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TRIAL

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does trial mean? 

TRIAL (noun)
  The noun TRIAL has 7 senses:

1. (law) legal proceedings consisting of the judicial examination of issues by a competent tribunal
2. the act of testing something
3. (sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications
4. (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law
5. trying something to find out about it
6. an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event
7. the act of undergoing testing

  Familiarity information: TRIAL used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


TRIAL (noun)


Sense 1trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(law) legal proceedings consisting of the judicial examination of issues by a competent tribunal

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

most of these complaints are settled before they go to trial

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

legal proceeding; proceeding; proceedings ((law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked)

Meronyms (parts of "trial"):

plea (an answer indicating why a suit should be dismissed)

criminal prosecution; prosecution (the institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior)

defence; defense; demurrer; denial (a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him)

Domain category:

jurisprudence; law (the collection of rules imposed by authority)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "trial"):

retrial (a new trial in which issues already litigated and to which the court has already rendered a verdict or decision are reexamined by the same court; occurs when the initial trial is found to have been improper or unfair due to procedural errors)

mistrial (a trial that is invalid or inconclusive)


Sense 2trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of testing something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

run; test; trial

Context examples:

in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately / he called each flip of the coin a new trial

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

attempt; effort; endeavor; endeavour; try (earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "trial"):

assay (a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance (especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components; frequently used to test for the presence or concentration of infectious agents or antibodies etc.)

Snellen test (a test of visual acuity using a Snellen chart)

pilot program; pilot project (activity planned as a test or trial)

Ministry of Transportation test; MOT; MOT test (a compulsory annual test of older motor vehicles for safety and exhaust fumes)

fitting; try-on; trying on (putting clothes on to see whether they fit)

field trial (a test of young hunting dogs to determine their skill in pointing and retrieving)

audition; tryout (a test of the suitability of a performer)

preclinical phase; preclinical test; preclinical trial (a laboratory test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on animal subjects; conducted to gather evidence justifying a clinical trial)

double blind (a test procedure in which the identity of those receiving the intervention is concealed from both the administrators and the subjects until after the test is completed; designed to reduce or eliminate bias in the results)

clinical test; clinical trial (a rigorously controlled test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on human subjects; in the United States it is conducted under the direction of the FDA before being made available for general clinical use)


Sense 3trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(sports) a preliminary competition to determine qualifications

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Context example:

the trials for the semifinals began yesterday

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

competition; contest (an occasion on which a winner is selected from among two or more contestants)

Domain category:

athletics; sport (an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition)


Sense 4trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

he had a fair trial and the jury found him guilty

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

legal proceeding; proceeding; proceedings ((law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked)

Domain category:

jurisprudence; law (the collection of rules imposed by authority)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "trial"):

court-martial (a trial that is conducted by a military court)

ordeal; trial by ordeal (a primitive method of determining a person's guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to dangerous or painful tests believed to be under divine control; escape was usually taken as a sign of innocence)

Scopes trial (a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school; Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow; Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later reversed)

show trial (a trial held for show; the guilt of the accused person has been decided in advance)


Sense 5trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Trying something to find out about it

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

tryout; trial run; test; trial

Context examples:

a sample for ten days free trial / a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

experiment; experimentation (the testing of an idea)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "trial"):

trial balloon (a test of public opinion)

road test (a test to insure that a vehicle is roadworthy)

beta test ((computer science) a second test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by an outside organization)

alpha test ((computer science) a first test of an experimental product (such as computer software) carried out by the developer)

field test; field trial (a test of the performance of some new product under the conditions in which it will be used)


Sense 6trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

tribulation; visitation; trial

Context examples:

his mother-in-law's visits were a great trial for him / life is full of tribulations / a visitation of the plague

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

affliction (a cause of great suffering and distress)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "trial"):

fire (a severe trial)


Sense 7trial [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of undergoing testing

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

test; trial

Context examples:

he survived the great test of battle / candidates must compete in a trial of skill

Hypernyms ("trial" is a kind of...):

attempt; effort; endeavor; endeavour; try (earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something)


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 TRIAL: related words searches 

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