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STEROID

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does steroid mean? 

STEROID (noun)
  The noun STEROID has 2 senses:

1. any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects
2. any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs

  Familiarity information: STEROID used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


STEROID (noun)


Sense 1steroid [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Hypernyms ("steroid" is a kind of...):

organic compound (any compound of carbon and another element or a radical)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "steroid"):

ketosteroid (a steroid containing a ketone group)

steroid alcohol; sterol (any of a group of natural steroid alcohols derived from plants or animals; they are waxy insoluble substances)

bile acid (any of the steroid acids generated in the liver and stored with bile)

cardiac glucoside; cardiac glycoside (obtained from a number of plants and used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure)


Sense 2steroid [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Synonyms:

sex hormone; steroid hormone; steroid

Hypernyms ("steroid" is a kind of...):

endocrine; hormone; internal secretion (the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "steroid"):

progestin; progestogen (any of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone)

androgen; androgenic hormone (male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical male sexual characteristics)

estrogen; oestrogen (a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics)

adrenal cortical steroid; corticoid; corticosteroid (a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response)

anabolic steroid (any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones used to stimulate muscle and bone growth; more than 100 have been developed and each requires a prescription to be used legally in the United States; sometimes used illicitly by athletes to increase their strength)


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