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LIGHT (lit)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does Light mean? 

LIGHT (noun)
  The noun LIGHT has 15 senses:

1. (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation
2. any device serving as a source of illumination
3. a particular perspective or aspect of a situation
4. the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light
5. an illuminated area
6. a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination
7. the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures
8. a person regarded very fondly
9. mental understanding as an enlightening experience
10. having abundant light or illumination
11. public awareness
12. merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance
13. a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul
14. a visual warning signal
15. a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires

  Familiarity information: LIGHT used as a noun is familiar.


LIGHT (adjective)
  The adjective LIGHT has 25 senses:

1. of comparatively little physical weight or density
2. (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent
3. of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment
4. not great in degree or quantity or number
5. psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles
6. characterized by or emitting light
7. used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress
8. easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned
9. (used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency
10. (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims
11. moving easily and quickly; nimble
12. demanding little effort; not burdensome
13. of little intensity or power or force
14. (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average
15. weak and likely to lose consciousness
16. very thin and insubstantial
17. marked by temperance in indulgence
18. less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
19. having little importance
20. intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound
21. silly or trivial
22. designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight
23. having relatively few calories
24. (of sleep) easily disturbed
25. casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior

  Familiarity information: LIGHT used as an adjective is very familiar.


LIGHT (verb)
  The verb LIGHT has 6 senses:

1. make lighter or brighter
2. begin to smoke
3. to come to rest, settle
4. cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat
5. fall to somebody by assignment or lot
6. get off (a horse)

  Familiarity information: LIGHT used as a verb is common.


LIGHT (adverb)
  The adverb LIGHT has 1 sense:

1. with few burdens

  Familiarity information: LIGHT used as an adverb is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


LIGHT (noun)


Sense 1light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural phenomena

Synonyms:

light; visible light; visible radiation

Context example:

the light was filtered through a soft glass window

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

actinic radiation; actinic ray (electromagnetic radiation that can produce photochemical reactions)

Domain category:

natural philosophy; physical science; physics (the science of matter and energy and their interactions)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "light"):

glow; incandescence (the phenomenon of light emission by a body as its temperature is raised)

lamplight (light from a lamp)

luminescence (light not due to incandescence; occurs at low temperatures)

meteor; shooting star (a streak of light in the sky at night that results when a meteoroid hits the earth's atmosphere and air friction causes the meteoroid to melt or vaporize or explode)

moon; moonlight; moonshine (the light of the moon)

starlight (the light of the stars)

sun; sunlight; sunshine (the rays of the sun)

scintillation ((physics) a flash of light that is produced in a phosphor when it absorbs a photon or ionizing particle)

streamer (light that streams)

torchlight (light from a torch or torches)

twilight (the diffused light from the sky when the sun is below the horizon but its rays are refracted by the atmosphere of the earth)

half-light (a greyish light (as at dawn or dusk or in dim interiors))

glow (a steady even light without flames)

beam; beam of light; irradiation; light beam; ray; ray of light; shaft; shaft of light (a column of light (as from a beacon))

candle flame; candlelight (the light provided by a burning candle)

corona (one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object)

counterglow; gegenschein (a faint spot of light in the night sky that appears directly opposite the position of the sun; a reflection of sunlight by micrometeoric material in space)

daylight (light during the daytime)

firelight (the light of a fire (especially in a fireplace))

fluorescence (light emitted during absorption of radiation of some other (invisible) wavelength)

friar's lantern; ignis fatuus; jack-o'-lantern; will-o'-the-wisp (a pale light sometimes seen at night over marshy ground)

gaslight (light yielded by the combustion of illuminating gas)

glow; glowing; radiance (the amount of electromagnetic radiation leaving or arriving at a point on a surface)

Holonyms ("light" is a part of...):

electromagnetic spectrum (the entire frequency range of electromagnetic waves)


Sense 2light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any device serving as a source of illumination

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

light source; light

Context example:

he stopped the car and turned off the lights

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

source of illumination (any device serving as a source of visible electromagnetic radiation)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "light"):

anchor light; riding lamp; riding light (a light in the rigging of a ship that is riding at anchor)

torch (a light carried in the hand; consists of some flammable substance)

theater light (any of various lights used in a theater)

strip lighting (light consisting of long tubes (instead of bulbs) that provide the illumination)

running light; sidelight (light carried by a boat that indicates the boat's direction; vessels at night carry a red light on the port bow and a green light on the starboard bow)

searchlight (a light source with reflectors that projects a beam of light in a particular direction)

room light (light that provides general illumination for a room)

panel light (a light to illuminate an instrument panel)

night-light (light (as a candle or small bulb) that burns in a bedroom at night (as for children or invalids))

navigation light (light on an airplane that indicates the plane's position and orientation; red light on the left (port) wing tip and green light on the right (starboard) wing tip)

blinker; flasher (a light that flashes on and off; used as a signal or to send messages)

fairy light (a small colored light used for decoration (especially at Christmas))

flood; flood lamp; floodlight; photoflood (light that is a source of artificial illumination having a broad beam; used in photography)

headlamp; headlight (a powerful light with reflector; attached to the front of an automobile or locomotive)

houselights (lights that illuminate the audience's part of a theater or other auditorium)

jacklight (a light used as a lure in hunting or fishing at night)


Sense 3light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A particular perspective or aspect of a situation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Context example:

although he saw it in a different light, he still did not understand

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

perspective; position; view (a way of regarding situations or topics etc.)


Sense 4light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

luminousness; luminosity; luminance; brightness level; brightness; light

Context example:

its luminosity is measured relative to that of our sun

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

physical property (a property used to characterize physical objects)

Attribute:

bright (emitting or reflecting light readily or in large amounts)

dull (emitting or reflecting very little light)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "light"):

illuminance; illumination (the luminous flux incident on a unit area)

incandescence (light from heat)

glow; luminescence (light from nonthermal sources)


Sense 5light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An illuminated area

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Context example:

he stepped into the light

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

scene (the place where some action occurs)


Sense 6light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

illumination; light

Context example:

follow God's light

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

condition; status (a state at a particular time)


Sense 7light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

lightness; light

Context example:

he could paint the lightest light and the darkest dark

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

visual property (an attribute of vision)

Attribute:

light (characterized by or emitting light)

dark (devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "light"):

brightness (the location of a visual perception along a continuum from black to white)

highlight; highlighting (an area of lightness in a picture)

sunniness (lightness created by sunlight)

aura; aureole; gloriole; glory; halo; nimbus (an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint)


Sense 8light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A person regarded very fondly

Classified under:

Nouns denoting people

Context example:

the light of my life

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

friend (a person you know well and regard with affection and trust)


Sense 9light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Mental understanding as an enlightening experience

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Context examples:

he finally saw the light / can you shed light on this problem?

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

brainstorm; brainwave; insight (the clear (and often sudden) understanding of a complex situation)


Sense 10light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Having abundant light or illumination

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

lighting; light

Context examples:

they played as long as it was light / as long as the lighting was good

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

illumination (the degree of visibility of your environment)

Antonym:

dark (absence of light or illumination)


Sense 11light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Public awareness

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Context example:

it brought the scandal to light

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

general knowledge; public knowledge (knowledge that is available to anyone)


Sense 12light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

sparkle; spark; twinkle; light

Context examples:

he had a sparkle in his eye / there's a perpetual twinkle in his eyes

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

aspect; expression; face; facial expression; look (the feelings expressed on a person's face)

verve; vitality (an energetic style)


Sense 13Light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul

Classified under:

Nouns denoting goals

Synonyms:

Christ Within; Inner Light; Light Within; Light

Hypernyms ("Light" is a kind of...):

ethical motive; ethics; morality; morals (motivation based on ideas of right and wrong)


Sense 14light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A visual warning signal

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Context examples:

they saw the light of the beacon / there was a light at every corner

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

visual signal (a signal that involves visual communication)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "light"):

stoplight; traffic light; traffic signal (a visual signal to control the flow of traffic at intersections)


Sense 15light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

igniter; ignitor; lighter; light

Context example:

do you have a light?

Hypernyms ("light" is a kind of...):

device (an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "light"):

cigar lighter; cigarette lighter; pocket lighter (a lighter for cigars or cigarettes)

fuse; fusee; fuze; fuzee; primer; priming (any igniter that is used to initiate the burning of a propellant)

friction match; lucifer; match (lighter consisting of a thin piece of wood or cardboard tipped with combustible chemical; ignites with friction)

match (a burning piece of wood or cardboard)


LIGHT (adjective)


Sense 1light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Of comparatively little physical weight or density

Context examples:

a light load / magnesium is a light metal--having a specific gravity of 1.74 at 20 degrees C

Similar:

low-density (having low relative density or specific gravity)

lighter-than-air (relating to a balloon or other aircraft that flies because it weighs less than the air it displaces)

buoyant; floaty (tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas)

airy (having little or no perceptible weight; so light as to resemble air)

Attribute:

weight (the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity)

Antonym:

heavy (of comparatively great physical weight or density)


Sense 2light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent

Synonyms:

light-colored; light

Context examples:

light blue / light colors such as pastels / a light-colored powder

Similar:

powdery (as if dulled in color with a sprinkling of powder)

pastel (delicate and pale in color)

palish (slightly pale)

pale (very light colored; highly diluted with white)

Also:

white (being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light)

Attribute:

value (relative darkness or lightness of a color)

Antonym:

dark ((used of color) having a dark hue)


Sense 3light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment

Context examples:

light infantry / light cavalry / light industry / light weapons

Similar:

light-armed; lightly-armed (armed with light weapons)

Antonym:

heavy (of the military or industry; using (or being) the heaviest and most powerful armaments or weapons or equipment)


Sense 4light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Not great in degree or quantity or number

Context examples:

a light sentence / a light accent / casualties were light / light snow was falling / light misty rain / light smoke from the chimney

Antonym:

heavy (unusually great in degree or quantity or number)


Sense 5light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles

Context example:

a light heart

Similar:

casual; fooling (characterized by a feeling of irresponsibility)

Antonym:

heavy (marked by great psychological weight; weighted down especially with sadness or troubles or weariness)


Sense 6light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Characterized by or emitting light

Context examples:

a room that is light when the shutters are open / the inside of the house was airy and light

Similar:

illuminating (providing light)

white (of summer nights in northern latitudes where the sun barely sets)

lamplit (lighted by a lamp)

lighting-up (turning lights on)

livid ((of a light) imparting a deathlike luminosity)

luminescent (emitting light not caused by heat)

phosphorescent (emitting light without appreciable heat as by slow oxidation of phosphorous)

illuminated; lighted; lit; well-lighted (provided with artificial light)

fluorescent (emitting light during exposure to radiation from an external source)

floodlighted; floodlit (illuminated by means of floodlights)

candescent (glowing from great heat)

bright (having lots of light either natural or artificial)

bioluminescent ((of living organisms) emitting light)

autofluorescent (emitting light via self-induced fluorescence)

ablaze; inflamed; reddened (lighted with red light as if with flames)

candent; incandescent (emitting light as a result of being heated)

sunlit; sunstruck (lighted by sunlight)

Attribute:

light; lightness (the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures)

Antonym:

dark (devoid of or deficient in light or brightness; shadowed or black)


Sense 7light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress

Synonyms:

unaccented; weak; light

Context examples:

a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable / a weak stress on the second syllable

Similar:

unstressed (not bearing a stress or accent)


Sense 8light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned

Context example:

a light diet

Similar:

digestible (capable of being converted into assimilable condition in the alimentary canal)


Sense 9light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(used of soil) loose and large-grained in consistency

Synonyms:

sandy; friable; light

Context example:

light sandy soil

Similar:

loose (not compact or dense in structure or arrangement)


Sense 10light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims

Synonyms:

unclouded; clean; clear; light

Context examples:

efforts to obtain a clean bass in orchestral recordings / clear laughter like a waterfall / clear reds and blues / a light lilting voice like a silver bell

Similar:

pure (free of extraneous elements of any kind)


Sense 11light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Moving easily and quickly; nimble

Synonyms:

lightsome; tripping; light

Context examples:

the dancer was light and graceful / a lightsome buoyant step / walked with a light tripping step

Similar:

light-footed ((of movement) having a light and springy step)


Sense 12light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Demanding little effort; not burdensome

Context examples:

light housework / light exercise

Similar:

undemanding (not demanding; requiring little if any patience or effort or skill)


Sense 13light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Of little intensity or power or force

Context examples:

the light touch of her fingers / a light breeze

Similar:

easy; gentle; soft (having little impact)

Antonym:

heavy (of great intensity or power or force)


Sense 14light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average

Context example:

light water is ordinary water

Domain category:

chemical science; chemistry (the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions)

Antonym:

heavy ((physics, chemistry) being or containing an isotope with greater than average atomic mass or weight)


Sense 15light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Weak and likely to lose consciousness

Synonyms:

swooning; light-headed; lightheaded; faint; light

Context examples:

suddenly felt faint from the pain / was sick and faint from hunger / felt light in the head / a swooning fit / light-headed with wine / light-headed from lack of sleep

Similar:

ill; sick (affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function)


Sense 16light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Very thin and insubstantial

Synonyms:

flimsy; light

Context examples:

thin paper / flimsy voile / light summer dresses

Similar:

thin (of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section)


Sense 17light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Marked by temperance in indulgence

Synonyms:

abstemious; light

Context examples:

abstemious with the use of adverbs / a light eater / a light smoker / ate a light supper

Similar:

temperate (not extreme in behavior)


Sense 18light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so

Synonyms:

scant; short; light

Context examples:

a light pound / a scant cup of sugar / regularly gives short weight

Similar:

deficient; insufficient (of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement)


Sense 19light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Having little importance

Context example:

losing his job was no light matter

Similar:

insignificant; unimportant (not important or noteworthy)


Sense 20light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound

Context examples:

light verse / a light comedy

Similar:

frivolous (not serious in content or attitude or behavior)


Sense 21light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Silly or trivial

Synonyms:

idle; light

Context examples:

idle pleasure / light banter / light idle chatter

Similar:

frivolous (not serious in content or attitude or behavior)


Sense 22light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight

Context examples:

light aircraft / a light truck

Similar:

light-duty (not designed for heavy work)


Sense 23light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Having relatively few calories

Synonyms:

calorie-free; lite; low-cal; light

Context examples:

diet cola / light (or lite) beer / lite (or light) mayonnaise / a low-cal diet

Similar:

fat-free; fatless; nonfat (without fat or fat solids)


Sense 24light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(of sleep) easily disturbed

Synonyms:

wakeful; light

Context examples:

in a light doze / a light sleeper / a restless wakeful night

Similar:

shallow (not deep or strong; not affecting one deeply)


Sense 25light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior

Synonyms:

promiscuous; sluttish; wanton; easy; loose; light

Context examples:

her easy virtue / he was told to avoid loose (or light) women / wanton behavior

Similar:

unchaste (not chaste)


LIGHT (verb)


Sense 1light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make lighter or brighter

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

illume; illuminate; illumine; light; light up

Context example:

This lamp lightens the room a bit

Hypernyms (to "light" is one way to...):

lighten; lighten up (become lighter)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "light"):

spotlight (illuminate with a spotlight, as in the theater)

floodlight (illuminate with floodlights)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 2light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Begin to smoke

Classified under:

Verbs of eating and drinking

Synonyms:

light; fire up; light up

Context example:

After the meal, some of the diners lit up

Hypernyms (to "light" is one way to...):

ignite; light (cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat)

"Light" entails doing...:

smoke (inhale and exhale smoke from cigarettes, cigars, pipes)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something


Sense 3light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

To come to rest, settle

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

alight; perch; light

Context example:

Misfortune lighted upon him

Hypernyms (to "light" is one way to...):

land; set down (reach or come to rest)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s PP


Sense 4light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat

Classified under:

Verbs of raining, snowing, thawing, thundering

Synonyms:

ignite; light

Context examples:

Great heat can ignite almost any dry matter / Light a cigarette

Hypernyms (to "light" is one way to...):

burn; combust (cause to burn or combust)

Cause:

burn; combust (undergo combustion)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "light"):

fire up; light; light up (begin to smoke)

reignite (ignite anew, as of something burning)

conflagrate; enkindle; inflame; kindle (cause to start burning)

light up (ignite)

flare up (ignite quickly and suddenly, especially after having died down)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 5light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Fall to somebody by assignment or lot

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

light; fall

Context examples:

The task fell to me / It fell to me to notify the parents of the victims

Hypernyms (to "light" is one way to...):

devolve; fall; pass; return (be inherited by)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s somebody
Somebody ----s somebody to INFINITIVE


Sense 6light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Get off (a horse)

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

dismount; unhorse; get down; light; get off

Hypernyms (to "light" is one way to...):

come down; descend; fall; go down (move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way)

Domain category:

horseback riding; riding (to be carried on horseback as a means of transportation)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s


LIGHT (adverb)


Sense 1light [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

With few burdens

Synonyms:

light; lightly

Context example:

experienced travellers travel light


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"All cats love fish but hate to get their paws wet." (English proverb)

"All dreams spin out from the same web." (Native American proverb, Hopi)

"Leading by example is better than giving an advice." (Arabic proverb)

"Hunger is the best cook." (Czech proverb)

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