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SPONGE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does sponge mean? 

SPONGE (noun)
  The noun SPONGE has 4 senses:

1. a porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used
2. someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily
3. a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage
4. primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies

  Familiarity information: SPONGE used as a noun is uncommon.


SPONGE (verb)
  The verb SPONGE has 5 senses:

1. wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten
2. ask for and get free; be a parasite
3. erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard
4. soak up with a sponge
5. gather sponges, in the ocean

  Familiarity information: SPONGE used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


SPONGE (noun)


Sense 1sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Hypernyms ("sponge" is a kind of...):

absorbent; absorbent material (a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance)


Sense 2sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

quick study; sponge

Context example:

she soaks up foreign languages like a sponge

Hypernyms ("sponge" is a kind of...):

assimilator; learner; scholar (someone (especially a child) who learns (as from a teacher) or takes up knowledge or beliefs)


Sense 3sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

leech; parasite; sponger; sponge

Hypernyms ("sponge" is a kind of...):

follower (a person who accepts the leadership of another)


Sense 4sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies

Classified under:

Nouns denoting animals

Synonyms:

parazoan; poriferan; sponge

Hypernyms ("sponge" is a kind of...):

invertebrate (any animal lacking a backbone or notochord; the term is not used as a scientific classification)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sponge"):

glass sponge (a siliceous sponge (with glassy spicules) of the class Hyalospongiae)

Holonyms ("sponge" is a member of...):

phylum Porifera; Porifera (coextensive with the subkingdom Parazoa: sponges)


SPONGE (verb)


Sense 1sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Hypernyms (to "sponge" is one way to...):

pass over; wipe (rub with a circular motion)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Ask for and get free; be a parasite

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

bum; cadge; grub; mooch; sponge

Hypernyms (to "sponge" is one way to...):

obtain (come into possession of)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sponge"):

freeload (live off somebody's generosity)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something


Sense 3sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Hypernyms (to "sponge" is one way to...):

efface; erase; rub out; score out; wipe off (remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 4sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Soak up with a sponge

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Hypernyms (to "sponge" is one way to...):

mop; mop up; wipe up (to wash or wipe with or as if with a mop)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 5sponge [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Gather sponges, in the ocean

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Hypernyms (to "sponge" is one way to...):

collect; garner; gather; pull together (assemble or get together)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s PP

Sentence example:

In the summer they like to go out and sponge


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"It's often a person's mouth broke their nose." (English proverb)

"There is no household without domestic fight" (Breton proverb)

"A book is like a garden carried in the pocket." (Arabic proverb)

"Half an egg is better than an empty shell." (Dutch proverb)

 SPONGE: related words searches 

 Related FAQs: 
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