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SURPRISE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does surprise mean? 

SURPRISE (noun)
  The noun SURPRISE has 3 senses:

1. the astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you
2. a sudden unexpected event
3. the act of surprising someone

  Familiarity information: SURPRISE used as a noun is uncommon.


SURPRISE (verb)
  The verb SURPRISE has 3 senses:

1. cause to be surprised
2. come upon or take unawares
3. attack by storm; attack suddenly

  Familiarity information: SURPRISE used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


SURPRISE (noun)


Sense 1surprise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The astonishment you feel when something totally unexpected happens to you

Classified under:

Nouns denoting feelings and emotions

Hypernyms ("surprise" is a kind of...):

amazement; astonishment (the feeling that accompanies something extremely surprising)


Sense 2surprise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A sudden unexpected event

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Hypernyms ("surprise" is a kind of...):

alteration; change; modification (an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "surprise"):

bombshell; thunderbolt; thunderclap (a shocking surprise)

coup de theatre (a dramatic surprise)

eye opener (something surprising and revealing)

peripeteia; peripetia; peripety (a sudden and unexpected change of fortune or reverse of circumstances (especially in a literary work))

blow; shock (an unpleasant or disappointing surprise)

stunner (an unexpected and amazing event)


Sense 3surprise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of surprising someone

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

surprisal; surprise

Hypernyms ("surprise" is a kind of...):

disruption; perturbation (the act of causing disorder)


SURPRISE (verb)


Sense 1surprise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause to be surprised

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Context example:

The news really surprised me

Hypernyms (to "surprise" is one way to...):

affect; impress; move; strike (have an emotional or cognitive impact upon)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "surprise"):

ball over; blow out of the water; floor; shock; stun; take aback (surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off)

boggle; bowl over; flabbergast (overcome with amazement)

catch (discover or come upon accidentally, suddenly, or unexpectedly; catch somebody doing something or in a certain state)

explode a bombshell (utter or do something surprising)

amaze; astonish; astound (affect with wonder)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody

Sentence examples:

The bad news will surprise him
The good news will surprise her


Sense 2surprise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Come upon or take unawares

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Context examples:

She surprised the couple / He surprised an interesting scene

Hypernyms (to "surprise" is one way to...):

act; move (perform an action, or work out or perform (an action))

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "surprise"):

blindside (catch unawares, especially with harmful consequences)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody

Sentence example:

Sam cannot surprise Sue


Sense 3surprise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Attack by storm; attack suddenly

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

surprise; storm

Hypernyms (to "surprise" is one way to...):

assail; attack (launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"In for a dime, in for a dollar." (English proverb)

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"For smart people, signs can replace words." (Arabic proverb)

"The word goes out but the message is lost." (Corsican proverb)

 SURPRISE: related words searches 

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