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SPIRIT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does spirit mean? 

SPIRIT (noun)
  The noun SPIRIT has 8 senses:

1. the vital principle or animating force within living things
2. the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people
3. a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character
4. any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings
5. the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection)
6. the intended meaning of a communication
7. animation and energy in action or expression
8. an inclination or tendency of a certain kind

  Familiarity information: SPIRIT used as a noun is common.


SPIRIT (verb)
  The verb SPIRIT has 1 sense:

1. infuse with spirit

  Familiarity information: SPIRIT used as a verb is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


SPIRIT (noun)


Sense 1spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The vital principle or animating force within living things

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

life principle; vital principle (a hypothetical force to which the functions and qualities peculiar to living things are sometimes ascribed)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "spirit"):

psyche; soul (the immaterial part of a person; the actuating cause of an individual life)


Sense 2spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

flavor; flavour; feel; spirit; smell; feeling; look; tone

Context examples:

the feel of the city excited him / a clergyman improved the tone of the meeting / it had the smell of treason

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

ambiance; ambience; atmosphere (a particular environment or surrounding influence)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "spirit"):

Hollywood (a flashy vulgar tone or atmosphere believed to be characteristic of the American film industry)

Zeitgeist (the spirit of the time; the spirit characteristic of an age or generation)


Sense 3spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

character; fiber; fibre (the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "spirit"):

braveness; bravery; courage; courageousness (a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain without showing fear)

cowardice; cowardliness (the trait of lacking courage)


Sense 4spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

disembodied spirit; spirit

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

spiritual being; supernatural being (an incorporeal being believed to have powers to affect the course of human events)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "spirit"):

kachina (a deified spirit of the Pueblo people)

numen (a spirit believed to inhabit an object or preside over a place (especially in ancient Roman religion))

python (a soothsaying spirit or a person who is possessed by such a spirit)

silvan; sylvan (a spirit that lives in or frequents the woods)

thunderbird ((mythology) the spirit of thunder and lightning believed by some Native Americans to take the shape of a great bird)

zombi; zombi spirit; zombie; zombie spirit ((voodooism) a spirit or supernatural force that reanimates a dead body)

presence (an invisible spiritual being felt to be nearby)

apparition; fantasm; phantasm; phantasma; phantom; specter; spectre (a ghostly appearing figure)

control (a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance)

evil spirit (a spirit tending to cause harm)

banshee; banshie ((Irish folklore) a female spirit who wails to warn of impending death)

djinni; djinny; genie; jinnee; jinni ((Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals)

familiar; familiar spirit (a spirit (usually in animal form) that acts as an assistant to a witch or wizard)

peri ((Persian folklore) a supernatural being descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until penance is done)


Sense 5spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

emotional state; spirit

Context examples:

his emotional state depended on her opinion / he was in good spirits / his spirit rose

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

emotion (any strong feeling)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "spirit"):

unhappiness (state characterized by emotions ranging from mild discontentment to deep grief)

state (a state of depression or agitation)

felicity; happiness (state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy)

gratification; satisfaction (state of being gratified; great satisfaction)

ecstasy; exaltation; rapture; raptus; transport (a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion)

embarrassment (the state of being embarrassed (usually by some financial inadequacy))


Sense 6spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The intended meaning of a communication

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

purport; intent; spirit

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

import; meaning; significance; signification (the message that is intended or expressed or signified)


Sense 7spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Animation and energy in action or expression

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

sprightliness; liveliness; spirit; life

Context example:

it was a heavy play and the actors tried in vain to give life to it

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

animation; brio; invigoration; spiritedness; vivification (quality of being active or spirited or alive and vigorous)

Attribute:

lively (full of life and energy)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "spirit"):

ginger; pep; peppiness (liveliness and energy)

ebullience; enthusiasm; exuberance (overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval)

high-spiritedness (exuberant liveliness)

buoyancy; irrepressibility (irrepressible liveliness and good spirit)

breeziness; jauntiness (a breezy liveliness)

esprit (liveliness of mind or spirit)

elan (enthusiastic and assured vigor and liveliness)

energy; muscularity; vigor; vigour; vim (an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing))

alacrity; briskness; smartness (liveliness and eagerness)

airiness; delicacy (lightness in movement or manner)

pertness (quality of being lively and confident)


Sense 8spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An inclination or tendency of a certain kind

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

heart; spirit

Context example:

he had a change of heart

Hypernyms ("spirit" is a kind of...):

disposition; temperament (your usual mood)


SPIRIT (verb)


Sense 1spirit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Infuse with spirit

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

inspirit; spirit; spirit up

Context example:

The company spirited him up

Hypernyms (to "spirit" is one way to...):

animate; enliven; invigorate; liven; liven up (make lively)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Strike while the iron is hot." (English proverb)

"A man must make his own arrows." (Native American proverb, Winnebago)

"Live together like brothers and do business like strangers." (Arabic proverb)

"Comparing apples and pears." (Dutch proverb)

 SPIRIT: related words searches 

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