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RESERVE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does reserve mean? 

RESERVE (noun)
  The noun RESERVE has 7 senses:

1. formality and propriety of manner
2. something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose
3. an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
4. (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions
5. a district that is reserved for particular purpose
6. armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency
7. the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary

  Familiarity information: RESERVE used as a noun is common.


RESERVE (verb)
  The verb RESERVE has 4 senses:

1. hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency
2. give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
3. obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance
4. arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance

  Familiarity information: RESERVE used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


RESERVE (noun)


Sense 1reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Formality and propriety of manner

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

reserve; modesty

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

correctitude; properness; propriety (correct or appropriate behavior)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "reserve"):

demureness (the trait of behaving with reserve and decorum)


Sense 2reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose

Classified under:

Nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession

Synonyms:

stockpile; reserve; backlog

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

accumulation ((finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "reserve"):

reserve account; reserve fund (funds taken out of earnings to provide for anticipated future payments)

fuel level (the amount of fuel remaining)

bank (a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies))


Sense 3reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

second-stringer; substitute; reserve

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

athlete; jock (a person trained to compete in sports)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "reserve"):

bench warmer ((sports) a substitute who seldom plays)

pinch hitter ((baseball) a substitute for the regular batter)

Holonyms ("reserve" is a member of...):

bench (the reserve players on a team)


Sense 4reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

indefinite quantity (an estimated quantity)

Domain category:

medical specialty; medicine (the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "reserve"):

pulmonary reserve (the additional volume of air that the lungs can inhale and exhale when breathing to the limit of capacity in times of stress)


Sense 5reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A district that is reserved for particular purpose

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

reservation; reserve

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

administrative district; administrative division; territorial division (a district defined for administrative purposes)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "reserve"):

indian reservation (a reservation set aside for the use of Indians)

preserve (a reservation where animals are protected)


Sense 6reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

military reserve; reserve

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

armed forces; armed services; military; military machine; war machine (the military forces of a nation)

Meronyms (members of "reserve"):

reservist (a member of a military reserve)

Domain category:

armed forces; armed services; military; military machine; war machine (the military forces of a nation)


Sense 7reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

reticence; taciturnity; reserve

Hypernyms ("reserve" is a kind of...):

uncommunicativeness (the trait of being uncommunicative)


RESERVE (verb)


Sense 1reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Context example:

they held back their applause in anticipation

Hypernyms (to "reserve" is one way to...):

keep back; withhold (hold back; refuse to hand over or share)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "reserve"):

devote (set aside or apart for a specific purpose or use)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

set aside; earmark; appropriate; reserve; allow

Context examples:

I will earmark this money for your research / She sets aside time for meditation every day

Hypernyms (to "reserve" is one way to...):

allot; assign; portion (give out or allot)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s something to somebody


Sense 3reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Context example:

We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's

Hypernyms (to "reserve" is one way to...):

bespeak; call for; quest; request (express the need or desire for; ask for)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "reserve"):

book up (book all available places or tickets)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody something


Sense 4reserve [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

book; reserve; hold

Context examples:

reserve me a seat on a flight / The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family / please hold a table at Maxim's

Hypernyms (to "reserve" is one way to...):

bespeak; call for; quest; request (express the need or desire for; ask for)

"Reserve" entails doing...:

procure; secure (get by special effort)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "reserve"):

hold open; keep; keep open; save (retain rights to)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"If you keep your mouth shut, you won't put your foot in it." (English proverb)

"Sow with one hand, reap with both." (Albanian proverb)

"No crowd ever waited at the gates of patience." (Arabic proverb)

"Don't sell the fur before shooting the bear." (Danish proverb)

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