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SHAFT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does shaft mean? 

SHAFT (noun)
  The noun SHAFT has 12 senses:

1. a line that forms the length of an arrow pointer
2. an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect
3. a long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow)
4. a column of light (as from a beacon)
5. the main (mid) section of a long bone
6. obscene terms for penis
7. a long pointed rod used as a weapon
8. a vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator)
9. (architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column
10. a vertical passage into a mine
11. a revolving rod that transmits power or motion
12. the hollow spine of a feather

  Familiarity information: SHAFT used as a noun is familiar.


SHAFT (verb)
  The verb SHAFT has 2 senses:

1. equip with a shaft
2. defeat someone in an expectation through trickery or deceit

  Familiarity information: SHAFT used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


SHAFT (noun)


Sense 1shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A line that forms the length of an arrow pointer

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

line (a mark that is long relative to its width)

Holonyms ("shaft" is a part of...):

arrow; pointer (a mark to indicate a direction or relation)


Sense 2shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

jibe; gibe; barb; dig; shaft; slam; shot

Context examples:

his parting shot was 'drop dead' / she threw shafts of sarcasm / she takes a dig at me every chance she gets

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

comment; remark (a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

cheap shot (an unnecessarily aggressive and unfair remark directed at a defenseless person)


Sense 3shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A long rod or pole (especially the handle of an implement or the body of a weapon like a spear or arrow)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

rod (a long thin implement made of metal or wood)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

thill (one of two shafts extending from the body of a cart or carriage on either side of the animal that pulls it)

axle (a shaft on which a wheel rotates)


Sense 4shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A column of light (as from a beacon)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Synonyms:

shaft of light; ray of light; ray; light beam; beam of light; irradiation; beam; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

light; visible light; visible radiation ((physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

heat ray (a ray that produces a thermal effect)

high beam (the beam of a car's headlights that provides distant illumination)

moon ray; moon-ray; moonbeam (a ray of moonlight)

sunbeam; sunray (a ray of sunlight)

laser beam (a beam of light generated by a laser)

low beam (the beam of a car's headlights that provides illumination for a short distance)


Sense 5shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The main (mid) section of a long bone

Classified under:

Nouns denoting body parts

Synonyms:

diaphysis; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

long bone; os longum (in limbs of vertebrate animals: a long cylindrical bone that contains marrow)


Sense 6shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Obscene terms for penis

Classified under:

Nouns denoting body parts

Synonyms:

cock; pecker; putz; peter; dick; prick; tool; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

member; penis; phallus (the male organ of copulation ('member' is a euphemism))

Domain usage:

dirty word; filth; obscenity; smut; vulgarism (an offensive or indecent word or phrase)


Sense 7shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A long pointed rod used as a weapon

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

spear; lance; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

arm; weapon; weapon system (any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting)

Meronyms (parts of "shaft"):

spear-point; spearhead; spearpoint (the head and sharpened point of a spear)

barb (a subsidiary point facing opposite from the main point that makes an arrowhead or spear hard to remove)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

assagai; assegai (the slender spear of the Bantu-speaking people of Africa)

javelin (a spear thrown as a weapon or in competitive field events)

trident (a spear with three prongs)


Sense 8shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A vertical passageway through a building (as for an elevator)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

passageway (a passage between rooms or between buildings)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

well (an open shaft through the floors of a building (as for a stairway))

ventilation shaft (a shaft in a building; serves as an air passage for ventilation)

elevator shaft (a vertical shaft in a building to permit the passage of an elevator from floor to floor)

Holonyms ("shaft" is a part of...):

building; edifice (a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place)


Sense 9shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

scape; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

upright; vertical (a vertical structural member as a post or stake)

Domain category:

architecture (the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings)

Holonyms ("shaft" is a part of...):

column; pillar ((architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure)


Sense 10shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A vertical passage into a mine

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

passage (a way through or along which someone or something may pass)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

air shaft; air well (a shaft for ventilation)

downcast (a ventilation shaft through which air enters a mine)

Holonyms ("shaft" is a part of...):

mine (excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted)


Sense 11shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A revolving rod that transmits power or motion

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

rotating shaft; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

rod (a long thin implement made of metal or wood)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "shaft"):

camshaft (has cams attached to it)

crankshaft (a rotating shaft driven by (or driving) a crank)

driveshaft (a rotating shaft that transmits power from the engine to the point of application)

arbor; mandrel; mandril; spindle (any of various rotating shafts that serve as axes for larger rotating parts)

transmission shaft (rotating shaft that transmits rotary motion from the engine to the differential)

Holonyms ("shaft" is a part of...):

rotating mechanism (a mechanism that rotates)


Sense 12shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The hollow spine of a feather

Classified under:

Nouns denoting animals

Synonyms:

quill; calamus; shaft

Hypernyms ("shaft" is a kind of...):

rib (a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant)

Holonyms ("shaft" is a part of...):

feather; plumage; plume (the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds)


SHAFT (verb)


Sense 1shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Equip with a shaft

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Hypernyms (to "shaft" is one way to...):

equip; fit; fit out; outfit (provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2shaft [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Defeat someone in an expectation through trickery or deceit

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

jockey; chouse; chicane; cheat; shaft; screw

Hypernyms (to "shaft" is one way to...):

beat; beat out; crush; shell; trounce; vanquish (come out better in a competition, race, or conflict)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Making a rod for your own back." (English proverb)

"The more you strike the steel, the more beautiful it becomes." (Albanian proverb)

"Give your friend your blood and money." (Arabic proverb)

"Morning is smarter than evening." (Croatian proverb)

 SHAFT: related words searches 

 Related FAQs: 
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