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Audio English.org » Dictionary » S » Soft Roe ... Soiling

SOIL

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does soil mean? 

SOIL (noun)
  The noun SOIL has 4 senses:

1. the state of being covered with unclean things
2. the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
3. material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
4. the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state

  Familiarity information: SOIL used as a noun is uncommon.


SOIL (verb)
  The verb SOIL has 1 sense:

1. make soiled, filthy, or dirty

  Familiarity information: SOIL used as a verb is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


SOIL (noun)


Sense 1soil [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The state of being covered with unclean things

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

soil; grunge; grime; grease; filth; dirt; stain

Hypernyms ("soil" is a kind of...):

dirtiness; uncleanness (the state of being unsanitary)


Sense 2soil [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Synonyms:

dirt; soil

Hypernyms ("soil" is a kind of...):

earth; ground (the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "soil"):

bole (a soft oily clay used as a pigment (especially a reddish brown pigment))

clay; mud (water soaked soil; soft wet earth)

mold; mould (loose soil rich in organic matter)

loess (a fine-grained unstratified accumulation of clay and silt deposited by the wind)

loam (a rich soil consisting of a mixture of sand and clay and decaying organic materials)

laterite (a red soil produced by rock decay; contains insoluble deposits of ferric and aluminum oxides)

podsol; podsol soil; podsolic soil; podzol; podzol soil (a soil that develops in temperate to cold moist climates under coniferous or heath vegetation; an organic mat over a grey leached layer)

prairie soil (a type of soil occurring under grasses in temperate climates)

sand (a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral)

sedimentary clay (clay soil formed by sedimentary deposits)

silt (mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake)

boulder clay; till (unstratified soil deposited by a glacier; consists of sand and clay and gravel and boulders mixed together)

tundra soil (a black mucky soil with a frozen subsoil that is characteristic of arctic and subarctic regions)

wiesenboden (a dark meadow soil rich in organic material; developed through poor drainage in humid grassy or sedge regions)

Indian red (a red soil containing ferric oxide; often used as a pigment)

indurated clay (hardened clay)

humus (partially decomposed organic matter; the organic component of soil)

marl (a loose and crumbling earthy deposit consisting mainly of calcite or dolomite; used as a fertilizer for soils deficient in lime)

regosol (a type of soil consisting of unconsolidated material from freshly deposited alluvium or sand)

residual clay; residual soil (the soil that is remaining after the soluble elements have been dissolved)

surface soil; topsoil (the layer of soil on the surface)

subsoil; undersoil (the layer of soil between the topsoil and bedrock)

alluvial soil (a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds)

bog soil (poorly drained soils on top of peat and under marsh or swamp vegetation)

clay (a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired)

gumbo; gumbo soil (any of various fine-grained silty soils that become waxy and very sticky mud when saturated with water)

gilgai soil (soil in the melon holes of Australia)

fuller's earth (an absorbent soil resembling clay; used in fulling (shrinking and thickening) woolen cloth and as an adsorbent)

caliche; hardpan (crust or layer of hard subsoil encrusted with calcium-carbonate occurring in arid or semiarid regions)

desert soil; desertic soil (a type of soil that develops in arid climates)

clunch (hardened clay)


Sense 3soil [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural objects (not man-made)

Synonyms:

land; soil; ground

Context examples:

the land had never been plowed / good agricultural soil

Hypernyms ("soil" is a kind of...):

object; physical object (a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "soil"):

badlands (deeply eroded barren land)

wetland (a low area where the land is saturated with water)

greensward; sod; sward; turf (surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots)

scablands ((geology) flat elevated land with poor soil and little vegetation that is scarred by dry channels of glacial origin (especially in eastern Washington))

rangeland (land suitable for grazing livestock)

polder (low-lying land that has been reclaimed and is protected by dikes (especially in the Netherlands))

permafrost (ground that is permanently frozen)

overburden (the surface soil that must be moved away to get at coal seams and mineral deposits)

cultivated land; farmland; ploughland; plowland; tillage; tilled land; tilth (arable land that is worked by plowing and sowing and raising crops)

coastland (land in a coastal area)

bottom; bottomland (low-lying alluvial land near a river)


Sense 4soil [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The geographical area under the jurisdiction of a sovereign state

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

territory; soil

Context example:

American troops were stationed on Japanese soil

Hypernyms ("soil" is a kind of...):

geographic area; geographic region; geographical area; geographical region (a demarcated area of the Earth)


SOIL (verb)


Sense 1soil [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make soiled, filthy, or dirty

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

grime; dirty; colly; bemire; begrime; soil

Context example:

don't soil your clothes when you play outside!

Hypernyms (to "soil" is one way to...):

alter; change; modify (cause to change; make different; cause a transformation)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "soil"):

crock (soil with or as with crock)

mire; muck; muck up; mud (soil with mud, muck, or mire)

splash (soil or stain with a splashed liquid)

muddy; muddy up (dirty with mud)

slime (cover or stain with slime)

smear (stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance)

contaminate; foul; pollute (make impure)

foul (make unclean)

blemish; spot (mar or impair with a flaw)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


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 SOIL: related words searches 

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