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PENALTY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does penalty mean? 

PENALTY (noun)
  The noun PENALTY has 4 senses:

1. the act of punishing
2. a payment required for not fulfilling a contract
3. the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition
4. (games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game

  Familiarity information: PENALTY used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


PENALTY (noun)


Sense 1penalty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of punishing

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

penalisation; penalization; penalty; punishment

Hypernyms ("penalty" is a kind of...):

social control (control exerted (actively or passively) by group action)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "penalty"):

castigation; chastisement (verbal punishment)

penance; self-abasement; self-mortification (voluntary self-punishment in order to atone for some wrongdoing)

stick (threat of a penalty)

self-punishment (punishment inflicted on yourself)

medicine; music (punishment for one's actions)

imprisonment (putting someone in prison or in jail as lawful punishment)

economic strangulation (punishment of a group by cutting off commercial dealings with them)

correction; discipline (the act of punishing)

detention (a punishment in which a student must stay at school after others have gone home)

cruel and unusual punishment (punishment prohibited by the 8th amendment to the U.S. constitution; includes torture or degradation or punishment too severe for the crime committed)

corporal punishment (the infliction of physical injury on someone convicted of committing a crime)


Sense 2penalty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A payment required for not fulfilling a contract

Classified under:

Nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession

Hypernyms ("penalty" is a kind of...):

payment (a sum of money paid)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "penalty"):

requital; retribution (a justly deserved penalty)

forfeit; forfeiture (a penalty for a fault or mistake that involves losing or giving up something)

amercement; fine; mulct (money extracted as a penalty)


Sense 3penalty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Context example:

neglected his health and paid the penalty

Hypernyms ("penalty" is a kind of...):

disadvantage (the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position)

Antonym:

reward (benefit resulting from some event or action)


Sense 4penalty [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("penalty" is a kind of...):

handicap (advantage given to a competitor to equalize chances of winning)

Domain category:

game (a contest with rules to determine a winner)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "penalty"):

game misconduct ((ice hockey) a penalty that suspends a player for the remainder of a game (but allows the team to send in a substitute for the suspended player))


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 PENALTY: related words searches 

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