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Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does syndrome mean? 

  The noun SYNDROME has 2 senses:

1. a complex of concurrent things
2. a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease

  Familiarity information: SYNDROME used as a noun is rare.

 Dictionary entry details 


Sense 1syndrome [BACK TO TOP]


A complex of concurrent things

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Context example:

every word has a syndrome of meanings

Hypernyms ("syndrome" is a kind of...):

complex; composite (a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts)

Sense 2syndrome [BACK TO TOP]


A pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Hypernyms ("syndrome" is a kind of...):

symptom ((medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "syndrome"):

autism ((psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people)

Ramsay Hunt syndrome (syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss)

Reiter's disease; Reiter's syndrome (an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis)

Ekbom syndrome; restless legs; restless legs syndrome (feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs)

Reye's syndrome (acquired brain disorder following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children)

scalenus syndrome (discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm; caused by a scalene muscle compressing the subclavian artery and part of the brachial plexus)

apyretic tetanus; intermittent cramp; intermittent tetanus; tetanilla; tetany (clinical neurological syndrome characterized by muscular twitching and cramps and (when severe) seizures; associated with calcium deficiency (hypoparathyroidism) or vitamin D deficiency or alkalosis)

thoracic outlet syndrome (tingling sensations in the fingers; caused by compression on a nerve supplying the arm)

Tietze's syndrome (syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage (causing pain))

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome; Tourette's syndrome (neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia)

Fallot's syndrome; Fallot's tetralogy; tetralogy of Fallot (a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis; characterized by four symptoms: pulmonary stenosis and ventricular septal defect and malposition of the aorta over both ventricles and hypertrophy of the right ventricle)

toxic shock; toxic shock syndrome; TSS (syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons)

Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome (syndrome associated with bacterial meningitis; marked by sudden high fever and skin discoloration and petechiae with hemorrhage into the adrenal glands and cardiovascular collapse)

Williams syndrome (a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary)

radiation; radiation sickness; radiation syndrome (syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours)

PMS; premenstrual syndrome (a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation)

phantom limb syndrome (syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated)

ADD; ADHD; attention deficit disorder; attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; hyperkinetic syndrome; MBD; minimal brain damage; minimal brain dysfunction (a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders)

Horner's syndrome (a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine (drooping eyelids and constricted pupils and absence of facial sweating))

cervical disc syndrome; cervical root syndrome (an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia)

Chinese restaurant syndrome (headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate)

Conn's syndrome (disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone)

fetal alcohol syndrome (a medical condition in which body deformation or facial development or mental ability of a fetus is impaired because the mother drank alcohol while pregnant)

Gulf War syndrome; Persian Gulf illness (a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders)

Klinefelter syndrome; Klinefelter's syndrome; XXY-syndrome (syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male)

malabsorption syndrome (a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis)

Munchausen syndrome; Munchausen's syndrome (syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found)

nephrosis; nephrotic syndrome (a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases)

Noonan's syndrome (syndrome seen only in males; marked by short stature and lowset ears and subnormal fertility)

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (syndrome consisting of intractable peptic ulceration with gastric hypersecretion and hyperacidity)

Holonyms ("syndrome" is a part of...):

disease (an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning)

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 SYNDROME: related words searches 

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