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PAIN

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does pain mean? 

PAIN (noun)
  The noun PAIN has 5 senses:

1. a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
2. emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
3. a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
4. a bothersome annoying person
5. something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness

  Familiarity information: PAIN used as a noun is common.


PAIN (verb)
  The verb PAIN has 2 senses:

1. cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
2. cause emotional anguish or make miserable

  Familiarity information: PAIN used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


PAIN (noun)


Sense 1pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A symptom of some physical hurt or disorder

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

hurting; pain

Context example:

the patient developed severe pain and distension

Hypernyms ("pain" is a kind of...):

symptom ((medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pain"):

proctalgia (pain in the rectum)

podalgia (foot pain)

costalgia; pleuralgia; pleurodynia (pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs)

photalgia; photophobia (pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism))

pang; sting (a mental pain or distress)

pang (a sharp spasm of pain)

orchidalgia (pain in the testes)

odynophagia (severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus)

referred pain (pain that is felt at a place in the body different from the injured or diseased part where the pain would be expected)

renal colic (sharp pain in the lower back that radiates into the groin; associated with the passage of a renal calculus through the ureter)

smart; smarting; smartness (a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore)

urodynia (pain during urination)

ulalgia (pain in the gums)

torment; torture (unbearable physical pain)

throb (a deep pulsating type of pain)

thermalgesia (pain caused by heat)

rawness; soreness; tenderness (a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched))

stitch (a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running)

sting; stinging (a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung)

neuralgia; neuralgy (acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves)

nephralgia (pain in the kidney (usually felt in the loins))

myalgia; myodynia (pain in a muscle or group of muscles)

chiralgia (a pain in the hand that is not traumatic)

chest pain (pain in the chest)

colic; gripes; griping; intestinal colic (acute abdominal pain (especially in infants))

causalgia (a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve; usually associated with skin changes)

burn; burning (pain that feels hot as if it were on fire)

arthralgia (pain in a joint or joints)

agony; excruciation; suffering (a state of acute pain)

ache; aching (a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain)

distress (extreme physical pain)

dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation)

glossalgia; glossodynia (pain in the tongue)

metralgia (pain in the uterus)

meralgia (pain in the thigh)

melagra (rheumatic or myalgic pains in the arms or legs)

mastalgia (pain in the breast)

labor pain (pain and discomfort associated with contractions of the uterus during labor)

keratalgia (pain in the cornea)

haemorrhoid; hemorrhoid; piles (pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter)

growing pains (pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth)


Sense 2pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid

Classified under:

Nouns denoting feelings and emotions

Synonyms:

painfulness; pain

Context example:

the pain of loneliness

Hypernyms ("pain" is a kind of...):

feeling (the experiencing of affective and emotional states)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pain"):

distress; hurt; suffering (psychological suffering)

hurt; suffering (feelings of mental or physical pain)

mental anguish (sustained dull painful emotion)

unpleasantness (the feeling caused by disagreeable stimuli; one pole of a continuum of states of feeling)

growing pains (emotional distress arising during adolescence)

Antonym:

pleasure (a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience)


Sense 3pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A somatic sensation of acute discomfort

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

pain sensation; painful sensation; pain

Context example:

as the intensity increased the sensation changed from tickle to pain

Hypernyms ("pain" is a kind of...):

somaesthesia; somatesthesia; somatic sensation; somesthesia (the perception of tactual or proprioceptive or gut sensations)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pain"):

mittelschmerz (pain in the area of the ovary that is felt at the time of ovulation (usually midway through the menstrual cycle))

phantom limb pain (pain felt by an amputee that seems to be located in the missing limb)

twinge (a sharp stab of pain)


Sense 4pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A bothersome annoying person

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

pain in the neck; nuisance; pain

Context example:

that kid is a terrible pain

Hypernyms ("pain" is a kind of...):

disagreeable person; unpleasant person (a person who is not pleasant or agreeable)


Sense 5pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

pain in the ass; pain in the neck; bother; botheration; infliction; annoyance; pain

Context examples:

washing dishes was a nuisance before we got a dish washer / a bit of a bother / he's not a friend, he's an infliction

Hypernyms ("pain" is a kind of...):

negative stimulus (a stimulus with undesirable consequences)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "pain"):

nuisance ((law) a broad legal concept including anything that disturbs the reasonable use of your property or endangers life and health or is offensive)

irritant; thorn (something that causes irritation and annoyance)

plague (an annoyance)


PAIN (verb)


Sense 1pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

pain; ail; afflict; trouble

Hypernyms (to "pain" is one way to...):

hurt (give trouble or pain to)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "pain"):

break out; erupt; recrudesce (become raw or open)

disagree with (not be very easily digestible)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s somebody


Sense 2pain [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause emotional anguish or make miserable

Classified under:

Verbs of feeling

Synonyms:

anguish; pain; hurt

Context example:

It pains me to see my children not being taught well in school

Hypernyms (to "pain" is one way to...):

discomfit; discompose; disconcert; untune; upset (cause to lose one's composure)

Cause:

suffer (endure (emotional pain))

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "pain"):

break someone's heart (cause deep emotional pain and grief to somebody)

agonise; agonize (cause to agonize)

try (give pain or trouble to)

excruciate; rack; torment; torture (torment emotionally or mentally)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s somebody

Sentence example:

The bad news will pain him


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"To kill two birds with one stone." (English proverb)

"Do not wrong or hate your neighbor for it is not he that you wrong but yourself." (Native American proverb, Pima)

"Consult the wise and do not disobey him." (Arabic proverb)

"If you own two houses, it's raining in one of them." (Corsican proverb)

 PAIN: related words searches 

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