Online English learning Courses
    courses   dictionary
Double-click any word on the page to look it up in the dictionary.

Audio » Dictionary » P » Physical Process ... Pianism


Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does physiology mean? 

  The noun PHYSIOLOGY has 2 senses:

1. the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
2. processes and functions of an organism

  Familiarity information: PHYSIOLOGY used as a noun is rare.

 Dictionary entry details 


Sense 1physiology [BACK TO TOP]


The branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Hypernyms ("physiology" is a kind of...):

biological science; biology (the science that studies living organisms)

Domain member category:

sympathetic (of or relating to the sympathetic nervous system)

excitable; irritable (capable of responding to stimuli)

antidromic (conducting nerve impulses in a direction opposite to normal)

erect; tumid (of sexual organs; stiff and rigid)

cavernous; erectile (filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood)

isotonic (of or involving muscular contraction in which tension is constant while length changes)

isometric (of or involving muscular contraction in which tension increases while length remains constant)

efferent; motorial (of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying information away from the CNS)

afferent (of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS)

adducent; adducting; adductive (especially of muscles; bringing together or drawing toward the midline of the body or toward an adjacent part)

isotonic (of two or more muscles; having equal tension)

unaerated; unoxygenated ((used of blood) not supplied with oxygen)

tonic (of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue)

pressor (increasing (or tending to increase) blood pressure)

autacoidal (of or relating to an autacoid)

vegetative (relating to involuntary bodily functions)

autonomic (relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system)

automatic; reflex; reflexive (without volition or conscious control)

involuntary (controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control)

voluntary (controlled by individual volition)

parenteral (located outside the alimentary tract)

abducent; abducting (especially of muscles; drawing away from the midline of the body or from an adjacent part)

irritate (excite to some characteristic action or condition, such as motion, contraction, or nervous impulse, by the application of a stimulus)

localisation; localisation of function; localisation principle; localization; localization of function; localization principle ((physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body)

sensibility; sensitiveness; sensitivity ((physiology) responsiveness to external stimuli; the faculty of sensation)

humor; humour ((Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state)

antagonistic muscle ((physiology) a muscle that opposes the action of another)

control ((physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc)

contraction; muscle contraction; muscular contraction ((physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber))

adduction ((physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body)

abduction ((physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body)

adaptation ((physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light))

irradiation ((physiology) the spread of sensory neural impulses in the cortex)

cell death; necrobiosis ((physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells))

innervate (stimulate to action)

homeostasis ((physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes)

summation ((physiology) the process whereby multiple stimuli can produce a response (in a muscle or nerve or other part) that one stimulus alone does not produce)

stimulation ((physiology) the effect of a stimulus (on nerves or organs etc.))

relaxation ((physiology) the gradual lengthening of inactive muscle or muscle fibers)

nutrition ((physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance)

inhibition ((physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part)

autoregulation ((physiology) processes that maintain a generally constant physiological state in a cell or organism)

acid-base balance; acid-base equilibrium ((physiology) the normal equilibrium between acids and alkalis in the body)

accommodation ((physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "physiology"):

neurophysiology (the branch of neuroscience that studies the physiology of the nervous system)

hemodynamics (the branch of physiology that studies the circulation of the blood and the forces involved)

kinesiology (the branch of physiology that studies the mechanics and anatomy in relation to human movement)

myology (the branch of physiology that studies muscles)

Sense 2physiology [BACK TO TOP]


Processes and functions of an organism

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("physiology" is a kind of...):

bodily property (an attribute of the body)

Domain member category:

facilitate (increase the likelihood of (a response))

 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"A guilty conscience needs no accuser." (English proverb)

"Where there is plenty of water, it rains; where there is abundant heat, the sun shines." (Bhutanese proverb)

"He who laughs last laughs best." (American proverb)

"The grass is always greener on the other side." (Danish proverb)

 PHYSIOLOGY: related words searches 

Page delivered in 0.8635 seconds