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PROOF

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does proof mean? 

PROOF (noun)
  The noun PROOF has 6 senses:

1. any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something
2. a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it
3. a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume)
4. (printing) an impression made to check for errors
5. a trial photographic print from a negative
6. the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something

  Familiarity information: PROOF used as a noun is common.


PROOF (adjective)
  The adjective PROOF has 1 sense:

1. (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand

  Familiarity information: PROOF used as an adjective is very rare.


PROOF (verb)
  The verb PROOF has 5 senses:

1. make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset
2. knead to reach proper lightness
3. read for errors
4. activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
5. make resistant (to harm)

  Familiarity information: PROOF used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


PROOF (noun)


Sense 1proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

cogent evidence; proof

Context example:

if you have any proof for what you say, now is the time to produce it

Hypernyms ("proof" is a kind of...):

evidence; grounds (your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "proof"):

check; confirmation; substantiation; verification (additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct)

establishment; validation (the cognitive process of establishing a valid proof)


Sense 2proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("proof" is a kind of...):

argument; statement (a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true)

Domain category:

math; mathematics; maths (a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement)

logic (the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "proof"):

demonstration; monstrance (proof by a process of argument or a series of proposition proving an asserted conclusion)

logical proof (proof of a logical theorem)

mathematical proof (proof of a mathematical theorem)


Sense 3proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting quantities and units of measure

Hypernyms ("proof" is a kind of...):

amount; measure; quantity (how much there is of something that you can quantify)


Sense 4proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(printing) an impression made to check for errors

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

test copy; trial impression; proof

Hypernyms ("proof" is a kind of...):

impression; printing (all the copies of a work printed at one time)

Domain category:

printing; printing process (reproduction by applying ink to paper as for publication)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "proof"):

galley proof (a proof taken before the type is broken up to print pages)

foundry proof (a proof taken from a form before duplicate plates are made)


Sense 5proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A trial photographic print from a negative

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("proof" is a kind of...):

photographic print; print (a printed picture produced from a photographic negative)


Sense 6proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

validation; substantiation; proof

Hypernyms ("proof" is a kind of...):

determination; finding (the act of determining the properties of something)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "proof"):

authentication; certification (validating the authenticity of something or someone)

documentation; support (documentary validation)

monetisation; monetization (establishing something (e.g. gold or silver) as the legal tender of a country)

probate (the act of proving that an instrument purporting to be a will was signed and executed in accord with legal requirements)


PROOF (adjective)


Sense 1proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand

Context examples:

temptation-proof / childproof locks

Similar:

imperviable; impervious (not admitting of passage or capable of being affected)


PROOF (verb)


Sense 1proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset

Classified under:

Verbs of sewing, baking, painting, performing

Hypernyms (to "proof" is one way to...):

create; make; produce (create or manufacture a man-made product)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Knead to reach proper lightness

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Context example:

proof dough

Hypernyms (to "proof" is one way to...):

knead; work (make uniform)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 3proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Read for errors

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

proofread; proof

Context example:

I should proofread my manuscripts

Hypernyms (to "proof" is one way to...):

ascertain; assure; check; control; ensure; insure; see; see to it (be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something)

"Proof" entails doing...:

read (interpret something that is written or printed)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something


Sense 4proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context example:

proof yeast

Hypernyms (to "proof" is one way to...):

alter; change; modify (cause to change; make different; cause a transformation)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 5proof [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make resistant (to harm)

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Context example:

proof the materials against shrinking in the dryer

Hypernyms (to "proof" is one way to...):

strengthen (gain strength)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "proof"):

bombproof (make safe against bombings)

bulletproof (make bulletproof)

child-proof; childproof (make safe against children)

foolproof; goof-proof; goofproof (proof against human misuse or error)

fireproof (make resistant to fire)

weatherproof (make resistant to bad weather)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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"The stripes of a tiger are on the outside; the stripes of a person are on the inside." (Bhutanese proverb)

"There's no place like home." (American proverb)

"Let sleeping dogs lie." (Dutch proverb)

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