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LEAVE (leaves, left)

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does leave mean? 

LEAVE (noun)
  The noun LEAVE has 3 senses:

1. the period of time during which you are absent from work or duty
2. permission to do something
3. the act of departing politely

  Familiarity information: LEAVE used as a noun is uncommon.


LEAVE (verb)
  The verb LEAVE has 14 senses:

1. go away from a place
2. go and leave behind, either intentionally or by neglect or forgetfulness
3. act or be so as to become in a specified state
4. leave unchanged or undisturbed or refrain from taking
5. move out of or depart from
6. make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain
7. have as a result or residue
8. remove oneself from an association with or participation in
9. put into the care or protection of someone
10. leave or give by will after one's death
11. have left or have as a remainder
12. be survived by after one's death
13. tell or deposit (information) knowledge
14. leave behind unintentionally

  Familiarity information: LEAVE used as a verb is familiar.


 Dictionary entry details 


LEAVE (noun)


Sense 1leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The period of time during which you are absent from work or duty

Classified under:

Nouns denoting time and temporal relations

Synonyms:

leave of absence; leave

Context example:

a ten day's leave to visit his mother

Hypernyms ("leave" is a kind of...):

time off (a time period when you are not required to work)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "leave"):

terminal leave (final leave before discharge from military service)

sick leave (a leave of absence from work because of illness)

liberty; shore leave (leave granted to a sailor or naval officer)

sabbatical; sabbatical leave (a leave usually taken every seventh year)

compassionate leave ((military) leave granted in an emergency such as family sickness or death)

pass ((military) a written leave of absence)

furlough (a temporary leave of absence from military duty)


Sense 2leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Permission to do something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Context example:

she was granted leave to speak

Hypernyms ("leave" is a kind of...):

permission (approval to do something)


Sense 3leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of departing politely

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

leave-taking; parting; farewell; leave

Context examples:

he disliked long farewells / he took his leave / parting is such sweet sorrow

Hypernyms ("leave" is a kind of...):

departure; going; going away; leaving (act of departing)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "leave"):

valediction (the act of saying farewell)


LEAVE (verb)


Sense 1leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Go away from a place

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

leave; go forth; go away

Context examples:

At what time does your train leave? / She didn't leave until midnight / The ship leaves at midnight

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

go out (take the field)

linger; tarry (leave slowly and hesitantly)

depart; part; set forth; set off; set out; start; start out; take off (leave)

get out; pull out (move out or away)

rush away; rush off (depart in a hurry)

break away; bunk; escape; fly the coop; head for the hills; hightail it; lam; run; run away; scarper; scat; take to the woods; turn tail (flee; take to one's heels; cut and run)

slip away; sneak away; sneak off; sneak out; steal away (leave furtively and stealthily)

abandon; empty; vacate (leave behind empty; move out of)

ride away; ride off (ride away on a horse, for example)

beetle off; bolt; bolt out; run off; run out (leave suddenly and as if in a hurry)

bugger off; buzz off; fuck off; get; scram (leave immediately; used usually in the imperative form)

go out (leave the house to go somewhere)

depart; quit; take leave (go away or leave)

pop off (leave quickly)

walk away; walk off (go away from)

hightail (leave as fast as possible)

walk out (leave abruptly, often in protest or anger)

come away (leave in a certain condition)

decamp; skip; vamoose (leave suddenly)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s

Sentence example:

John will leave angry

Antonym:

arrive (reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress)


Sense 2leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Go and leave behind, either intentionally or by neglect or forgetfulness

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Context examples:

She left a mess when she moved out / His good luck finally left him / her husband left her after 20 years of marriage / she wept thinking she had been left behind

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

abandon; desert; desolate; forsake (leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch)

jilt (cast aside capriciously or unfeelingly)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody

Sentence examples:

They leave the people the food
They leave the money in the closet


Sense 3leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Act or be so as to become in a specified state

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Context examples:

The inflation left them penniless / The president's remarks left us speechless

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

get; make (give certain properties to something)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s something Adjective/Noun
Something ----s somebody


Sense 4leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Leave unchanged or undisturbed or refrain from taking

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

leave alone; leave behind; leave

Context examples:

leave it as is / leave the young fawn alone / leave the flowers that you see in the park behind

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

forbear; refrain (resist doing something)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

let (leave unchanged)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody PP
Somebody ----s something PP


Sense 5leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Move out of or depart from

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Synonyms:

exit; get out; go out; leave

Context examples:

leave the room / the fugitive has left the country

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

move (move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

log off; log out (exit a computer)

undock (move out of a dock)

eject (leave an aircraft rapidly, using an ejection seat or capsule)

step out (go outside a room or building for a short period of time)

get off (leave a vehicle, aircraft, etc.)

fall out (leave (a barracks) in order to take a place in a military formation, or leave a military formation)

get off; hop out (get out of quickly)

file out (march out, in a file)

pop out (exit briefly)

depart; go; go away (move away from a place into another direction)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something

Sentence example:

The men leave the boat


Sense 6leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Synonyms:

allow for; allow; provide; leave

Context examples:

This leaves no room for improvement / The evidence allows only one conclusion / allow for mistakes / leave lots of time for the trip / This procedure provides for lots of leeway

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

afford; give; yield (be the cause or source of)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 7leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Have as a result or residue

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Synonyms:

lead; result; leave

Context examples:

The water left a mark on the silk dress / Her blood left a stain on the napkin

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

bring about; give rise; produce (cause to happen, occur or exist)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

lead (tend to or result in)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s something


Sense 8leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Remove oneself from an association with or participation in

Classified under:

Verbs of political and social activities and events

Synonyms:

pull up stakes; depart; leave

Context examples:

She wants to leave / The teenager left home / She left her position with the Red Cross / He left the Senate after two terms / after 20 years with the same company, she pulled up stakes

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

change (undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

leave office; quit; resign; step down (give up or retire from a position)

drop out (leave school or an educational program prematurely)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s
Somebody ----s something

Sentence example:

They leave the countryside


Sense 9leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Put into the care or protection of someone

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

entrust; leave

Context examples:

He left the decision to his deputy / leave your child the nurse's care

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

give; hand; pass; pass on; reach; turn over (place into the hands or custody of)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something to somebody

Sentence examples:

They leave the money to them
They leave them the money


Sense 10leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Leave or give by will after one's death

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

bequeath; will; leave

Context examples:

My aunt bequeathed me all her jewelry / My grandfather left me his entire estate

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

gift; give; present (give as a present; make a gift of)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

entail; fee-tail (limit the inheritance of property to a specific class of heirs)

remember (show appreciation to)

pass on (give to or transfer possession of)

devise (give by will, especially real property)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody something
Somebody ----s something to somebody

Sentence examples:

They leave the money to them
They leave them the money


Sense 11leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Have left or have as a remainder

Classified under:

Verbs of being, having, spatial relations

Context examples:

That left the four of us / 19 minus 8 leaves 11

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

have (have left)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something


Sense 12leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be survived by after one's death

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

leave behind; leave

Context examples:

He left six children / At her death, she left behind her husband and 11 cats

"Leave" entails doing...:

buy the farm; cash in one's chips; choke; conk; croak; decease; die; drop dead; exit; expire; give-up the ghost; go; kick the bucket; pass; pass away; perish; pop off; snuff it (pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "leave"):

widow (cause to be without a spouse)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s somebody

Sentence example:

Sam cannot leave Sue


Sense 13leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Tell or deposit (information) knowledge

Classified under:

Verbs of buying, selling, owning

Synonyms:

impart; pass on; give; leave

Context examples:

give a secret to the Russians / leave your name and address here

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

tell (let something be known)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s something to somebody


Sense 14leave [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Leave behind unintentionally

Classified under:

Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting

Synonyms:

forget; leave

Context examples:

I forgot my umbrella in the restaurant / I left my keys inside the car and locked the doors

Hypernyms (to "leave" is one way to...):

lose (miss from one's possessions; lose sight of)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Somebody ----s somebody
Somebody ----s something PP

Sentence example:

They leave the money in the closet


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"No hoof, no horse." (English proverb)

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