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Audio English.org » Dictionary » S » Sulfur Bottom ... Summation

SUM (summed, summing)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does sum mean? 

SUM (noun)
  The noun SUM has 7 senses:

1. a quantity of money
2. a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
3. the final aggregate
4. the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
5. the whole amount
6. the basic unit of money in Uzbekistan
7. a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets

  Familiarity information: SUM used as a noun is common.


SUM (verb)
  The verb SUM has 2 senses:

1. be a summary of
2. determine the sum of

  Familiarity information: SUM used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


SUM (noun)


Sense 1sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A quantity of money

Classified under:

Nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession

Synonyms:

amount of money; sum; sum of money; amount

Context examples:

he borrowed a large sum / the amount he had in cash was insufficient

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

assets (anything of material value or usefulness that is owned by a person or company)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sum"):

purse (a sum of money offered as a prize)

peanuts (an insignificant sum of money; a trifling amount)

payroll; paysheet (the total amount of money paid in wages)

advance; cash advance (an amount paid before it is earned)

coverage; insurance coverage (the total amount and type of insurance carried)

figure (an amount of money expressed numerically)

loss; red; red ink (the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue)

defalcation (the sum of money that is misappropriated)

deductible ((taxes) an amount that can be deducted (especially for the purposes of calculating income tax))

contribution (an amount of money contributed)

cash surrender value (the amount that the insurance company will pay on a given life insurance policy if the policy is cancelled prior to the death of the insured)

gain (the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating)

purse (a sum of money spoken of as the contents of a money purse)


Sense 2sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

total; sum; amount

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

quantity (something that has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sum"):

grand total (the sum of the sums of several groups of numbers)

subtotal (the sum of part of a group of numbers)


Sense 3sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The final aggregate

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

sum total; summation; sum

Context example:

the sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

accumulation; aggregation; assemblage; collection (several things grouped together or considered as a whole)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sum"):

aggregate; congeries; conglomeration (a sum total of many heterogenous things taken together)


Sense 4sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

nitty-gritty; inwardness; heart and soul; essence; gist; pith; kernel; substance; meat; nub; sum; core; center; marrow; heart

Context examples:

the gist of the prosecutor's argument / the heart and soul of the Republican Party / the nub of the story

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

cognitive content; content; mental object (the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sum"):

bare bones ((plural) the most basic facts or elements)

hypostasis ((metaphysics) essential nature or underlying reality)

haecceity; quiddity (the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other)

quintessence (the purest and most concentrated essence of something)

stuff (a critically important or characteristic component)


Sense 5sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The whole amount

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

total; aggregate; totality; sum

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

unit; whole (an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity)


Sense 6sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The basic unit of money in Uzbekistan

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

Uzbekistani monetary unit (monetary unit in Uzbekistan)


Sense 7sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

join; sum; union

Context example:

let C be the union of the sets A and B

Hypernyms ("sum" is a kind of...):

set (a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sum"):

direct sum (a union of two disjoint sets in which every element is the sum of an element from each of the disjoint sets)


SUM (verb)


Sense 1sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be a summary of

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Synonyms:

sum; summarise; sum up; summarize

Context example:

The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper

Hypernyms (to "sum" is one way to...):

say; state; tell (express in words)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 2sum [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Determine the sum of

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

tote up; add together; tot up; summate; tot; total; add up; sum; sum up; tally; add

Context example:

Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town

Hypernyms (to "sum" is one way to...):

count; enumerate; number; numerate (determine the number or amount of)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


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 SUM: related words searches 

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