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MARTYR

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does martyr mean? 

MARTYR (noun)
  The noun MARTYR has 2 senses:

1. one who suffers for the sake of principle
2. one who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion

  Familiarity information: MARTYR used as a noun is rare.


MARTYR (verb)
  The verb MARTYR has 2 senses:

1. kill as a martyr
2. torture and torment like a martyr

  Familiarity information: MARTYR used as a verb is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


MARTYR (noun)


Sense 1martyr [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

One who suffers for the sake of principle

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Synonyms:

martyr; sufferer

Hypernyms ("martyr" is a kind of...):

victim (an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "martyr"):

shaheed (Arabic term for holy martyrs; applied by Palestinians to suicide bombers)

Instance hyponyms:

Tindal; Tindale; Tyndale; William Tindal; William Tindale; William Tyndale (English translator and Protestant martyr; his translation of the Bible into English (which later formed the basis for the King James Version) aroused ecclesiastical opposition; he left England in 1524 and was burned at the stake in Antwerp as a heretic (1494-1536))


Sense 2martyr [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

One who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Hypernyms ("martyr" is a kind of...):

victim (an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "martyr"):

Polycarp; Saint Polycarp; St. Polycarp (Greek bishop of Smyrna who refused to recant his Christian faith and was burned to death by pagans (circa 69-155))

Instance hyponyms:

Becket; Saint Thomas a Becket; St. Thomas a Becket; Thomas a Becket ((Roman Catholic Church) archbishop of Canterbury from 1162 to 1170; murdered following his opposition to Henry II concerning Henry's attempts to control the clergy (1118-1170))

George; Saint George; St. George (Christian martyr; patron saint of England; hero of the legend of Saint George and the Dragon in which he slew a dragon and saved a princess (?-303))

Jeanne d'Arc; Joan of Arc; Saint Joan (French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king; she was later tried for heresy and burned at the stake (1412-1431))

Laurentius; Lawrence; Saint Lawrence; St. Lawrence (Roman martyr; supposedly Lawrence was ordered by the police to give up the church's treasure and when he responded by presenting the poor people of Rome he was roasted to death on a gridiron (died in 258))

St. Vitus; Vitus (Christian martyr and patron of those who suffer from epilepsy and Sydenham's chorea (died around 300))


MARTYR (verb)


Sense 1martyr [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Kill as a martyr

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Context example:

Saint Sebastian was martyred

Hypernyms (to "martyr" is one way to...):

kill (cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody


Sense 2martyr [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Torture and torment like a martyr

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

martyrise; martyrize; martyr

Hypernyms (to "martyr" is one way to...):

excruciate; torment; torture (subject to torture)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Common sense ain't common." (English proverb)

"Listen or your tongue will keep you deaf." (Native American proverb, Cree)

"Words of wisdom comes out of simple people mouths." (Arabic proverb)

"Pulled too far, a rope ends up breaking." (Corsican proverb)

 MARTYR: related words searches 

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