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SUBJECT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does subject mean? 

SUBJECT (noun)
  The noun SUBJECT has 8 senses:

1. the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
2. some situation or event that is thought about
3. a branch of knowledge
4. something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation
5. a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation
6. a person who owes allegiance to that nation
7. (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
8. (logic) the first term of a proposition

  Familiarity information: SUBJECT used as a noun is common.


SUBJECT (adjective)
  The adjective SUBJECT has 4 senses:

1. not exempt from tax
2. possibly accepting or permitting
3. being under the power or sovereignty of another or others
4. likely to be affected by something (especially something unpleasant)

  Familiarity information: SUBJECT used as an adjective is uncommon.


SUBJECT (verb)
  The verb SUBJECT has 4 senses:

1. cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
2. make accountable for
3. make subservient; force to submit or subdue
4. refer for judgment or consideration

  Familiarity information: SUBJECT used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


SUBJECT (noun)


Sense 1subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The subject matter of a conversation or discussion

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

topic; theme; subject

Context examples:

he didn't want to discuss that subject / it was a very sensitive topic / his letters were always on the theme of love

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

content; message; subject matter; substance (what a communication that is about something is about)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "subject"):

keynote (the principal theme in a speech or literary work)

head; question (the subject matter at issue)

precedent (a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time))

bone of contention (the subject of a dispute)


Sense 2subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Some situation or event that is thought about

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

topic; subject; matter; issue

Context examples:

he kept drifting off the topic / he had been thinking about the subject for several years / it is a matter for the police

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

cognitive content; content; mental object (the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "subject"):

blind spot (a subject about which you are ignorant or prejudiced and fail to exercise good judgment)

res adjudicata; res judicata (a matter already settled in court; cannot be raised again)

area (a subject of study)


Sense 3subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A branch of knowledge

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

subject field; subject area; field of study; discipline; branch of knowledge; bailiwick; subject; field; study

Context examples:

in what discipline is his doctorate? / teachers should be well trained in their subject / anthropology is the study of human beings

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

knowledge base; knowledge domain (the content of a particular domain or field of knowledge)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "subject"):

futuristics; futurology (the study or prediction of future developments on the basis of existing conditions)

arts; humanistic discipline; humanities; liberal arts (studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills))

divinity; theology (the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth)

military science (the discipline dealing with the principles of warfare)

escapology (the study of methods of escaping (especially as a form of entertainment))

graphology (the study of handwriting (especially as an indicator of the writer's character or disposition))

numerology (the study of the supposed occult influence of numbers on human affairs)

protology (the study of origins and first things)

theogony (the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods)

applied science; engineering; engineering science; technology (the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems)

architecture (the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings)

occultism (the study of the supernatural)

communication theory; communications (the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.))

major (the principal field of study of a student at a university)

frontier (an undeveloped field of study; a topic inviting research and development)

genealogy (the study or investigation of ancestry and family history)

allometry (the study of the relative growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole)

bibliotics (the scientific study of documents and handwriting etc. especially to determine authorship or authenticity)

ology (an informal word (abstracted from words with this ending) for some unidentified branch of knowledge)

science; scientific discipline (a particular branch of scientific knowledge)


Sense 4subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

depicted object; subject; content

Context example:

a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

thing (a separate and self-contained entity)

Holonyms ("subject" is a part of...):

scene; view (graphic art consisting of the graphic or photographic representation of a visual percept)


Sense 5subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

guinea pig; subject; case

Context examples:

the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly / the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

individual; mortal; person; somebody; someone; soul (a human being)


Sense 6subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A person who owes allegiance to that nation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

national; subject

Context example:

a monarch has a duty to his subjects

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

individual; mortal; person; somebody; someone; soul (a human being)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "subject"):

nationalist; patriot (one who loves and defends his or her country)

compatriot (a person from your own country)

citizen (a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community)

Holonyms ("subject" is a member of...):

country; land; nation (the people who live in a nation or country)


Sense 7subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

constituent; grammatical constituent ((grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction)

Domain category:

grammar (the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics or morphology))


Sense 8subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(logic) the first term of a proposition

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("subject" is a kind of...):

term (one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition)

Domain category:

logic (the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference)


SUBJECT (adjective)


Sense 1subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Not exempt from tax

Context example:

the gift will be subject to taxation

Similar:

nonexempt; taxable ((of goods or funds) subject to taxation)


Sense 2subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Possibly accepting or permitting

Synonyms:

capable; subject; open

Context examples:

a passage capable of misinterpretation / open to interpretation / an issue open to question / the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation

Similar:

susceptible ((often followed by 'of' or 'to') yielding readily to or capable of)


Sense 3subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Being under the power or sovereignty of another or others

Synonyms:

subject; dependent

Context examples:

subject peoples / a dependent prince

Similar:

subordinate (subject or submissive to authority or the control of another)


Sense 4subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Likely to be affected by something (especially something unpleasant)

Context examples:

the bond is subject to taxation / he is subject to fits of depression

Similar:

affected (acted upon; influenced)


SUBJECT (verb)


Sense 1subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Context examples:

He subjected me to his awful poetry / The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills / People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation

Hypernyms (to "subject" is one way to...):

affect; bear on; bear upon; impact; touch; touch on (have an effect upon)

Cause:

experience; go through; see; undergo (go or live through)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "subject"):

incur (make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to)

expose (expose to light, of photographic film)

expose (expose or make accessible to some action or influence)

refract (subject to refraction)

shipwreck (cause to experience shipwreck)

put (cause (someone) to undergo something)

vitriol (expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol)

bacterise; bacterize (subject to the action of bacteria)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody PP
Somebody ----s something PP


Sense 2subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make accountable for

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Context example:

He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors

Hypernyms (to "subject" is one way to...):

submit (yield to the control of another)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody


Sense 3subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make subservient; force to submit or subdue

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

subjugate; subject

Hypernyms (to "subject" is one way to...):

dominate; master (have dominance or the power to defeat over)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "subject"):

dragoon (subjugate by imposing troops)

enslave (make a slave of; bring into servitude)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody


Sense 4subject [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Refer for judgment or consideration

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

submit; subject

Context example:

She submitted a proposal to the agency

Hypernyms (to "subject" is one way to...):

refer (send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "subject"):

give (submit for consideration, judgment, or use)

return (submit (a report, etc.) to someone in authority)

pass on; relegate; submit (refer to another person for decision or judgment)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s something to somebody


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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"He who sleeps cannot catch fish." (Corsican proverb)

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