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NEURON

 Dictionary entry overview: What does neuron mean? 

NEURON (noun)
  The noun NEURON has 1 sense:

1. a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

  Familiarity information: NEURON used as a noun is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


NEURON (noun)


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Meaning:

A cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

Classified under:

Nouns denoting body parts

Synonyms:

nerve cell; neuron

Hypernyms ("neuron" is a kind of...):

somatic cell; vegetative cell (any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes)

Meronyms (parts of "neuron"):

axon; axone (long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron)

dendrite (short fiber that conducts toward the cell body of the neuron)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "neuron"):

brain cell (a nerve cell in the brain)

efferent neuron; motoneuron; motor nerve fiber; motor neuron (a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord)

afferent neuron; sensory neuron (a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord)

Holonyms ("neuron" is a part of...):

nervous system; systema nervosum (the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells)


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