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ITALY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does Italy mean? 

ITALY (noun)
  The noun ITALY has 1 sense:

1. a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD

  Familiarity information: ITALY used as a noun is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


ITALY (noun)


Sense 1Italy [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD

Classified under:

Nouns denoting spatial position

Synonyms:

Italia; Italian Republic; Italy

Instance hypernyms:

European country; European nation (countries occupying the European continent)

Meronyms (parts of "Italy"):

Po; Po River (a European river; flows into the Adriatic Sea)

Sardegna; Sardinia (the Italian region on the island of Sardinia; the kingdom of Sardinia was the nucleus for uniting Italy during the 19th century)

Apulia; Puglia (a region in southeastern Italy on the Adriatic)

Piedmont; Piemonte (the region of northwestern Italy; includes the Po valley)

Papal States (the temporal dominions belonging to the pope (especially in central Italy))

Molise (a region of south central Italy)

Marche; Marches (a region in central Italy)

Lombardia; Lombardy (a region of north central Italy bordering Switzerland)

Liguria (region of northwestern Italy on the Ligurian Sea)

Tibur; Tivoli (a town twenty miles east of Rome (Tibur is the ancient name); a summer resort during the Roman empire; noted for its waterfalls)

Brindisi (a port city in southeastern Apulia in Italy; a center for the Crusades in the Middle Ages)

Anzio (a town of central Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea; the Allies established a beachhead at Anzio in World War II)

capital of Italy; Eternal City; Italian capital; Roma; Rome (capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire)

Latium; Lazio (an ancient region of west central Italy (southeast of Rome) on the Tyrrhenian Sea)

Friuli-Venezia Giulia (a region in northeastern Italy)

Sicilia; Sicily (the Italian region on the island of Sicily)

Toscana; Tuscany (a region in central Italy)

Trentino-Alto Adige (a region of northeastern Italy bordering Austria)

Mont Blanc; Monte Bianco (the highest mountain peak in the Alps; on the border between France and Italy south of Geneva (15,781 feet high))

Matterhorn (a mountain in the Alps on the border between Switzerland and Italy (14,780 feet high); noted for its distinctive shape)

Dolomite Alps (an eastern range of the Alps in northeastern Italy famous for their dolomitic limestone)

Brenner Pass (an Alpine mountain pass connecting Innsbruck in Austria with Bolzano in Italy that has long been a route for trade and for invasions)

Bay of Naples (an arm of the Tyrrhenian Sea at Naples)

Apennines (a mountain range extending the length of the Italian peninsula)

Alps; the Alps (a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction)

Adige; River Adige (a river in northern Italy that flows southeast into the Adriatic Sea)

Mount Vesuvius; Mt. Vesuvius; Vesuvius (a volcano in southwestern Italy on the Mediterranean coast; a Plinian eruption in 79 AD buried Pompeii and killed Pliny the Elder; last erupted in 1944)

Savoy (a geographical region of historical importance; a former duchy in what is now southwestern France, western Switzerland, and northwestern Italy)

Riviera (a coastal area between La Spezia in Italy and Cannes in France)

Etruria (an ancient country in central Italy; assimilated by the Romans by about 200 BC)

Venetia; Veneto; Venezia-Euganea (a region of northeastern Italy on the Adriatic)

Valle D'Aosta (a region in northwestern Italy)

Umbria (a mountainous region in central Italy)

Emilia-Romagna (a region of north central Italy on the Adriatic)

Ferrara (a city in northern Italy)

Appian Way (an ancient Roman road in Italy extending south from Rome to Brindisi; begun in 312 BC)

Flaminian Way (an ancient Roman road in Italy built by Gaius Flaminius in 220 BC; extends north from Rome to cisalpine Gaul)

Leaning Tower; Leaning Tower of Pisa (a tall round marble campanile in Pisa that is not perpendicular; construction was begun in 1174)

Arno; Arno River; River Arno (a river in central Italy rising in the Apennines and flowing through Florence and Pisa to the Ligurian Sea)

Italian Peninsula (a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea)

Pompeii (ancient city southeast of Naples that was buried by a volcanic eruption from Vesuvius)

Herculaneum (ancient city; now destroyed)

Abruzzi; Abruzzi e Molise (a mountainous region of central Italy on the Adriatic)

Basilicata; Lucania (a region of southern Italy (forming the instep of the Italian 'boot'))

Bolzano (an Italian city in Trentino-Alto Adige near the Austrian border; noted as a resort and for its Alpine scenery)

Brescia (an ancient Italian city in central Lombardy)

Campania (a region of southwestern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea including the islands of Capri and Ischia)

Calabria (a region of southern Italy (forming the toe of the Italian 'boot'))

Meronyms (members of "Italy"):

Italian (a native or inhabitant of Italy)

Sabine (a member of an ancient Oscan-speaking people of the central Apennines north of Rome who were conquered and assimilated into the Roman state in 290 BC)

Domain member region:

Salerno (a battle in World War II; the port was captured by United States troops in September 1943)

Battle of Ravenna; Ravenna (a battle between the French and an alliance of Spaniards and Swiss and Venetians in 1512)

battle of Trasimeno; Trasimeno (a battle in central Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans under Flaminius in 217 BC)

Metaurus River (a battle during the second Punic War (207 BC); Hannibal's brother Hasdrubal was defeated by the Romans which ended Hannibal's hopes for success in Italy)

Marengo (a battle in 1800 in which the French under Napoleon Bonaparte won a great victory over the Austrians)

Battle of Magenta; Magenta (a battle in 1859 in which the French and Sardinian forces under Napoleon III defeated the Austrians under Francis Joseph I)

Battle of Lake Trasimenus; Lake Trasimenus (a battle in 217 BC in which Hannibal ambushed a Roman army led by Flaminius)

battle of Caporetto; Caporetto (battle of World War I (1917); Italians were defeated by the Austrian and German forces)

Cannae (ancient city is southeastern Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 BC)

battle of Solferino; Solferino (an indecisive battle in 1859 between the French and Sardinians under Napoleon III and the Austrians under Francis Joseph I)

spaghetti Western (a low-budget Western movie produced by a European (especially an Italian) film company)

Calabria (a region of southern Italy (forming the toe of the Italian 'boot'))

Basilicata; Lucania (a region of southern Italy (forming the instep of the Italian 'boot'))

commune (the smallest administrative district of several European countries)

NIPR; Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei; Revolutionary Proletarian Nucleus (a clandestine group of leftist extremists who oppose Italy's labor policies and foreign policy; responsible for bombing building in the historic center of Rome from 2000 to 2002)

BR; Brigate Rosse; Red Brigades (a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989)

calamari; calamary; squid ((Italian cuisine) squid prepared as food)

polenta (a thick mush made of cornmeal boiled in stock or water)

grissino (a long slender crusty breadstick)

Italian (the Romance language spoken in Italy)

aloha; ciao (an acknowledgment that can be used to say hello or goodbye (aloha is Hawaiian and ciao is Italian))

al dente (of pasta cooked so as to be firm when eaten)

Holonyms ("Italy" is a part of...):

Europe (the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use 'Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles)

Holonyms ("Italy" is a member of...):

Common Market; EC; EEC; EU; Europe; European Community; European Economic Community; European Union (an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members)

NATO; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security)


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