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PIT (pitted, pitting)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does pit mean? 

PIT (noun)
  The noun PIT has 8 senses:

1. a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
2. a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)
3. the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed
4. (Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil; where sinners suffer eternal punishment
5. a trap in the form of a concealed hole
6. a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate
7. lowered area in front of a stage where an orchestra accompanies the performers
8. a workplace consisting of a coal mine plus all the buildings and equipment connected with it

  Familiarity information: PIT used as a noun is common.


PIT (verb)
  The verb PIT has 3 senses:

1. set into opposition or rivalry
2. mark with a scar
3. remove the pits from

  Familiarity information: PIT used as a verb is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


PIT (noun)


Sense 1pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A sizeable hole (usually in the ground)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural objects (not man-made)

Synonyms:

pit; cavity

Context example:

they dug a pit to bury the body

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

hole; hollow (a depression hollowed out of solid matter)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pit"):

tar pit (a natural accumulation of bitumens at the surface of the earth; often acts as a trap for animals whose bones are thus preserved)

sawpit (a pit over which lumber is positioned to be sawed by two men with a long two-handed saw)

sandpit (a large pit in sandy ground from which sand is dug)

quicksand (a pit filled with loose wet sand into which objects are sucked down)

fire pit (a pit whose floor is incandescent lava)

divot ((golf) the cavity left when a piece of turf is cut from the ground by the club head in making a stroke)

borrow pit (a pit created to provide earth that can be used as fill at another site)

barbecue pit (a pit where wood or charcoal is burned to make a bed of hot coals suitable for barbecuing meat)


Sense 2pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes

Synonyms:

fossa; pit

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

bodily cavity; cavity; cavum ((anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body)

concave shape; concavity; incurvation; incurvature (a shape that curves or bends inward)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pit"):

glenoid cavity; glenoid fossa (the concavity in the head of the scapula that receives the head of the humerus to form the shoulder joint)

glenoid fossa; mandibular fossa (a deep concavity in the temporal bone at the root of the zygomatic arch that receives the condyle of the mandible)

epigastric fossa; pit of the stomach (a slight depression in the midline just below the sternum (where a blow can affect the solar plexus))


Sense 3pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed

Classified under:

Nouns denoting plants

Synonyms:

endocarp; pit; stone

Context example:

you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

pericarp; seed vessel (the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pit"):

cherry stone (the stone seed of a cherry)

peach pit (the stone seed of a peach)


Sense 4pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil; where sinners suffer eternal punishment

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

infernal region; nether region; perdition; Hell; Inferno; pit

Context examples:

Hurl'd headlong...To bottomless perdition, there to dwell / a demon from the depths of the pit

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

fictitious place; imaginary place; mythical place (a place that exists only in imagination; a place said to exist in fictional or religious writings)

Domain category:

Christian religion; Christianity (a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pit"):

hellfire; red region (a place of eternal fire envisaged as punishment for the damned)

Gehenna; Tartarus (a place where the wicked are punished after death)


Sense 5pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A trap in the form of a concealed hole

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

pitfall; pit

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

trap (a device in which something (usually an animal) can be caught and penned)


Sense 6pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A surface excavation for extracting stone or slate

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

stone pit; quarry; pit

Context example:

a British term for 'quarry' is 'stone pit'

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

excavation (a hole in the ground made by excavating)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pit"):

chalk pit; chalkpit (a quarry for chalk)

gravel pit (a quarry for gravel)

trou-de-loup (a sloping pit with a stake in the middle used as an obstacle to the enemy)


Sense 7pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Lowered area in front of a stage where an orchestra accompanies the performers

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

orchestra pit; pit

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

area (a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function)

Holonyms ("pit" is a part of...):

house; theater; theatre (a building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presented)


Sense 8pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A workplace consisting of a coal mine plus all the buildings and equipment connected with it

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

colliery; pit

Hypernyms ("pit" is a kind of...):

work; workplace (a place where work is done)

Meronyms (parts of "pit"):

coal mine; coalpit (a mine where coal is dug from the ground)

mine (excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted)


PIT (verb)


Sense 1pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Set into opposition or rivalry

Classified under:

Verbs of fighting, athletic activities

Synonyms:

play off; pit; oppose; match

Context examples:

let them match their best athletes against ours / pit a chess player against the Russian champion / He plays his two children off against each other

Hypernyms (to "pit" is one way to...):

confront; face (oppose, as in hostility or a competition)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody


Sense 2pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Mark with a scar

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Synonyms:

pock; scar; pit; mark

Context example:

The skin disease scarred his face permanently

Hypernyms (to "pit" is one way to...):

blemish; deface; disfigure (mar or spoil the appearance of)

"Pit" entails doing...:

incise (make an incision into by carving or cutting)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "pit"):

pockmark (mark with or as if with pockmarks)

cicatrise; cicatrize (form a scar, after an injury)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 3pit [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Remove the pits from

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

stone; pit

Context example:

pit plums and cherries

Hypernyms (to "pit" is one way to...):

remove; take; take away; withdraw (remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
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 PIT: related words searches 

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