a port and largest city in Louisiana; located in southeastern Louisiana near the mouth of the Mississippi river; a major center for offshore drilling for oil in the Gulf of Mexico; jazz originated here among black musicians in the late 19th century; Mardi Gras is celebrated here each year)

Louisville (the largest city in Kentucky; located in north central Kentucky on the Ohio river; site of the Kentucky Derby)

Lexington (a city in eastern Kentucky; noted for raising thoroughbred horses)

Wichita (the largest city in Kansas; located in southern Kansas on the Arkansas River)

Kansas City (a city of northeast Kansas on the Missouri River adjacent to Kansas City, Missouri)

Sioux City (a city in northeastern Iowa where the Big Sioux River joins the Missouri)

Cedar Rapids (a city in eastern Iowa)

Portland (largest city in Maine in the southwestern corner of the state)

Baltimore (the largest city in Maryland; a major seaport and industrial center)

Grand Rapids (a city in west central Michigan; noted for manufacturing furniture)

Flint (a city in southeast central Michigan near Detroit; automobile manufacturing)

Detroit; Motor City; Motown (the largest city in Michigan and a major Great Lakes port; center of the United States automobile industry; located in southeastern Michigan on the Detroit river across from Windsor)

Ann Arbor (a city in southern Michigan near Detroit; site of the University of Michigan)

Salem (a city in northeastern Massachusetts; site of the witchcraft trials in 1692)

Worcester (an industrial and university city in central Massachusetts west of Boston)

Springfield (a city and manufacturing center in southwestern Massachusetts on the Connecticut River)

Cambridge (a city in Massachusetts just north of Boston; site of Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Binghamton (a city in south central New York near the border with Pennsylvania)

Torreon (a city in northern Mexico west of Monterrey)

Leipzig (a city in southeastern Germany famous for fairs; formerly a music and publishing center)

Dresden (a city in southeastern Germany on the Elbe River; it was almost totally destroyed by British air raids in 1945)

Dortmund (an industrial city in northwestern Germany; flourished from the 13th to 17th century as a member of the Hanseatic League)

Chemnitz; Karl-Marx-Stadt (a city in east central Germany; formerly called Karl-Marx-Stadt until 1990; noted for textile manufacturing)

Bremerhaven (a port city in northwestern Germany at the mouth of the Weser River on the North Sea; has a deep natural harbor and is an important shipping center)

Bremen (a city of northwestern Germany linked by the Weser River to the port of Bremerhaven and the North Sea; in the Middle Ages it was a leading member of the Hanseatic League)

Aachen; Aix-la-Chapelle; Aken (a city in western Germany near the Dutch and Belgian borders; formerly it was Charlemagne's northern capital)

Uppsala; Upsala (a city in east central Sweden north northwest of Stockholm)

Solingen (a city in west central Germany noted for cutlery)

Weimar (a German city near Leipzig; scene of the adoption in 1919 of the constitution of the Weimar Republic that lasted until 1933)

Hamburg (a port city in northern Germany on the Elbe River that was founded by Charlemagne in the 9th century and is today the largest port in Germany; in 1241 it formed an alliance with Lubeck that became the basis for the Hanseatic League)

Halle; Halle-an-der-Saale (a city in the Saxony region of Germany on the Saale River; a member of the Hanseatic League during the 13th and 14th centuries)

Frankfort; Frankfurt; Frankfurt on the Main (a German city; an industrial and commercial and financial center)

Essen (a city in western Germany; industrial center of the Ruhr)

Dusseldorf (an industrial city in western Germany on the Rhine)

Braunschweig; Brunswick (a city in central Germany)

Cologne; Koln (a commercial center and river port in western Germany on the Rhine River; flourished during the 15th century as a member of the Hanseatic League)

Bonn (a city in western Germany on the Rhine River; was the capital of West Germany between 1949 and 1989)

Goeteborg; Goteborg; Gothenburg (a port in southwestern Sweden; second largest city in Sweden)

Lund (a city in southern Sweden)

San Juan (the capital and largest city of Puerto Rico)

Santiago; Santiago de los Caballeros (city in the northern Dominican Republic)

Guantanamo (city in southeastern Cuba; site of a United States naval base)

Santiago; Santiago de Cuba (port city in southeastern Cuba; industrial center)

Villa Hermosa; Villahermosa (a city in southeastern Mexico; the capital of the state of Tabasco)

Veracruz (a major Mexican port on the Gulf of Mexico in the state of Veracruz)

Tuxtla Gutierrez (a city in southeastern Mexico)

Tijuana (a Mexican city just south of San Diego on the Lower California peninsula; popular among American tourists for racetracks and bullfights)

Montego Bay (port and resort city in northwestern Jamaica)

Brno; Brunn (an industrial city in Moravia in Czech Republic southeast of Prague)

Malmo (a port in southern Sweden)

Nidaros; Trondheim (a port in central Norway on Trondheim Fjord)

Stavanger (a port city in southwestern Norway; center for shipbuilding industry)

Bergen (a port city in southwestern Norway)

Aalborg; Alborg (a city and port in northern Jutland)

Aarhus; Arhus (port city of Denmark in eastern Jutland)

Cotonou (chief port of Benin on the Bight of Benin)

Ostrava (an industrial city in northwestern Czech Republic in the Moravian lowlands; located in the coal mining area of Silesia)

Hannover; Hanover (a port city in northwestern Germany; formerly a member of the Hanseatic League)

Lubeck (a city in northwestern Germany and an important Baltic port; a leading member of the Hanseatic League)

Mannheim (a city in southwestern Germany at the confluence of the Rhine and Neckar rivers)

Pompeii (ancient city southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius)

Byzantium (an ancient city on the Bosporus founded by the Greeks; site of modern Istanbul; in 330 Constantine I rebuilt the city and called it Constantinople and made it his capital)

Samaria (an ancient city in central Palestine founded in the 9th century BC as the capital of the northern Hebrew kingdom of Israel; the site is in present-day northwestern Jordan)

Jaffa; Joppa; Yafo (a port in western Israel on the Mediterranean; incorporated into Tel Aviv in 1950)

Haifa; Hefa (a major port in northwestern Israel)

Tel Aviv; Tel Aviv-Jaffa; Tel Aviv-Yalo (the largest city and financial center of Israel; located in western Israel on the Mediterranean)

Gomorrah; Gomorrha ((Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Sodom) was destroyed by God for the vice and depravity of its inhabitants)

Sodom ((Old Testament) an ancient city near the Dead Sea that (along with Gomorrah) was destroyed by God for the wickedness of its inhabitants)

Herculaneum (ancient city; now destroyed)

Aquila; Aquila degli Abruzzi; L'Aquila (the provincial capital of the Abruzzi region in central Italy)

Genoa; Genova (a seaport in northwestern Italy; provincial capital of Liguria)

Brindisi (a port city in southeastern Apulia in Italy; a center for the Crusades in the Middle Ages)

Bologna (the capital of Emilia-Romagna; located in northern Italy east of the Apennines)

Messina (a port city in northeastern Sicily on the Strait of Messina)

Naples; Napoli (a port and tourist center in southwestern Italy; capital of the Campania region)

Ferrara (a city in northern Italy)

Brescia (an ancient Italian city in central Lombardy)

Bolzano (an Italian city in Trentino-Alto Adige near the Austrian border; noted as a resort and for its Alpine scenery)

Nablus (an ancient city in the West Bank north of Jerusalem; the home of Jacob in biblical times)

Salonica; Salonika; Thessalonica; Thessaloniki (a port city in northeastern Greece on an inlet of the Aegean Sea; second largest city of Greece)

Espoo (a city in southern Finland)

Guayaquil (the largest city of Ecuador)

Wuerzburg; Wurzburg (a city of south central Germany)

Wiesbaden (a city in western Germany; a spa since Roman times)

Stuttgart (a city in southwestern Germany famous for innovative architecture)

Rostock (a city in northeastern Germany near the Baltic sea; an important member of the Hanseatic League in the 14th century)

Nuremberg; Nurnberg (a city in southeastern Germany; site of Allied trials of Nazi war criminals (1945-46))

Muenchen; Munich (the capital and largest city of Bavaria in southwestern Germany)

Tammerfors; Tampere (an industrial city in south central Finland)

Corinth; Korinthos (the modern Greek port near the site of the ancient city that was second only to Athens)

Thebes (an ancient Greek city in Boeotia destroyed by Alexander the Great in 336 BC)

Ilion; Ilium; Troy (an ancient city in Asia Minor that was the site of the Trojan War)

Patrai; Patras (a port city in western Greece in the northwestern Peloponnese on an inlet of the Ionian Sea; was a major trade center from the 5th century BC to the 3rd century BC; commercial importance revived during the Middle Ages)

Ephesus (an ancient Greek city on the western shore of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the Temple of Artemis; was a major trading center and played an important role in early Christianity)

Sparta (an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess; the dominant city of the Peloponnesus prior to the 4th century BC)

Mycenae (an ancient city is southern Greece; center of the Mycenaean civilization during the late Bronze Age)

Delphi (an ancient Greek city on the slopes of Mount Parnassus; site of the oracle of Delphi)

Argos (an ancient city in southeastern Greece; dominated the Peloponnese in the 7th century BC)

Cremona (a city in Lombardy on the Po River; noted for the manufacture of fine violins from the 16th to the 18th centuries)

Tampico (a port city in eastern Mexico)

Nicaea (an ancient city in Bithynia; founded in the 4th century BC and flourished under the Romans; the Nicene Creed was adopted there in 325)

Vina del Mar (a resort city on the Pacific in central Chile)

Valparaiso (the chief port and second largest city of Chile; located on a wide harbor in central Chile)

Temuco (a city in central Chile south of Concepcion)

Punta Arenas (a city in southern Chile on the Strait of Magellan; the southernmost city in the world)

Concepcion (an industrial city in Chile south of Santiago)

Antofagasta (a port city on the Pacific in northern Chile)

Kandy (a city of central Sri Lanka that was the last capital of the ancient kings of Ceylon; a resort and religious center)

Douala (the largest city of Cameroon)

Chongqing; Chungking (a city in south-central China on the Chang Jiang; a commercial center for western China)

Canton; Guangzhou; Kuangchou; Kwangchow (a city on the Zhu Jiang delta in southern China; the capital of Guangdong province and a major deep-water port)

Shanghai (the largest city of China; located in the east on the Pacific; one of the largest ports in the world)

Nanjing; Nanking (a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River; a former capital of China; the scene of a Japanese massacre in the 1930s)

Nan-ning; Nanning (an industrial city in southern China)

Nan-chang; Nanchang (a walled city in southeastern China on the Gan Jiang)

Hangchow; Hangzhou (a city of eastern China on Hangzhou Bay; regarded by Marco Polo as the finest city in the world)

Lushun; Port Arthur (a major port city in northeastern China; part of the conurbation of Luda)

Loyang; Luoyang (a city in east central China; the capital of ancient China during several dynasties)

Lanchou; Lanchow; Lanzhou (the capital city of the Chinese province of Gansu on the Yellow River)

Mawlamyine; Moulmein (a port city of southern Myanmar on the Gulf of Martaban)

Mandalay (a city in central Myanmar north of Rangoon)

Oran (a port city in northwestern Algeria and the country's 2nd largest city)

Blida (a city in northern Algeria at the foot of the Atlas Mountains southwest of Algiers)

Annaba (a port city of northeastern Algeria near the Tunisian border)

Durazzo; Durres (port city in western Albania on the Adriatic)

Mazar-i-Sharif (a city in northern Afghanistan)

Kandahar; Qandahar (a city in southern Afghanistan; an important trading center)

Herat (a city in northwestern Afghanistan on the site of several ancient cities)

Colossae (an ancient city in south western Phrygia in Asia Minor; site of an early Christian Church)

Constantine (a walled city in northeastern Algeria east of Algiers; was destroyed in warfare in the 4th century and rebuilt by Constantine I)

Huambo; Nova Lisboa (a city in the mountains in western Angola)

Varna (a port city in northeastern Bulgaria on the Black Sea)

Philippopolis; Plovdiv (an ancient city in southern Bulgaria; commercial center of an agricultural region)

Dobrich; Tolbukhin (a city in northeastern Bulgaria (north of Varna) that is the commercial center of an agricultural region)

Vicente Lopez (an industrial suburb of Buenos Aires)

Cordoba; Cordova (a city in central Argentina; site of a university founded in 1613)

Bahia Blanca (a port city in eastern Argentina southwest of Buenos Aires on an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean)

Hamilton (the capital of Bermuda)

Lobito (a seaport on the Atlantic coast of Angola)

Fengtien; Moukden; Mukden; Shenyang (a city in northeastern China)

Taiyuan (an ancient city in northeastern China noted for coal mining and steel production)

Tangshan (an industrial city of northeastern China in Hebei province)

Guadalajara (a city in southwestern Mexico; a popular health resort and site of architecture from the Spanish colonial era)

Durango; Victoria de Durango (a city in north central Mexico; mining center)

Culiacan (a city in northwestern Mexico)

Ciudad Victoria (a city in east central Mexico)

Ciudad Juarez; Juarez (a city in northern Mexico on the Rio Grande opposite El Paso)

chihuahua (a city in northern Mexico in the state of Chihuahua; commercial center of northern Mexico)

Acapulco; Acapulco de Juarez (a port and fashionable resort city on the Pacific coast of southern Mexico; known for beaches and water sports (including cliff diving))

Cancun (a popular island resort off the northeastern tip of the Yucatan peninsula)

Hermosillo (a city in northwestern Mexico near the Gulf of California)

Leon; San Luis Potosi (a city in central Mexico)

Heroica Puebla de Zaragoza; Puebla; Puebla de Zaragoza (a city in south central Mexico (southeast of Mexico City) on the edge of central Mexican plateau)

Orizaba (a city of east central Mexico (west of Veracruz); a popular resort)

Oaxaca; Oaxaca de Juarez (a city of southeastern Mexico)

Monterrey (an industrial city in northeastern Mexico)

Mexicali (a city in northwestern Mexico near the California border)

Mazatlan (a port city in western Mexico on the Pacific Ocean; tourist center)

Matamoros (a city in northeastern Mexico opposite Brownsville near the mouth of the Rio Grande)

Campeche (a Mexican city on the Bay of Campeche)

Merida (the capital of the Mexican state of Yucatan)

Cali (city in southwestern Colombia in a rich agricultural area)

Barranquilla (a port city of northern Colombia near the Caribbean on the Magdalena River)

Hong Kong (formerly a Crown Colony on the coast of southern China in Guangdong province; leased by China to Britain in 1842 and returned in 1997; one of the world's leading commercial centers)

Taichung (a city in Taiwan)

Hohhot (a northern industrial city of China northwest of Beijing)

Changan; Hsian; Sian; Singan; Xian (a city of central China; capital of ancient Chinese empire 221-206 BC)

Wuhan (a city of central China on the Chang Jiang; the commercial and industrial center of central China)

T'ien-ching; Tianjin; Tientsin (a major industrial center in northeastern China on the Grand Canal near the Yellow Sea; 3rd largest city in China)

Medellin (city in western Colombia; important coffee center)

Cartagena (a port city in northwestern Colombia on the Caribbean)

Aspinwall; Colon (a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal)

Santa Ana (a city in western El Salvador)

San Pedro Sula (industrial city in northwestern Honduras)

Abidjan (city recognized by the United States as the capital of the Ivory Coast; largest city of the Ivory Coast)

Elisabethville; Lubumbashi (a city in southeastern Congo near the border with Zambia; a copper mining center; former name (until 1966) was Elisabethville)

Kananga; Luluabourg (a city in southwestern Congo; former name (until 1966) was Luluabourg)

Goma (a city in eastern Congo at the northern end of Lake Kivu near the border with Rwanda)

Soledad (a city in northern Colombia; a suburb of Barranquilla)

Tepic (a city in west central Mexico)

La Spezia (a port city in Liguria on an arm of the Ligurian Sea; a major seaport and year-round resort)

Assouan; Assuan; Aswan (an ancient city on the Nile in Egypt; site of the Aswan High Dam)

Qum (a city in northwestern Iran; a place of pilgrimage for Shiite Muslims)

Orumiyeh; Urmia (a city on the western side of Lake Urmia in northwestern Iran)

Tabriz (an ancient city in northwestern Iran; known for hot springs)

Shiraz (a city in central southwestern Iran; ruins of ancient Persepolis are nearby)

Rasht; Resht (city in northwestern Iran near the Caspian Sea)

Aspadana; Esfahan; Isfahan (city in central Iran; former capital of Persia)

Mashhad; Meshed (the holy city of Shiite Muslims; located in northeastern Iran)

Bam (an ancient city in southeastern Iran; destroyed by an earthquake in 2003)

Persepolis (an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire; now in ruins)

Basia; Basra (the second largest city in Iraq; an oil port in southern Iraq)

Ashur; Assur; Asur (an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris and traditional capital of Assyria; just south of the modern city of Mosul in Iraq)

Ur (an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River)

Babylon (the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capital of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia)

Adrianople; Adrianopolis; Edirne (a city in northwestern Turkey; a Thracian town that was rebuilt and renamed by the Roman Emperor Hadrian)

Philippi (a city in ancient Macedonia that was important in early Christianity)

Mosul (a city in northern Iraq on the Tigris across from the ruins of Nineveh)

Kirkuk (a city in northeastern Iraq; the center of a rich oilfield with pipelines to the Mediterranean)

Karbala; Kerbala; Kerbela (a city of central Iraq south of Baghdad; a holy city for Shiite Muslims because it is the site of the tomb of Mohammed's grandson who was killed there in 680)

Abadan (a port city in southwestern Iran)

Samarang; Semarang (a port city is southern Indonesia; located in northern Java)

Jabalpur; Jubbulpore (an industrial city of central India southeast of Delhi)

Bangalore (an industrial city in south central India (west of Chennai))

Delhi; Old Delhi (a city in north central India)

Suez (a city in northeastern Egypt at the head of the Gulf of Suez and at the southern end of the Suez Canal)

Thebes (an ancient Egyptian city on the Nile River that flourished from the 22nd century BC to the 18th century BC; today the archeological remains include many splendid temples and tombs)

El-Aksur; Luxor (a city in central Egypt on the east bank of the Nile that is a center for visitors to the ruins of and around Thebes)

Memphis (an ancient city of Egypt on the Nile (south of Cairo))

El Giza; Giza; Gizeh (an ancient Egyptian city on the west bank of the Nile opposite Cairo; site of three Great Pyramids and the Sphinx)

Calcutta; Kolkata (the largest city in India and one of the largest cities in the world; located in eastern India; suffers from poverty and overcrowding)

Bombay; Mumbai (a city in western India just off the coast of the Arabian Sea; India's 2nd largest city (after Calcutta); has the only natural deep-water harbor in western India)

Medan (a city in Indonesia; located in northeastern Sumatra)

Bandung (a city in Indonesia; located on western Java (southeast of Jakarta); a resort known for its climate)

Salem (a city in southern India)

Mysore (a city in southern India southwest of Bangalore)

Lucknow (a city in northern India in Uttar Pradesh; during the Indian Mutiny its British residents were besieged by Indian insurgents)

Chennai; Madras (a city in Tamil Nadu on the Bay of Bengal; formerly Madras)

Hyderabad (a city in south central India in Andhra Pradesh)

Agra (a city in northern India; former capital of the Mogul empire; site of the Taj Mahal)

Nineveh (an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris across from the modern city of Mosul in the northern part of what is now known as Iraq)

Utica (an ancient city on the north coast of Africa (northwest of Carthage); destroyed by Arabs around 700 AD)

Asahikawa (a city on western Hokkaido that is the center of a fertile agricultural area)

Lille (an industrial city in northern France near the Belgian border; was the medieval capital of Flanders)

Le Havre (a port city in northern France on the English Channel at the mouth of the Seine)

Grenoble (a city in southeastern France on the Isere River)

Dijon (an industrial city in eastern France north of Lyons)

Cannes (a port and resort city on the French Riviera; site of an annual film festival)

Brest (a port city in northwestern France (in Brittany); the chief naval station of France)

Bordeaux (a port city in southwestern France; a major center of the wine trade)

Nakuru (a city in western Kenya; commercial center of an agricultural region)

Lyon; Lyons (a city in east-central France on the Rhone River; a principal producer of silk and rayon)

Marseille; Marseilles (a port city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean)

Toulouse (a city on the Garonne River in southern France southeast of Bordeaux; a cultural center of medieval Europe)

Toulon (a port city and naval base in southeastern France on the Mediterranean coast)

Strasbourg; Strassburg (city on the Rhine in eastern France near the German border; an inland port)

Reims; Rheims (a city in northeastern France east of Paris; scene of the coronation of most French kings; site of the unconditional German surrender in 1945 at the end of World War II)

Orleans (a city on the Loire river in north central France; site of the siege of Orleans by the English (1428-1429))

Nice (a city in southeastern France on the Mediterranean; the leading resort on the French Riviera)

Nantes (a port city in western France on the Loire estuary)

Nancy (a city in northeastern France in Lorraine)

Mombasa (a port city in southern Kenya on a coral island in a bay of the Indian Ocean)

Kisumu (a port city in western Kenya on the northeastern shore of Lake Victoria; fishing and trading center)

Kyoto (a city in central Japan on southern Honshu; a famous cultural center that was once the capital of Japan)

Kobe (a port city in Japan on Osaka Bay in southern Honshu; was damaged by an earthquake in 1995)

Naha City (the chief city in the Ryukyu Islands)

Yokohama (port city on southeastern Honshu in central Japan)

Osaka (port city on southern Honshu on Osaka Bay; a commercial and industrial center of Japan)

Omiya (a city of east central Honshu; a suburb of Tokyo)

Nagoya (an industrial city in southern Honshu)

Nagano (a city in central Honshu northwest of Tokyo; site of a Buddhist shrine)

Hiroshima (a port city on the southwestern coast of Honshu in Japan; on August 6, 1945 Hiroshima was almost completely destroyed by the first atomic bomb dropped on a populated area)

Sapporo (a commercial city in northern Japan on western Hokkaido)

Az Zarqa; Zarqa (city in northwestern Jordan)

Akaba; Al Aqabah; Aqaba (Jordan's port; located in southwestern Jordan on the Gulf of Aqaba)

Toyota (an industrial city of Japan in southern Honshu)

Toyonaki (a Japanese city in southern Honshu; main residential suburb of Osaka)

Toyohashi (a Japanese city in southern Honshu on the Pacific shore)

Nagasaki (a city in southern Japan on Kyushu; a leading port and shipbuilding center; on August 9, 1945 Nagasaki became the second populated area to receive an atomic bomb)

Fukuoka (a city in southern Japan on Kyushu)

Kitakyushu (a Japanese city on northern Kyushu)

Tours (an industrial city in western France on the Loire River)

Alexandria; El Iskandriyah (the chief port of Egypt; located on the western edge of the Nile delta on the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Alexander the Great; the capital of ancient Egypt)

Milan; Milano (the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the Middle Ages)

Chittagong (a port city and industrial center in southeastern Bangladesh on the Bay of Bengal)

Innsbruck (city in southwestern Austria; known as a summer and winter resort)

Salzburg (city in western Austria; a music center and birthplace of Mozart)

Lentia; Linz (city in northern Austria on the Danube; noted as a cultural center)

Graz (an industrial city is southeastern Austria)

Saskatoon (a city in central Saskatchewan; the largest city in the province)

Montreal (a city in southern Quebec province on the Saint Lawrence River; the largest city in Quebec and 2nd largest in Canada; the 2nd largest French-speaking city in the world)

Windsor (a city in southeastern Ontario on the Detroit River opposite Detroit)

Antwerp; Antwerpen; Anvers (a busy port and financial center in northern Belgium on the Scheldt river; it has long been a center for the diamond industry and the first stock exchange was opened there in 1460)

Bruges; City of Bridges (a city in northwestern Belgium that is connected by canal to the North Sea; in the 13th century it was a leading member of the Hanseatic League; the old city (known as the City of Bridges) is a popular tourist attraction)

Curitiba (a city in southeastern Brazil)

Belo Horizonte (city in southeastern Brazil north of Rio de Janeiro; the first of Brazil's planned communities)

Belem; Feliz Lusitania; Para; Santa Maria de Belem; St. Mary of Bethlehem (port city in northern Brazil in the Amazon delta; main port and commercial center for the Amazon River basin)

Santa Cruz (a city in central Bolivia)

Namur (a city in south central Belgium situated on a promontory between the Meuse River and the Sambre River; the site of intense fighting in World War I and World War II)

Liege; Luik (city in eastern Belgium; largest French-speaking city in Belgium)

Gand; Gent; Ghent (port city in northwestern Belgium and industrial center; famous for cloth industry)

Charleroi (city in southwestern Belgium; center of an industrial region)

Thunder Bay (a port city in Ontario on Lake Superior)

Sudbury (a city in south central Canada in Ontario; a major nickel mining center)

Padova; Padua; Patavium (a city in Veneto)

Trent; Trento (a city in northern Italy (northwest of Venice) on the River Adige; the site of the Council of Trent)

Firenze; Florence (a city in central Italy on the Arno; provincial capital of Tuscany; center of the Italian Renaissance from 14th to 16th centuries)

Palermo (the capital of Sicily; located in northwestern Sicily; an important port for 3000 years)

Bari (capital city of the Apulia region on the Adriatic coast)

Torino; Turin (capital city of the Piemonte region of northwestern Italy)

Siracusa; Syracuse (a city in southeastern Sicily that was founded by Corinthians in the 8th century BC)

Pisa (a city in Tuscany; site of the famous Leaning Tower)

Venezia; Venice (the provincial capital of Veneto; built on 118 islands within a lagoon in the Gulf of Venice; has canals instead of streets; one of Italy's major ports and a famous tourist attraction)

Verona (a city in Veneto on the River Adige)

Hamilton (a port city in southeastern Ontario at the western end of Lake Ontario)

Saint John; St. John (a port in eastern Canada; the largest city in New Brunswick)

Vancouver (a port city in southwestern British Columbia on an arm of the Pacific Ocean opposite Vancouver Island; Canada's chief Pacific port and third largest city)

Calgary (the largest city in southern Alberta; an oil and gas center and a technology center for Alberta and most of western Canada)

Banff (a popular vacation spot in the Canadian Rockies)

Split (an old Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea)

Dubrovnik; Ragusa (a port city in southwestern Croatia on the Adriatic; a popular tourist center)

Sarajevo (capital and largest city of Bosnia; scene of the assassination of Francis Ferdinand in 1914 which precipitated World War I)

Joao Pessoa (a city in northeastern Brazil near the Atlantic Ocean north of Recife)

Governador Valadares (a city in eastern Brazil northeast of Belo Horizonte)

Limeira (a city of southeastern Brazil (northwest of Sao Paulo))

Sheffield (a steel manufacturing city in northern England famous for its cutlery industry)

Reading (a city on the River Thames in Berkshire in southern England)

Gloucester (a city in southwestern England in Gloucestershire on the Severn)

Coventry (an industrial city in central England; devastated by air raids during World War II; remembered as the home of Lady Godiva in the 11th century)

Pompey; Portsmouth (a port city in southern England on the English Channel; Britain's major naval base)

Newcastle; Newcastle-upon-Tyne (a port city in northeastern England on the River Tyne; a center for coal exports (giving rise to the expression 'carry coals to Newcastle' meaning to do something unnecessary))

Leicester (an industrial city in Leicestershire in central England; built on the site of a Roman settlement)

Leeds (a city on the River Aire in West Yorkshire in northern England; a center of the clothing industry)

Winchester (a city in southern England; administrative center of Hampshire)

Worcester (a cathedral city in west central England on the River Severn)

Newport (a port city in southeastern Wales)

Glasgow (largest city in Scotland; a port on the Clyde in west central Scotland; one of the great shipbuilding centers of the world)

Aberdeen (a city in northeastern Scotland on the North Sea)

Waterford (a port city in southern Ireland; famous for glass industry)

Limerick (port city in southwestern Ireland)

Galway (a port city in western Ireland on Galway Bay)

Cork (a port city in southern Ireland)

Northampton (the principal city of Northamptonshire)

Bristol (an industrial city and port in southwestern England near the mouth of the River Avon)

Brighton (a city in East Sussex in southern England that is a popular resort; site of the University of Sussex)

Sao Joao de Meriti (a city in southeastern Brazil that is a residential suburb of Rio de Janeiro)

Sao Goncalo (an industrial city in southeastern Brazil across the bay from Rio de Janeiro)

Sao Bernardo do Campo (a city in southeastern Brazil; an industrial suburb of Sao Paulo)

Santos (a port city in southwestern Brazil on an offshore island near Sao Paulo)

Pernambuco; Recife (a port city of northeastern Brazil on the Atlantic)

Rio; Rio de Janeiro (the former capital and 2nd largest city of Brazil; chief Brazilian port; famous as a tourist attraction)

Osasco (a city in southeastern Brazil; suburb of Sao Paulo)

Natal (a port city in northeastern Brazil)

Sao Jose dos Campos (a city in southeastern Brazil east northeast of Sao Paulo)

Sao Louis (a city on an offshore island in northeast Brazil)

Cambridge (a city in eastern England on the River Cam; site of Cambridge University)

Oxford (a city in southern England northwest of London; site of Oxford University)

Birmingham; Brummagem (a city in central England; 2nd largest English city and an important industrial and transportation center)

Liverpool (a large city in northwestern England; its port is the country's major outlet for industrial exports)

Hull; Kingston-upon Hull (a large fishing port in northeastern England)

Manchester (a city in northwestern England (30 miles east of Liverpool); heart of the most densely populated area of England)

Lancaster (a city in northwestern England)

Sao Paulo (an ultramodern city in southeastern Brazil; the largest city in South America)

Swansea (a port city in southern Wales on an inlet of the Bristol Channel)

 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"After dinner sit a while, after supper walk a mile." (English proverb)

"Shameful is not the one who doesn't know, but the one who doesn't ask." (Azerbaijani proverb)

"Experimenting is the great science." (Arabic proverb)

"Even if a monkey wears a golden ring, it is and remains an ugly thing." (Dutch proverb)

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