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SCRATCH

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does scratch mean? 

SCRATCH (noun)
  The noun SCRATCH has 7 senses:

1. an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
2. a depression scratched or carved into a surface
3. informal terms for money
4. dry mash for poultry
5. a harsh noise made by scraping
6. poor handwriting
7. an indication of damage

  Familiarity information: SCRATCH used as a noun is common.


SCRATCH (verb)
  The verb SCRATCH has 7 senses:

1. cause friction
2. cut the surface of; wear away the surface of
3. scrape or rub as if to relieve itching
4. postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled
5. remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line
6. gather (money or other resources) together over time
7. carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

  Familiarity information: SCRATCH used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


SCRATCH (noun)


Sense 1scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

scratch; excoriation; abrasion; scrape

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

lesion; wound (any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "scratch"):

graze (a superficial abrasion)

rope burn (abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope)


Sense 2scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A depression scratched or carved into a surface

Classified under:

Nouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes

Synonyms:

incision; dent; prick; scratch; slit

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

depression; impression; imprint (a concavity in a surface produced by pressing)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "scratch"):

score; scotch (a slight surface cut (especially a notch that is made to keep a tally))


Sense 3scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Informal terms for money

Classified under:

Nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession

Synonyms:

lolly; lucre; moolah; pelf; shekels; simoleons; wampum; lettuce; kale; gelt; dinero; clams; boodle; loot; dough; cabbage; bread; sugar; scratch

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

money (the most common medium of exchange; functions as legal tender)


Sense 4scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Dry mash for poultry

Classified under:

Nouns denoting foods and drinks

Synonyms:

chicken feed; scratch

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

mash (mixture of ground animal feeds)


Sense 5scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A harsh noise made by scraping

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

scratching; scrape; scraping; scratch

Context example:

the scrape of violin bows distracted her

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

noise (sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound))


Sense 6scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Poor handwriting

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

cacography; scrawl; scribble; scratch

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

hand; handwriting; script (something written by hand)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "scratch"):

chicken scratch (cramped or illegible handwriting)

squiggle (an illegible scrawl)


Sense 7scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An indication of damage

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

scar; scrape; scratch; mark

Hypernyms ("scratch" is a kind of...):

blemish; defect; mar (a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body))


SCRATCH (verb)


Sense 1scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause friction

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

scratch; rub; fray; chafe; fret

Context example:

my sweater scratches

Hypernyms (to "scratch" is one way to...):

adjoin; contact; meet; touch (be in direct physical contact with; make contact)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Something is ----ing PP
Something ----s somebody


Sense 2scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cut the surface of; wear away the surface of

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

scratch up; scratch; scrape

Hypernyms (to "scratch" is one way to...):

incise (make an incision into by carving or cutting)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "scratch"):

claw (scratch, scrape, pull, or dig with claws or nails)

scuff (mar by scuffing)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something

Also:

scratch out (strike or cancel by or as if by rubbing or crossing out)


Sense 3scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Scrape or rub as if to relieve itching

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Synonyms:

itch; rub; scratch

Context example:

Don't scratch your insect bites!

Hypernyms (to "scratch" is one way to...):

irritate (excite to an abnormal condition, of chafe or inflame)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s something
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 4scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

call off; cancel; scrub; scratch

Context examples:

Call off the engagement / cancel the dinner party / we had to scrub our vacation plans / scratch that meeting--the chair is ill

"Scratch" entails doing...:

schedule (make a schedule; plan the time and place for events)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 5scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Remove by erasing or crossing out or as if by drawing a line

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

excise; expunge; scratch; strike

Context examples:

Please strike this remark from the record / scratch that remark

Hypernyms (to "scratch" is one way to...):

cancel; delete (remove or make invisible)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 6scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Gather (money or other resources) together over time

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

scrape up; scrape; scratch; come up

Context examples:

She had scraped together enough money for college / they scratched a meager living

Hypernyms (to "scratch" is one way to...):

accumulate; amass; collect; compile; hoard; pile up; roll up (get or gather together)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "scratch"):

nickel-and-dime (accumulate gradually)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 7scratch [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

engrave; inscribe; grave; scratch

Context examples:

engrave a pen / engraved the winner's name onto the trophy cup / the lovers scratched their names into the bark of the tree

Hypernyms (to "scratch" is one way to...):

carve; chip at (engrave or cut by chipping away at a surface)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "scratch"):

character (engrave or inscribe characters on)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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