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Audio English.org » Dictionary » S » Sursum Corda ... Sustainment

SUSTAIN

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does sustain mean? 

SUSTAIN (verb)
  The verb SUSTAIN has 7 senses:

1. lengthen or extend in duration or space
2. undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)
3. provide with nourishment
4. supply with necessities and support
5. be the physical support of; carry the weight of
6. admit as valid
7. establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

  Familiarity information: SUSTAIN used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


SUSTAIN (verb)


Sense 1sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Lengthen or extend in duration or space

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Synonyms:

sustain; keep up; prolong

Context examples:

We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible / prolong the treatment of the patient / keep up the good work

Hypernyms (to "sustain" is one way to...):

bear on; carry on; continue; preserve; uphold (keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sustain"):

continue; keep; keep going; keep on; retain (allow to remain in a place or position)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 2sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Undergo (as of injuries and illnesses)

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

suffer; sustain; have; get

Context examples:

She suffered a fracture in the accident / He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars / She got a bruise on her leg / He got his arm broken in the scuffle

Hypernyms (to "sustain" is one way to...):

experience; get; have; receive; undergo (go through (mental or physical states or experiences))

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sustain"):

break down; collapse (collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack)

break up; collapse; crack; crack up; crock up (suffer a nervous breakdown)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 3sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Provide with nourishment

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

nourish; nurture; sustain

Context examples:

We sustained ourselves on bread and water / This kind of food is not nourishing for young children

Hypernyms (to "sustain" is one way to...):

cater; ply; provide; supply (provide what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sustain"):

carry (be able to feed)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody


Sense 4sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Supply with necessities and support

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

maintain; sustain; keep

Context examples:

She alone sustained her family / The money will sustain our good cause / There's little to earn and many to keep

Hypernyms (to "sustain" is one way to...):

have; have got; hold (have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sustain"):

carry (keep up with financial support)

reseed (maintain by seeding without human intervention)

patronage (support by being a patron of)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 5sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be the physical support of; carry the weight of

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

hold up; support; sustain; hold

Context examples:

The beam holds up the roof / He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam / What's holding that mirror?

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sustain"):

brace (support by bracing)

truss (support structurally)

prop; prop up; shore; shore up (support by placing against something solid or rigid)

underpin (support from beneath)

bracket (support with brackets)

pole (support on poles)

buoy; buoy up (keep afloat)

chock (support on chocks)

carry (bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of)

block (support, secure, or raise with a block)

scaffold (provide with a scaffold for support)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 6sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Admit as valid

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Context example:

The court sustained the motion

Hypernyms (to "sustain" is one way to...):

acknowledge; admit (declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 7sustain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

substantiate; corroborate; confirm; affirm; support; sustain

Context examples:

his story confirmed my doubts / The evidence supports the defendant

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sustain"):

back; back up (establish as valid or genuine)

vouch (give supporting evidence)

verify (confirm the truth of)

demonstrate; establish; prove; shew; show (establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment)

document (support or supply with references)

validate (prove valid; show or confirm the validity of something)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


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