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PERSIA

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does Persia mean? 

PERSIA (noun)
  The noun PERSIA has 2 senses:

1. an empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC
2. a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil

  Familiarity information: PERSIA used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


PERSIA (noun)


Sense 1Persia [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

Persia; Persian Empire

Instance hypernyms:

empire; imperium (the domain ruled by an emperor or empress; the region over which imperial dominion is exercised)

Domain member region:

peri ((Persian folklore) a supernatural being descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until penance is done)

Holonyms ("Persia" is a part of...):

Asia (the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations)


Sense 2Persia [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

Iran; Islamic Republic of Iran; Persia

Instance hypernyms:

Asian country; Asian nation (nations occupying the Asian continent)

Meronyms (parts of "Persia"):

Qum (a city in northwestern Iran; a place of pilgrimage for Shiite Muslims)

Orumiyeh; Urmia (a city on the western side of Lake Urmia in northwestern Iran)

Persepolis (an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire; now in ruins)

Kurdistan (an extensive geographical region in the Middle East south of the Caucasus)

Dasht-e-Kavir; Great Salt Desert; Kavir Desert (a salt desert in north central Iran)

Dasht-e-Lut; Lut Desert (a desert in eastern Iran)

Demavend (an active volcano in northern Iran)

Caspian; Caspian Sea (a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River; the largest inland body of water in the world)

Tabriz (an ancient city in northwestern Iran; known for hot springs)

Shiraz (a city in central southwestern Iran; ruins of ancient Persepolis are nearby)

capital of Iran; Iranian capital; Teheran; Tehran (the capital and largest city of Iran; located in northern Iran)

Abadan (a port city in southwestern Iran)

Bam (an ancient city in southeastern Iran; destroyed by an earthquake in 2003)

Mashhad; Meshed (the holy city of Shiite Muslims; located in northeastern Iran)

Aspadana; Esfahan; Isfahan (city in central Iran; former capital of Persia)

Rasht; Resht (city in northwestern Iran near the Caspian Sea)

Daryacheh-ye Orumiyeh; Lake Urmia; Urmia (a shallow saline lake in northwestern Iran between Tabriz and the western border of Turkey)

Meronyms (members of "Persia"):

Irani; Iranian; Persian (a native or inhabitant of Iran)

Domain member region:

ayatollah (a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well)

MEK; MKO; Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization; People's Mujahidin of Iran (a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-Western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah)

Usuli (a religious movement by Persian Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iran that is opposed to the Akhbari)

Holonyms ("Persia" is a part of...):

Middle East; Mideast; Near East (the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century)

Gulf States (the countries in southwestern Asia that border the Persian Gulf)

Asia (the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations)

Holonyms ("Persia" is a member of...):

OPEC; Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries (an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum)


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