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RNA

 Dictionary entry overview: What does RNA mean? 

RNA (noun)
  The noun RNA has 1 sense:

1. (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell

  Familiarity information: RNA used as a noun is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


RNA (noun)


Sense 1RNA [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell

Classified under:

Nouns denoting substances

Synonyms:

ribonucleic acid; RNA

Context example:

ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses

Hypernyms ("RNA" is a kind of...):

polymer (a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers)

Meronyms (parts of "RNA"):

nucleic acid ((biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells)

Meronyms (substance of "RNA"):

ribose (a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid)

A; adenine ((biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA)

C; cytosine (a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine)

G; guanine (a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine)

U; uracil (a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine)

Domain category:

biochemistry (the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occuring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "RNA"):

informational RNA; messenger RNA; mRNA; template RNA (the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell)

nRNA; nuclear RNA (ribonucleic acid found in the nucleolus of the cell)

acceptor RNA; soluble RNA; transfer RNA; tRNA (RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA))


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 RNA: related words searches 

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