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STRAIN

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does strain mean? 

STRAIN (noun)
  The noun STRAIN has 12 senses:

1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
2. difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
3. a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
4. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
5. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species
6. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
7. a lineage or race of people
8. injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
9. the general meaning or substance of an utterance
10. an effortful attempt to attain a goal
11. an intense or violent exertion
12. the act of singing

  Familiarity information: STRAIN used as a noun is familiar.


STRAIN (verb)
  The verb STRAIN has 9 senses:

1. to exert much effort or energy
2. test the limits of
3. use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity
4. separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements
5. cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
6. become stretched or tense or taught
7. remove by passing through a filter
8. rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
9. alter the shape of (something) by stress

  Familiarity information: STRAIN used as a verb is familiar.


 Dictionary entry details 


STRAIN (noun)


Sense 1strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

deformation (alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it)

Domain category:

natural philosophy; physical science; physics (the science of matter and energy and their interactions)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

overstrain (too much strain)


Sense 2strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

strain; stress

Context examples:

she endured the stresses and strains of life / he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

difficulty (a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome)


Sense 3strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

tune; melody; melodic phrase; melodic line; strain; air; line

Context example:

she was humming an air from Beethoven

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

music (an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner)

Meronyms (parts of "strain"):

musical phrase; phrase (a short musical passage)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

part; voice (the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music)

idea; melodic theme; musical theme; theme ((music) melodic subject of a musical composition)

signature; signature tune; theme song (a melody used to identify a performer or a dance band or radio/tv program)

theme song (a melody that recurs and comes to represent a musical play or movie)

leitmotif; leitmotiv (a melodic phrase that accompanies the reappearance of a person or situation (as in Wagner's operas))

roulade ((music) an elaborate run of several notes sung to one syllable)

glissando (a rapid series of ascending or descending notes on the musical scale)

fanfare; flourish; tucket ((music) a short lively tune played on brass instruments)


Sense 4strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

nervous strain; mental strain; strain

Context examples:

his responsibilities were a constant strain / the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

nerves; nervousness (an uneasy psychological state)

Domain category:

psychological science; psychology (the science of mental life)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

stress; tenseness; tension ((psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense)


Sense 5strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A special variety of domesticated animals within a species

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

breed; strain; stock

Context examples:

he experimented on a particular breed of white rats / he created a new strain of sheep

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

variety ((biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics)

animal group (a group of animals)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

bloodstock (thoroughbred horses (collectively))

pedigree (line of descent of a purebred animal)

Holonyms ("strain" is a member of...):

species ((biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed)


Sense 6strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

var.; variant; strain; form

Context example:

a new strain of microorganisms

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

taxon; taxonomic category; taxonomic group (animal or plant group having natural relations)

Domain category:

biological science; biology (the science that studies living organisms)

Holonyms ("strain" is a member of...):

species ((biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed)


Sense 7strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A lineage or race of people

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

breed; strain

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

ancestry; derivation; filiation; lineage (inherited properties shared with others of your bloodline)


Sense 8strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

harm; hurt; injury; trauma (any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.)


Sense 9strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The general meaning or substance of an utterance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

tenor; strain

Context example:

although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

meaning; substance (the idea that is intended)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

drift; purport (the pervading meaning or tenor)


Sense 10strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An effortful attempt to attain a goal

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

striving; pains; nisus; strain

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

attempt; effort; endeavor; endeavour; try (earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

jehad; jihad (a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal)


Sense 11strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An intense or violent exertion

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

straining; strain

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

effort; elbow grease; exertion; sweat; travail (use of physical or mental energy; hard work)


Sense 12strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of singing

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

song; strain

Context example:

with a shout and a song they marched up to the gates

Hypernyms ("strain" is a kind of...):

vocal music (music that is vocalized (as contrasted with instrumental music))

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "strain"):

carol (a joyful song (usually celebrating the birth of Christ))

cradlesong; lullaby (a quiet song that lulls a child to sleep)


STRAIN (verb)


Sense 1strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

To exert much effort or energy

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

strain; strive; reach

Context example:

straining our ears to hear

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

drive; labor; labour; push; tug (strive and make an effort to reach a goal)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "strain"):

extend oneself (strain to the utmost)

kill oneself; overexert oneself (strain oneself more than is healthy)

bother; inconvenience oneself; trouble; trouble oneself (take the trouble to do something; concern oneself)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s PP


Sense 2strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Test the limits of

Classified under:

Verbs of feeling

Synonyms:

strain; stress; try

Context example:

You are trying my patience!

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

afflict (cause great unhappiness for; distress)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "strain"):

rack (stretch to the limits)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 3strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

strain; extend

Context examples:

He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro / Don't strain your mind too much

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

apply; employ; use; utilise; utilize (put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "strain"):

task; tax (use to the limit)

overextend; overstrain (strain excessively)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 4strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

sift; sieve; strain

Context example:

sift the flour

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

separate (divide into components or constituents)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "strain"):

rice (sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice)

resift (sift anew)

riddle; screen (separate with a riddle, as grain from chaff)

fan; winnow (separate the chaff from by using air currents)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 5strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

tense up; tense; strain

Context example:

he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

affect (act physically on; have an effect upon)

Cause:

tense; tense up (become tense, nervous, or uneasy)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "strain"):

extend; stretch (extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s somebody

Antonym:

unstrain (cause to feel relaxed)


Sense 6strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Become stretched or tense or taught

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

tense; strain

Context examples:

the bodybuilder's neck muscles tensed; / the rope strained when the weight was attached

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

tighten (become tight or tighter)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s


Sense 7strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Remove by passing through a filter

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

filter; filter out; filtrate; separate out; strain

Context example:

filter out the impurities

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

separate (divide into components or constituents)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 8strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

puree; strain

Context example:

puree the vegetables for the baby

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

rub (move over something with pressure)

Domain category:

cookery; cooking; preparation (the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 9strain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Alter the shape of (something) by stress

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

distort; deform; strain

Context example:

His body was deformed by leprosy

Hypernyms (to "strain" is one way to...):

form; shape (give shape or form to)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "strain"):

jaundice (distort adversely)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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"An understanding person needs only half a word." (Dutch proverb)

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