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OSCILLATION

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does oscillation mean? 

OSCILLATION (noun)
  The noun OSCILLATION has 3 senses:

1. the process of oscillating between states
2. (physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
3. a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon

  Familiarity information: OSCILLATION used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


OSCILLATION (noun)


Sense 1oscillation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The process of oscillating between states

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Hypernyms ("oscillation" is a kind of...):

action; activity; natural action; natural process (a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings))

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "oscillation"):

libration ((astronomy) a real or apparent slow oscillation of a moon or satellite)


Sense 2oscillation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

oscillation; vibration

Hypernyms ("oscillation" is a kind of...):

undulation; wave ((physics) a movement up and down or back and forth)

Domain category:

natural philosophy; physical science; physics (the science of matter and energy and their interactions)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "oscillation"):

sympathetic vibration ((physics) vibration produced by resonance)

resonance (a vibration of large amplitude produced by a relatively small vibration near the same frequency of vibration as the natural frequency of the resonating system)

beat (a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations)

transient ((physics) a short-lived oscillation in a system caused by a sudden change of voltage or current or load)

ripple ((electronics) an oscillation of small amplitude imposed on top of a steady value)


Sense 3oscillation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

oscillation; cycle

Context example:

a year constitutes a cycle of the seasons

Hypernyms ("oscillation" is a kind of...):

periodic event; recurrent event (an event that recurs at intervals)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "oscillation"):

cardiac cycle (the complete cycle of events in the heart from the beginning of one heart beat to the beginning of the next; an electrical impulse conducted through the heart muscle that constricts the atria which is followed by constriction of the ventricles)

Carnot cycle; Carnot's ideal cycle (a cycle (of expansion and compression) of an idealized reversible heat engine that does work without loss of heat)

pass (one complete cycle of operations (as by a computer))

menstrual cycle (a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy; if pregnancy does not occur the lining is shed at menstruation)


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