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Audio English.org » Dictionary » P » Passing Note ... Pastor Roseus

PASSIVE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does passive mean? 

PASSIVE (noun)
  The noun PASSIVE has 1 sense:

1. the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb

  Familiarity information: PASSIVE used as a noun is very rare.


PASSIVE (adjective)
  The adjective PASSIVE has 3 senses:

1. lacking in energy or will
2. peacefully resistant in response to injustice
3. expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb

  Familiarity information: PASSIVE used as an adjective is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


PASSIVE (noun)


Sense 1passive [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb

Classified under:

Nouns denoting relations between people or things or ideas

Synonyms:

passive; passive voice

Context examples:

'The ball was thrown by the boy' uses the passive voice / 'The ball was thrown' is an abbreviated passive

Hypernyms ("passive" is a kind of...):

voice ((linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes)


PASSIVE (adjective)


Sense 1passive [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Lacking in energy or will

Synonyms:

passive; inactive

Context example:

Much benevolence of the passive order may be traced to a disinclination to inflict pain upon oneself

Similar:

hands-off (not involving participation or intervention)

resistless; supine; unresisting (offering no resistance)

Attribute:

passiveness; passivity (the trait of remaining inactive; a lack of initiative)

Antonym:

active (disposed to take action or effectuate change)


Sense 2passive [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Peacefully resistant in response to injustice

Synonyms:

passive; peaceful

Context example:

passive resistance

Similar:

nonviolent (abstaining (on principle) from the use of violence)


Sense 3passive [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb

Context example:

academics seem to favor passive sentences

Domain category:

grammar (the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics or morphology))

Antonym:

active (expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor:)


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"No gain without pain." (English proverb)

"The one who does not make you happy when he arrives makes you happy when he leaves" (Breton proverb)

"While the word is yet unspoken, you are master of it; when once it is spoken, it is master of you." (Arabic proverb)

"What good serve candle and glasses, if the owl does not want to see." (Dutch proverb)

 PASSIVE: related words searches 

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