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STAIN

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does stain mean? 

STAIN (noun)
  The noun STAIN has 5 senses:

1. a soiled or discolored appearance
2. (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
3. the state of being covered with unclean things
4. a symbol of disgrace or infamy
5. an act that brings discredit to the person who does it

  Familiarity information: STAIN used as a noun is common.


STAIN (verb)
  The verb STAIN has 4 senses:

1. color with a liquid dye or tint
2. produce or leave stains
3. make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically
4. color for microscopic study

  Familiarity information: STAIN used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


STAIN (noun)


Sense 1stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A soiled or discolored appearance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

stain; discolouration; discoloration

Context example:

the wine left a dark stain

Hypernyms ("stain" is a kind of...):

appearance; visual aspect (outward or visible aspect of a person or thing)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "stain"):

scorch (a discoloration caused by heat)

tarnish (discoloration of metal surface caused by oxidation)

oil stain (a stain produced by oil)

mud stain (a stain produced by mud)

iron mold; iron mould (a spot caused the staining with rust or ink)

bloodstain (a discoloration caused by blood)


Sense 2stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Hypernyms ("stain" is a kind of...):

color; coloring material; colour; colouring material (any material used for its color)

Domain category:

microscopy (research with the use of microscopes)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "stain"):

counterstain (a stain of contrasting color that is used when the principal stain does not show the structure clearly)

methylene blue; methylthionine chloride (a dark green dye used as a stain, an antiseptic, a chemical indicator, and an antidote in cyanide poisoning)

crystal violet; gentian violet (a green crystal (violet in water) used as a dye or stain or bactericide or fungicide or anthelmintic or burn treatment)


Sense 3stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The state of being covered with unclean things

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

soil; grunge; grime; grease; filth; dirt; stain

Hypernyms ("stain" is a kind of...):

dirtiness; uncleanness (the state of being unsanitary)


Sense 4stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A symbol of disgrace or infamy

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

stigma; stain; brand; mark

Context example:

And the Lord set a mark upon Cain

Hypernyms ("stain" is a kind of...):

symbol (an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "stain"):

demerit (a mark against a person for misconduct or failure; usually given in school or armed forces)

bar sinister; bend sinister (a mark of bastardy; lines from top right to bottom left)

cloven foot; cloven hoof (the mark of Satan)


Sense 5stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An act that brings discredit to the person who does it

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

blot; smirch; smear; stain; spot

Context example:

he made a huge blot on his copybook

Hypernyms ("stain" is a kind of...):

error; fault; mistake (a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention)


STAIN (verb)


Sense 1stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Color with a liquid dye or tint

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context examples:

Stain this table a beautiful walnut color / people knew how to stain glass a beautiful blue in the middle ages

Hypernyms (to "stain" is one way to...):

dye (color with dye)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "stain"):

ebonise; ebonize (stain black to make it look like ebony)

dip (stain an object by immersing it in a liquid)

tattoo (stain (skin) with indelible color)

marble (paint or stain like marble)

vein (make a veinlike pattern)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 2stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Produce or leave stains

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context example:

Red wine stains the table cloth

Hypernyms (to "stain" is one way to...):

alter; change; modify (cause to change; make different; cause a transformation)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "stain"):

smut (stain with a dirty substance, such as soot)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s


Sense 3stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

maculate; tarnish; defile; sully; stain

Context examples:

The silver was tarnished by the long exposure to the air / Her reputation was sullied after the affair with a married man

Hypernyms (to "stain" is one way to...):

blob; blot; fleck; spot (make a spot or mark onto)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "stain"):

darken (tarnish or stain)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 4stain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Color for microscopic study

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context example:

The laboratory worker dyed the specimen

Hypernyms (to "stain" is one way to...):

dye (color with dye)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


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 STAIN: related words searches 

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