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PERPENDICULAR

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does perpendicular mean? 

PERPENDICULAR (noun)
  The noun PERPENDICULAR has 4 senses:

1. a straight line at right angles to another line
2. a Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting
3. a cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point
4. an extremely steep face

  Familiarity information: PERPENDICULAR used as a noun is uncommon.


PERPENDICULAR (adjective)
  The adjective PERPENDICULAR has 3 senses:

1. intersecting at or forming right angles
2. at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line
3. extremely steep

  Familiarity information: PERPENDICULAR used as an adjective is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


PERPENDICULAR (noun)


Sense 1perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A straight line at right angles to another line

Classified under:

Nouns denoting two and three dimensional shapes

Hypernyms ("perpendicular" is a kind of...):

straight line (a line traced by a point traveling in a constant direction; a line of zero curvature)


Sense 2perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A Gothic style in 14th and 15th century England; characterized by vertical lines and a four-centered (Tudor) arch and fan vaulting

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

perpendicular style; English-Gothic architecture; English-Gothic; perpendicular

Hypernyms ("perpendicular" is a kind of...):

Gothic; Gothic architecture (a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "perpendicular"):

Tudor architecture (a style of English-Gothic architecture popular during the Tudor period; characterized by half-timbered houses)


Sense 3perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A cord from which a metal weight is suspended pointing directly to the earth's center of gravity; used to determine the vertical from a given point

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

plumb line; perpendicular

Hypernyms ("perpendicular" is a kind of...):

cord (a line made of twisted fibers or threads)

Meronyms (parts of "perpendicular"):

plumb; plumb bob; plummet (the metal bob of a plumb line)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "perpendicular"):

lead line; sounding line ((nautical) plumb line for determining depth)

plumb rule (a plumb line attached to a narrow board)


Sense 4perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An extremely steep face

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("perpendicular" is a kind of...):

face (a vertical surface of a building or cliff)


PERPENDICULAR (adjective)


Sense 1perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Intersecting at or forming right angles

Context example:

the axes are perpendicular to each other

Similar:

normal (forming a right angle)

orthogonal; rectangular (having a set of mutually perpendicular axes; meeting at right angles)

right (having the axis perpendicular to the base)

Antonym:

oblique (slanting or inclined in direction or course or position--neither parallel nor perpendicular nor right-angled)

parallel (being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting)


Sense 2perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

At right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line

Synonyms:

vertical; perpendicular

Context examples:

a vertical camera angle / the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab / measure the perpendicular height

Similar:

unsloped; upright (in a vertical position; not sloping)

plumb (exactly vertical)

upended (turned up on end)

Also:

straight (having no deviations)

steep (having a sharp inclination)

Attribute:

orientation (position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions)


Sense 3perpendicular [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Extremely steep

Context example:

the great perpendicular face of the cliff

Similar:

steep (having a sharp inclination)


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