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SHAM (shammed, shamming)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does sham mean? 

SHAM (noun)
  The noun SHAM has 2 senses:

1. something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
2. a person who makes deceitful pretenses

  Familiarity information: SHAM used as a noun is rare.


SHAM (adjective)
  The adjective SHAM has 1 sense:

1. adopted in order to deceive

  Familiarity information: SHAM used as an adjective is very rare.


SHAM (verb)
  The verb SHAM has 2 senses:

1. make a pretence of
2. make believe with the intent to deceive

  Familiarity information: SHAM used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


SHAM (noun)


Sense 1sham [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

fake; sham; postiche

Hypernyms ("sham" is a kind of...):

counterfeit; forgery; imitation (a copy that is represented as the original)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sham"):

fake book (a fake in the form of an imitation book; used to fill bookcases of people who wish to appear scholarly)


Sense 2sham [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A person who makes deceitful pretenses

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

pseud; role player; impostor; imposter; pseudo; faker; shammer; sham; pretender; fraud; fake

Hypernyms ("sham" is a kind of...):

beguiler; cheat; cheater; deceiver; slicker; trickster (someone who leads you to believe something that is not true)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "sham"):

name dropper (someone who pretends that famous people are his/her friends)

ringer (a contestant entered in a competition under false pretenses)


SHAM (adjective)


Sense 1sham [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Adopted in order to deceive

Synonyms:

put on; pretended; fictive; sham; fictitious; assumed; false

Context examples:

an assumed name / an assumed cheerfulness / a fictitious address / fictive sympathy / a pretended interest / a put-on childish voice / sham modesty

Similar:

counterfeit; imitative (not genuine; imitating something superior)


SHAM (verb)


Sense 1sham [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make a pretence of

Classified under:

Verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing

Synonyms:

sham; feign; simulate; assume

Context examples:

She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger / he feigned sleep

Hypernyms (to "sham" is one way to...):

act; dissemble; pretend (behave unnaturally or affectedly)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sham"):

play (pretend to be somebody in the framework of a game or playful activity)

feint (deceive by a mock action)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2sham [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make believe with the intent to deceive

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

pretend; feign; dissemble; sham; affect

Context examples:

He feigned that he was ill / He shammed a headache

Hypernyms (to "sham" is one way to...):

belie; misrepresent (represent falsely)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "sham"):

play possum (to pretend to be dead)

take a dive (pretend to be knocked out, as of a boxer)

bull; bullshit; fake (talk through one's hat)

mouth (articulate silently; form words with the lips only)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE


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 SHAM: related words searches 

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