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Audio English.org » Dictionary » P » Prokayotae ... Promulgation

PROMISE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does promise mean? 

PROMISE (noun)
  The noun PROMISE has 2 senses:

1. a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
2. grounds for feeling hopeful about the future

  Familiarity information: PROMISE used as a noun is rare.


PROMISE (verb)
  The verb PROMISE has 4 senses:

1. make a promise or commitment
2. promise to undertake or give
3. make a prediction about; tell in advance
4. give grounds for expectations

  Familiarity information: PROMISE used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


PROMISE (noun)


Sense 1promise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Hypernyms ("promise" is a kind of...):

commitment; dedication (a message that makes a pledge)

speech act (the use of language to perform some act)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "promise"):

oath (a solemn promise, usually invoking a divine witness, regarding your future acts or behavior)

parole; word; word of honor (a promise)

betrothal; engagement; troth (a mutual promise to marry)

pinning (a mutual promise of a couple not to date anyone else; on college campuses it was once signaled by the giving of a fraternity pin)

rain check (a promise that an unaccepted offer will be renewed in the future)


Sense 2promise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Grounds for feeling hopeful about the future

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

promise; hope

Context example:

there is little or no promise that he will recover

Hypernyms ("promise" is a kind of...):

expectation; outlook; prospect (belief about (or mental picture of) the future)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "promise"):

rainbow (an illusory hope)


PROMISE (verb)


Sense 1promise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make a promise or commitment

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

promise; assure

Hypernyms (to "promise" is one way to...):

declare (state emphatically and authoritatively)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "promise"):

guarantee; undertake (promise to do or accomplish)

contract; undertake (enter into a contractual arrangement)

swear off (promise to abstain from)

pledge; plight (promise solemnly and formally)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE
Somebody ----s to INFINITIVE

Sentence example:

They promise him to write the letter


Sense 2promise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Promise to undertake or give

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Context example:

I promise you my best effort

Hypernyms (to "promise" is one way to...):

declare (state emphatically and authoritatively)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody something
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Sentence examples:

They promise the money to them
They promise them the money


Sense 3promise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make a prediction about; tell in advance

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

predict; forebode; prognosticate; foretell; promise; anticipate; call

Context example:

Call the outcome of an election

Hypernyms (to "promise" is one way to...):

guess; hazard; pretend; venture (put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "promise"):

read (interpret the significance of, as of palms, tea leaves, intestines, the sky; also of human behavior)

outguess; second-guess (attempt to anticipate or predict)

augur (predict from an omen)

bet; wager (maintain with or as if with a bet)

calculate; forecast (predict in advance)

prophesy; vaticinate (predict or reveal through, or as if through, divine inspiration)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


Sense 4promise [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give grounds for expectations

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Context examples:

The new results were promising / The results promised fame and glory

Hypernyms (to "promise" is one way to...):

be (have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun))

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


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 PROMISE: related words searches 

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