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Audio English.org » Dictionary » R » Relational Adjective ... Religionism

RELIGION

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does religion mean? 

RELIGION (noun)
  The noun RELIGION has 2 senses:

1. a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
2. an institution to express belief in a divine power

  Familiarity information: RELIGION used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


RELIGION (noun)


Sense 1religion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

faith; religion; religious belief

Context example:

he lost his faith but not his morality

Hypernyms ("religion" is a kind of...):

belief (any cognitive content held as true)

supernatural virtue; theological virtue (according to Christian ethics: one of the three virtues (faith and hope and charity) created by God to round out the natural virtues)

Domain member category:

Calvinist; Calvinistic; Calvinistical (of or relating to or characteristic of Calvinism or its adherents)

Protestant (of or relating to Protestants or Protestantism)

Christian (relating to or characteristic of Christianity)

formalised; formalistic; formalized (concerned with or characterized by rigorous or adherence to recognized forms (especially in religion or art))

discalceate; discalced; unshod ((used of certain religious orders) barefoot or wearing only sandals)

conforming; conformist (adhering to established customs or doctrines (especially in religion))

impure; unclean (ritually unclean or impure)

clean (ritually clean or pure)

free-thinking; latitudinarian; undogmatic; undogmatical (unwilling to accept authority or dogma (especially in religion))

reincarnate; transmigrate (be born anew in another body after death)

antiphonal; responsive (containing or using responses or antiphons recited or sung in alternation)

Jewish-Orthodox; Orthodox (of or pertaining to or characteristic of Judaism)

catechismal (of or relating to a catechism summarizing the principles of Christianity)

Unitarian (of or relating to or characterizing Unitarianism)

Mormon (of or pertaining to or characteristic of the Mormon church)

Methodist; Wesleyan (of or pertaining to or characteristic of the branch of Protestantism adhering to the views of Wesley)

Lutheran (of or pertaining to or characteristic of the branch of the Protestant Church adhering to the views of Luther)

revivalistic (of or relating to or characterizing revivalism)

Episcopal; Episcopalian (of or pertaining to or characteristic of the Episcopal church)

Congregational; Congregationalist (of or pertaining to or characteristic of a Congregational church)

Anglican (of or pertaining to or characteristic of the Anglican church)

Eastern Orthodox; Greek Orthodox; Orthodox; Russian Orthodox (of or relating to or characteristic of the Eastern Orthodox Church)

worship (show devotion to (a deity))

misbelieve (hold a false or unorthodox belief)

orthodoxy (the quality of being orthodox (especially in religion))

habit (a distinctive attire (as the costume of a religious order))

cloister (a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions))

censer; thurible (a container for burning incense (especially one that is swung on a chain in a religious ritual))

traditionalism (adherence to tradition (especially in cultural or religious matters))

toleration (official recognition of the right of individuals to hold dissenting opinions (especially in religion))

celibacy; chastity; sexual abstention (abstaining from sexual relations (as because of religious vows))

consecration ((religion) sanctification of something by setting it apart (usually with religious rites) as dedicated to God)

vigil; watch (the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival))

persecution (the act of persecuting (especially on the basis of race or religion))

Hades; Hel; Hell; infernal region; netherworld; Scheol; underworld ((religion) the world of the dead)

meditation ((religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects))

believe (follow a credo; have a faith; be a believer)

die (suffer spiritual death; be damned (in the religious sense))

noviciate; novitiate (the period during which you are a novice (especially in a religious order))

numen (a spirit believed to inhabit an object or preside over a place (especially in ancient Roman religion))

latitudinarian (a person who is broad-minded and tolerant (especially in standards of religious belief and conduct))

conformist (someone who conforms to established standards of conduct (especially in religious matters))

brother (a male person who is a fellow member (of a fraternity or religion of other group))

Beelzebub; Devil; Lucifer; Old Nick; Prince of Darkness; Satan; the Tempter ((Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell)

demythologisation; demythologization (the restatement of a message (as a religious one) in rational terms)

affirmation ((religion) a solemn declaration that serves the same purpose as an oath (if an oath is objectionable to the person on religious or ethical grounds))

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "religion"):

apophatism (the religious belief that God cannot be known but is completely 'other' and must be described in negative terms (in terms of what God is not))

Sikhism (the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam)

Buddhism (the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth)

Hsuan Chiao; Taoism (popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic)

Shinto; Shintoism (the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma; characterized by a veneration of nature spirits and of ancestors)

Manichaeanism; Manichaeism (a religion founded by Manes the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000)

Mithraicism; Mithraism (ancient Persian religion; popular among Romans during first three centuries a.d.)

Mazdaism; Zoroastrianism (system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta; based on concept of struggle between light (good) and dark (evil))

Bahaism (a religion founded in Iran in 1863; emphasizes the spiritual unity of all humankind; incorporates Christian and Islamic tenets; many adherents live in the United States)

Asian shamanism; shamanism (an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans)

shamanism (any animistic religion similar to Asian shamanism (especially as practiced by certain Native American tribes))

Wicca (the polytheistic nature religion of modern witchcraft whose central deity is a mother goddess; claims origins in pre-Christian pagan religions of western Europe)

Jainism (religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism; emphasizes asceticism and immortality and transmigration of the soul; denies existence of a perfect or supreme being)

Brahmanism; Brahminism (the religious beliefs of ancient India as prescribed in the sacred Vedas and Brahmanas and Upanishads)

cataphatism (the religious belief that God has given enough clues to be known to humans positively and affirmatively (e.g., God created Adam 'in his own image'))

analogy; doctrine of analogy (the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate)

cult; cultus; religious cult (a system of religious beliefs and rituals)

ecclesiasticism (religion appropriate to a church and to ecclesiastical principles and practices)

mysticism; religious mysticism (a religion based on mystical communion with an ultimate reality)

nature worship (a system of religion that deifies and worships natural forces and phenomena)

revealed religion (a religion founded primarily on the revelations of God to humankind)

theism (the doctrine or belief in the existence of a God or gods)

heathenism; pagan religion; paganism (any of various religions other than Christianity or Judaism or Islamism)

Christian religion; Christianity (a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior)

Hindooism; Hinduism (a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils)


Sense 2religion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An institution to express belief in a divine power

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

organized religion; religion; faith

Context examples:

he was raised in the Baptist religion / a member of his own faith contradicted him

Hypernyms ("religion" is a kind of...):

establishment; institution (an organization founded and united for a specific purpose)

Domain member category:

canonise; canonize; saint (declare (a dead person) to be a saint)

exorcise; exorcize (expel through adjuration or prayers)

confirm (administer the rite of confirmation to)

covenant (enter into a covenant)

deliver; redeem; save (save from sins)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "religion"):

Church of Scientology; Scientology (a new religion founded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1955 and characterized by a belief in the power of a person's spirit to clear itself of past painful experiences through self-knowledge and spiritual fulfillment)

Shinto (the native religion and former ethnic cult of Japan)

established church (the church that is recognized as the official church of a nation)

religious order; religious sect; sect (a subdivision of a larger religious group)

Khalsa (the group of initiated Sikhs to which devout orthodox Sikhs are ritually admitted at puberty; founded by the tenth and last Guru in 1699)

Buddhism (a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha)

Taoism (religion adhering to the teaching of Lao-tzu)

Hindooism; Hinduism (the predominant religion of India; characterized by a caste system and belief in reincarnation)

Hebraism; Jewish religion; Judaism (Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud)

Christian church; church (one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship)

cult (adherents of an exclusive system of religious beliefs and practices)


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