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ROOT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does root mean? 

ROOT (noun)
  The noun ROOT has 8 senses:

1. (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground
2. (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed
3. the place where something begins, where it springs into being
4. a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number
5. the set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation
6. someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
7. a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes
8. the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support

  Familiarity information: ROOT used as a noun is common.


ROOT (verb)
  The verb ROOT has 7 senses:

1. take root and begin to grow
2. come into existence, originate
3. plant by the roots
4. dig with the snout
5. take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for
6. become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style
7. cause to take roots

  Familiarity information: ROOT used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


ROOT (noun)


Sense 1root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground

Classified under:

Nouns denoting plants

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

plant organ (a functional and structural unit of a plant or fungus)

Meronyms (parts of "root"):

bark (tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants)

root hair (thin hairlike outgrowth of an epidermal cell just behind the tip; absorbs nutrients from the soil)

root cap (thimble-shaped mass of cells covering and protecting the growing tip of a root)

Meronyms (substance of "root"):

parenchyma (the primary tissue of higher plants composed of thin-walled cells that remain capable of cell division even when mature; constitutes the greater part of leaves, roots, the pulp of fruits, and the pith of stems)

Domain category:

botany; phytology (the branch of biology that studies plants)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "root"):

senega (dried root of two plants of the genus Polygala containing an irritating saponin)

mandrake; mandrake root (the root of the mandrake plant; used medicinally or as a narcotic)

cassava; manioc (cassava root eaten as a staple food after drying and leaching; source of tapioca)

carrot (deep orange edible root of the cultivated carrot plant)

parsnip (the whitish root of cultivated parsnip)

pneumatophore (an air-filled root (submerged or exposed) that can function as a respiratory organ of a marsh or swamp plant)

taproot ((botany) main root of a plant growing straight downward from the stem)

adventitious root (root growing in an unusual location e.g. from a stem)

rootlet (small root or division of a root)

prop root (a root that grows from and supports the stem above the ground in plants such as mangroves)

licorice root (root of licorice used in flavoring e.g. candy and liqueurs and medicines)

sarsaparilla root (dried root of any of various plants of the genus Smilax used as a flavoring agent)

calamus (the aromatic root of the sweet flag used medicinally)

cocoyam; dasheen; eddo; taro (edible starchy tuberous root of taro plants)

ginseng (aromatic root of ginseng plants)

horseradish; horseradish root (the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning)

radish (pungent edible root of any of various cultivated radish plants)

chicory; chicory root (the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute)

oyster plant; salsify (edible root of the salsify plant)

Hottentot bread; Hottentot's bread (thick edible rootstock of elephant's-foot)

briarroot (hard woody root of the briar Erica arborea)

orris; orrisroot (fragrant rootstock of various irises especially Florentine iris; used in perfumes and medicines)

Holonyms ("root" is a part of...):

root system; rootage (a developed system of roots)


Sense 2root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

stem; root word; root; theme; radical; base

Context example:

thematic vowels are part of the stem

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

descriptor; form; signifier; word form (the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something)

Domain category:

linguistics (the scientific study of language)


Sense 3root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The place where something begins, where it springs into being

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

origin; source; root; rootage; beginning

Context examples:

the Italian beginning of the Renaissance / Jupiter was the origin of the radiation / Pittsburgh is the source of the Ohio River / communism's Russian root

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

point (the precise location of something; a spatially limited location)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "root"):

trail head; trailhead (the beginning of a trail)

point source (a spatially constricted by concentrated source (especially of radiation or pollution))

home (place where something began and flourished)

birthplace; cradle; place of origin; provenance; provenience (where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence)

jumping-off place; point of departure (a place from which an enterprise or expedition is launched)

wellhead; wellspring (the source of water for a well)

headwaters (the source of a river)

fountainhead; head; headspring (the source of water from which a stream arises)

spring (a point at which water issues forth)

derivation (the source or origin from which something derives (i.e. comes or issues))


Sense 4root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

number (a concept of quantity derived from zero and units)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "root"):

square root (a number that when multiplied by itself equals a given number)

cube root (a number that when multiplied three times equals a given number)


Sense 5root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The set of values that give a true statement when substituted into an equation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

solution; root

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

set ((mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols)


Sense 6root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

ancestor; antecedent; ascendent; ascendant; root

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

relation; relative (a person related by blood or marriage)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "root"):

primogenitor; progenitor (an ancestor in the direct line)

foremother (a woman ancestor)

father; forefather; sire (the founder of a family)

forbear; forebear (a person from whom you are descended)

ancestress (a woman ancestor)


Sense 7root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A simple form inferred as the common basis from which related words in several languages can be derived by linguistic processes

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

etymon; root

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

descriptor; form; signifier; word form (the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something)


Sense 8root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support

Classified under:

Nouns denoting body parts

Synonyms:

tooth root; root

Hypernyms ("root" is a kind of...):

anatomical structure; bodily structure; body structure; complex body part; structure (a particular complex anatomical part)

Meronyms (parts of "root"):

cement; cementum (a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth)

Holonyms ("root" is a part of...):

tooth (hard bonelike structures in the jaws of vertebrates; used for biting and chewing or for attack and defense)


ROOT (verb)


Sense 1root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Take root and begin to grow

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context example:

this plant roots quickly

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

grow (become larger, greater, or bigger; expand or gain)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Something is ----ing PP


Sense 2root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Come into existence, originate

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Context example:

The problem roots in her depression

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

become (come into existence)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s


Sense 3root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Plant by the roots

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

plant; set (put or set (seeds, seedlings, or plants) into the ground)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 4root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Dig with the snout

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

rootle; rout; root

Context example:

the pig was rooting for truffles

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

cut into; delve; dig; turn over (turn up, loosen, or remove earth)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 5root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Take sides with; align oneself with; show strong sympathy for

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

side; root; pull

Context examples:

We all rooted for the home team / I'm pulling for the underdog / Are you siding with the defender of the title?

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

back; endorse; indorse; plump for; plunk for; support (be behind; approve of)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s PP


Sense 6root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

take root; steady down; settle down; root; settle

Context example:

He finally settled down

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

stabilise; stabilize (become stable or more stable)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "root"):

roost (settle down or stay, as if on a roost)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s PP


Sense 7root [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause to take roots

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Hypernyms (to "root" is one way to...):

grow (cause to grow or develop)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


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