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Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does psychology mean? 

  The noun PSYCHOLOGY has 1 sense:

1. the science of mental life

  Familiarity information: PSYCHOLOGY used as a noun is very rare.

 Dictionary entry details 


Sense 1psychology [BACK TO TOP]


The science of mental life

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents


psychological science; psychology

Hypernyms ("psychology" is a kind of...):

science; scientific discipline (a particular branch of scientific knowledge)

Domain member category:

presentational (of or relating to a presentation (especially in psychology or philosophy))

extraversive; extroversive (directed outward; marked by interest in others or concerned with external reality)

introversive; introvertive (directed inward; marked by interest in yourself or concerned with inner feelings)

introjected (incorporated unconsciously into your own psyche)

extinguished (of a conditioned response; caused to die out because of the absence or withdrawal of reinforcement)

maladjusted (poorly adjusted to demands and stresses of daily living)

adjusted (adjusted to demands of daily living; showing emotional stability)

apperceive (perceive in terms of a past experience)

interiorise; interiorize; internalise; internalize (incorporate within oneself; make subjective or personal)

externalise; externalize; project (regard as objective)

isolate (separate (experiences) from the emotions relating to them)

delusion; psychotic belief ((psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary)

breaking point ((psychology) stress at which a person breaks down or a situation becomes crucial)

ambiversive (intermediate between introversive and extroversive)

molar (pertaining to large units of behavior)

molecular (relating to simple or elementary organization)

attentional (of or relating to attention)

associational (of or relating to associations or associationism)

adient (characterized by acceptance or approach)

abient (characterized by avoidance or withdrawal)

nomothetic (relating to or involving the search for abstract universal principles)

idiographic (relating to or involving the study of individuals)

retroactive (descriptive of any event or stimulus or process that has an effect on the effects of events or stimuli or process that occurred previously)

proactive (descriptive of any event or stimulus or process that has an effect on events or stimuli or processes that occur subsequently)

ambiguous (having no intrinsic or objective meaning; not organized in conventional patterns)

conditioned; learned (established by conditioning or learning)

exceptional (deviating widely from a norm of physical or mental ability; used especially of children below normal in intelligence)

abnormal (departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development)

normal (being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development)

stress; tenseness; tension ((psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense)

mental strain; nervous strain; strain ((psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress)

mental state; psychological state ((psychology) a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic)

introjection ((psychology) unconscious internalization of aspects of the world (especially aspects of persons) within the self in such a way that the internalized representation takes over the psychological functions of the external objects)

chunking; unitisation; unitization ((psychology) the configuration of smaller units of information into large coordinated units)

constancy; perceptual constancy ((psychology) the tendency for perceived objects to give rise to very similar perceptual experiences in spite of wide variations in the conditions of observation)

cognitive operation; cognitive process; mental process; operation; process ((psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents)

double bind ((psychology) an unresolvable dilemma; situation in which a person receives contradictory messages from a person who is very powerful)

anima ((Jungian psychology) the inner self (not the external persona) that is in touch with the unconscious)

readiness; set ((psychology) being temporarily ready to respond in a particular way)

image; persona ((Jungian psychology) a personal facade that one presents to the world)

ambiversion ((psychology) a balanced disposition intermediate between extroversion and introversion)

introversion ((psychology) an introverted disposition; concern with one's own thoughts and feelings)

extraversion; extroversion ((psychology) an extroverted disposition; concern with what is outside the self)

behavior; behaviour ((psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation)

inhibition; suppression ((psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires)

generalisation; generalization; stimulus generalisation; stimulus generalization ((psychology) transfer of a response learned to one stimulus to a similar stimulus)

reinforcement; reinforcer; reinforcing stimulus ((psychology) a stimulus that strengthens or weakens the behavior that produced it)

sensitisation; sensitization ((psychology) the process of becoming highly sensitive to specific events or situations (especially emotional events or situations))

introvert ((psychology) a person who tends to shrink from social contacts and to become preoccupied with their own thoughts)

extravert; extrovert ((psychology) a person concerned more with practical realities than with inner thoughts and feelings)

clinician (a practitioner (of medicine or psychology) who does clinical work instead of laboratory experiments)

adience ((psychology) an urge to accept or approach a situation or an object)

abience ((psychology) an urge to withdraw or avoid a situation or an object)

sublimation ((psychology) modifying the natural expression of an impulse or instinct (especially a sexual one) to one that is socially acceptable)

experimenter bias ((psychology) bias introduced by an experimenter whose expectations about the outcome of the experiment can be subtly communicated to the participants in the experiment)

configurationism; Gestalt psychology ((psychology) a theory of psychology that emphasizes the importance of configurational properties)

functionalism (a psychology based on the assumption that all mental process are useful to an organism in adapting to the environment)

atomism ((psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association)

association theory; associationism ((psychology) a theory that association is the basic principle of mental activity)

law of effect ((psychology) the principle that behaviors are selected by their consequences; behavior having good consequences tends to be repeated whereas behavior that leads to bad consequences is not repeated)

rehearsal ((psychology) a form of practice; repetition of information (silently or aloud) in order to keep it in short-term memory)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "psychology"):

abnormal psychology; psychopathology (the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior)

psychometrics; psychometrika; psychometry (any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements)

neuropsychology; physiological psychology; psychophysiology (the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes)

experimental psychology; psychonomics (the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues)

differential psychology (the branch of psychology that studies measurable differences between individuals)

child psychology; developmental psychology; genetic psychology (the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children)

animal psychology; comparative psychology (the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals)

cognitive psychology (an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes)

applied psychology; industrial psychology (any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.)

social psychology (the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole)

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