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RESISTANCE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does resistance mean? 

RESISTANCE (noun)
  The noun RESISTANCE has 10 senses:

1. the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with
2. any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion
3. a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms
4. the military action of resisting the enemy's advance
5. (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
6. a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force
7. the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria)
8. (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness
9. an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current
10. group action in opposition to those in power

  Familiarity information: RESISTANCE used as a noun is familiar.


 Dictionary entry details 


RESISTANCE (noun)


Sense 1resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

opposition; resistance

Context examples:

he encountered a general feeling of resistance from many citizens / despite opposition from the newspapers he went ahead

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

action (something done (usually as opposed to something said))

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

lockout (a management action resisting employee's demands; employees are barred from entering the workplace until they agree to terms)

reaction (doing something in opposition to another way of doing it that you don't like)

anti-takeover defense (resistance to or defense against a hostile takeover)


Sense 2resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

mechanical phenomenon (a physical phenomenon associated with the equilibrium or motion of objects)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

drag; retarding force (the phenomenon of resistance to motion through a fluid)

acoustic impedance; acoustic reactance; acoustic resistance (opposition to the flow of sound through a surface; acoustic resistance is the real component of acoustic impedance and acoustic reactance is the imaginary component)

friction; rubbing (the resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another)


Sense 3resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Synonyms:

resistivity; ohmic resistance; impedance; electrical resistance; electric resistance; resistance

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

electrical phenomenon (a physical phenomenon involving electricity)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

ohmage (the ohmic resistance of a conductor)


Sense 4resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The military action of resisting the enemy's advance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Context example:

the enemy offered little resistance

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

action; military action (a military engagement)

Domain category:

armed forces; armed services; military; military machine; war machine (the military forces of a nation)


Sense 5resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

immunity; resistance

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

condition; status (a state at a particular time)

Domain category:

medical specialty; medicine (the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

immunogenicity (the property of eliciting an immune response)

acquired immunity (immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination)

innate immunity; natural immunity (immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup)


Sense 6resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

underground; resistance

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

revolutionary group (a political unit organized to promote revolution)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

Maquis (the French underground that fought against the German occupation in World War II)


Sense 7resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The degree of unresponsiveness of a disease-causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin-resistant bacteria)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

deadness; unresponsiveness (the quality of being unresponsive; not reacting; as a quality of people, it is marked by a failure to respond quickly or with emotion to people or events)

Domain category:

bacteria; bacterium ((microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants)


Sense 8resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

involuntariness; unwillingness (the trait of being unwilling)

Domain category:

psychiatry; psychological medicine; psychopathology (the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders)


Sense 9resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

resistor; resistance

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

electrical device (a device that produces or is powered by electricity)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

rheostat; variable resistor (resistor for regulating current)

potential divider; voltage divider (resistors connected in series across a voltage source; used to obtain a desired fraction of the voltage)

ballast; ballast resistor; barretter (a resistor inserted into a circuit to compensate for changes (as those arising from temperature fluctuations))

Holonyms ("resistance" is a part of...):

circuit; electric circuit; electrical circuit (an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow)


Sense 10resistance [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Group action in opposition to those in power

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Hypernyms ("resistance" is a kind of...):

group action (action taken by a group of people)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "resistance"):

insubordination; rebelliousness (an insubordinate act)

rebellion (refusal to accept some authority or code or convention)

dissent; objection; protest (the act of protesting; a public (often organized) manifestation of dissent)

obstructionism (deliberate interference)

contravention; dispute (coming into conflict with)

defiance (a defiant act)

sales resistance (resistance by potential customers to aggressive selling practices)

confrontation; opposition (the act of hostile groups opposing each other)


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