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PROPORTION

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does proportion mean? 

PROPORTION (noun)
  The noun PROPORTION has 4 senses:

1. the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole
2. magnitude or extent
3. balance among the parts of something
4. harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)

  Familiarity information: PROPORTION used as a noun is uncommon.


PROPORTION (verb)
  The verb PROPORTION has 2 senses:

1. give pleasant proportions to
2. adjust in size relative to other things

  Familiarity information: PROPORTION used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


PROPORTION (noun)


Sense 1proportion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole

Classified under:

Nouns denoting relations between people or things or ideas

Hypernyms ("proportion" is a kind of...):

quotient (the ratio of two quantities to be divided)

Meronyms (parts of "proportion"):

proportional (one of the quantities in a mathematical proportion)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "proportion"):

case-fatality proportion (the number of cases of a disease ending in death divided by the number of cases of the disease; usually expressed as a percentage or as the number of deaths per 1000 cases)

batting average ((an extension of the baseball term) the proportion of times some effort succeeds)

pct; per centum; percent; percentage (a proportion multiplied by 100)

golden mean; golden section (the proportional relation between two divisions of line or two dimension of a plane figure such that short : long :: long : (short + long))

scale (the ratio between the size of something and a representation of it)

rate (a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure)

content (the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.)

case-to-infection proportion; case-to-infection ratio (the number of cases of a disease divided by the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease)


Sense 2proportion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Magnitude or extent

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

proportion; dimension

Context example:

a building of vast proportions

Hypernyms ("proportion" is a kind of...):

magnitude (the property of relative size or extent (whether large or small))


Sense 3proportion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Balance among the parts of something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes

Synonyms:

symmetry; proportion

Hypernyms ("proportion" is a kind of...):

balance; counterbalance; equilibrium; equipoise (equality of distribution)

Antonym:

disproportion (lack of proportion; imbalance among the parts of something)


Sense 4proportion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

proportionality; balance; proportion

Context example:

in all perfectly beautiful objects there is found the opposition of one part to another and a reciprocal balance

Hypernyms ("proportion" is a kind of...):

arrangement; placement (the spatial property of the way in which something is placed)


PROPORTION (verb)


Sense 1proportion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give pleasant proportions to

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context example:

harmonize a building with those surrounding it

Hypernyms (to "proportion" is one way to...):

harmonise; harmonize (bring into consonance or relate harmoniously)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 2proportion [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Adjust in size relative to other things

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Hypernyms (to "proportion" is one way to...):

adjust; correct; set (alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "proportion"):

scale down (reduce proportionally)

scale up (increase proportionally)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s something PP


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