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REFER (referred, referring)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does refer mean? 

REFER (verb)
  The verb REFER has 6 senses:

1. make reference to
2. have to do with or be relevant to
3. think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another
4. send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision
5. seek information from
6. have as a meaning

  Familiarity information: REFER used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


REFER (verb)


Sense 1refer [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make reference to

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

refer; cite; mention; advert; name; bring up

Context example:

His name was mentioned in connection with the invention

Hypernyms (to "refer" is one way to...):

have in mind; mean; think of (intend to refer to)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "refer"):

cross-refer (refer from one entry to another, as in catalogues, books, and lists)

drag up; dredge up (mention something unpleasant from the past)

bring up; raise (put forward for consideration or discussion)

namedrop (refer to people that one assumes one's interlocutors admire in order to try to impress them)

appeal; invoke (cite as an authority; resort to)

touch on (refer to or discuss briefly)

cite; quote (refer to for illustration or proof)

remember (mention favourably, as in prayer)

speak of the devil (mention someone's name who just then appears)

commend; remember (mention as by way of greeting or to indicate friendship)

Sentence frames:

Something is ----ing PP
Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something
Somebody ----s PP


Sense 2refer [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Have to do with or be relevant to

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Synonyms:

pertain; concern; bear on; come to; refer; relate; touch on; touch

Context examples:

There were lots of questions referring to her talk / My remark pertained to your earlier comments

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "refer"):

center; center on; concentrate on; focus on; revolve about; revolve around (center upon)

apply; go for; hold (be pertinent or relevant or applicable)

affect; involve; regard (connect closely and often incriminatingly)

interest; matter to (be of importance or consequence)

Sentence frames:

Something is ----ing PP
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 3refer [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Context example:

This plant can be referred to a known species

Hypernyms (to "refer" is one way to...):

assort; class; classify; separate; sort; sort out (arrange or order by classes or categories)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something PP


Sense 4refer [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Context examples:

refer a patient to a specialist / refer a bill to a committee

Hypernyms (to "refer" is one way to...):

direct; send (cause to go somewhere)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "refer"):

recommit (send back to a committee)

subject; submit (refer for judgment or consideration)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something to somebody


Sense 5refer [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Seek information from

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

look up; consult; refer

Context examples:

You should consult the dictionary / refer to your notes

Hypernyms (to "refer" is one way to...):

research (attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s PP


Sense 6refer [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Have as a meaning

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

denote; refer

Context example:

'multi-' denotes 'many'

Hypernyms (to "refer" is one way to...):

intend; mean (mean or intend to express or convey)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "refer"):

convolute; pervert; sophisticate; twist; twist around (practice sophistry; change the meaning of or be vague about in order to mislead or deceive)

express; state (indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.)

slur (speak disparagingly of; e.g., make a racial slur)

apply (refer (a word or name) to a person or thing)

identify; name (give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property)

come back; hark back; recall; return (go back to something earlier)

euphemise; euphemize (refer to something with a euphemism)

Sentence frames:

Something is ----ing PP
Something ----s something
Somebody ----s PP


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"A good man in an evil society seems the greatest villain of all." (English proverb)

"The wolf has a thick neck because it has fast legs." (Albanian proverb)

"Ones neighbours problems, does not induce one to lose their appetite over them." (Zimbabwean proverb)

"Have faith and God will provide." (Corsican proverb)

 REFER: related words searches 

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