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PLAGUE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does plague mean? 

PLAGUE (noun)
  The noun PLAGUE has 5 senses:

1. a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal
2. any epidemic disease with a high death rate
3. a swarm of insects that attack plants
4. any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God)
5. an annoyance

  Familiarity information: PLAGUE used as a noun is common.


PLAGUE (verb)
  The verb PLAGUE has 2 senses:

1. cause to suffer a blight
2. annoy continually or chronically

  Familiarity information: PLAGUE used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


PLAGUE (noun)


Sense 1plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

plague; pestis; pestilence; pest

Hypernyms ("plague" is a kind of...):

epidemic disease (any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "plague"):

bubonic plague; glandular plague; pestis bubonica (the most common form of the plague in humans; characterized by chills, prostration, delirium and the formation of buboes in the armpits and groin; does not spread from person to person)

plague pneumonia; pneumonic plague; pulmonic plague (a rapidly progressive and frequently fatal form of the plague that can spread through the air from person to person; characterized by lung involvement with chill, bloody expectoration and high fever)

septicemic plague (an especially dangerous and generally fatal form of the plague in which infecting organisms invade the bloodstream; does not spread from person to person)


Sense 2plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any epidemic disease with a high death rate

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

pest; pestilence; plague

Hypernyms ("plague" is a kind of...):

epidemic disease (any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people)


Sense 3plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A swarm of insects that attack plants

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

infestation; plague

Context example:

a plague of grasshoppers

Hypernyms ("plague" is a kind of...):

cloud; swarm (a group of many insects)


Sense 4plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Hypernyms ("plague" is a kind of...):

calamity; cataclysm; catastrophe; disaster; tragedy (an event resulting in great loss and misfortune)


Sense 5plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An annoyance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Context example:

those children are a damn plague

Hypernyms ("plague" is a kind of...):

annoyance; bother; botheration; infliction; pain; pain in the ass; pain in the neck (something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness)

Domain usage:

colloquialism (a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech)


PLAGUE (verb)


Sense 1plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause to suffer a blight

Classified under:

Verbs of raining, snowing, thawing, thundering

Synonyms:

blight; plague

Context example:

Too much rain may blight the garden with mold

Hypernyms (to "plague" is one way to...):

afflict; smite (cause pain or suffering in)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 2plague [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Annoy continually or chronically

Classified under:

Verbs of feeling

Synonyms:

hassle; harry; harass; chivy; chivvy; chevy; chevvy; beset; molest; plague; provoke

Context examples:

He is known to harry his staff when he is overworked / This man harasses his female co-workers

Hypernyms (to "plague" is one way to...):

annoy; bother; chafe; devil; get at; get to; gravel; irritate; nark; nettle; rag; rile; vex (cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "plague"):

goad; needle (goad or provoke,as by constant criticism)

bedevil; crucify; dun; frustrate; rag; torment (treat cruelly)

haze (harass by imposing humiliating or painful tasks, as in military institutions)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody

Sentence example:

Sam cannot plague Sue


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"He who laughs last, thinks slowest." (English proverb)

"Listen or your tongue will keep you deaf." (Native American proverb, Cree)

"One hand won't clap." (Armenian proverb)

"May problems with neighbors last only as long as snow in March." (Corsican proverb)

 PLAGUE: related words searches 

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