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INJURY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does injury mean? 

INJURY (noun)
  The noun INJURY has 4 senses:

1. any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
2. an accident that results in physical damage or hurt
3. a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat
4. an act that injures someone

  Familiarity information: INJURY used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


INJURY (noun)


Sense 1injury [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

harm; hurt; injury; trauma

Hypernyms ("injury" is a kind of...):

health problem; ill health; unhealthiness (a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "injury"):

intravasation (entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel)

penetrating injury; penetrating trauma (injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body)

pinch (an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed)

rupture (state of being torn or burst open)

bite; insect bite; sting (a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin)

strain (injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain)

whiplash; whiplash injury (an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident))

wale; weal; welt; wheal (a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions)

lesion; wound (any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision)

cryopathy; frostbite (destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene)

break; fracture (breaking of hard tissue such as bone)

birth trauma (physical injury to an infant during the birth process)

blast trauma (injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces))

bleeding; haemorrhage; hemorrhage (flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels)

blunt trauma (injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car))

bruise; contusion (an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration)

bump (a lump on the body caused by a blow)

burn (an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation)

dislocation (a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column))

electric shock (trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness)

pull; twist; wrench (a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments)


Sense 2injury [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An accident that results in physical damage or hurt

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

accidental injury; injury

Hypernyms ("injury" is a kind of...):

accident (a mishap; especially one causing injury or death)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "injury"):

concussion (injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness)

mutilation (an injury that deprives you of a limb or other important body part)


Sense 3injury [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A casualty to military personnel resulting from combat

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

combat injury; wound; injury

Hypernyms ("injury" is a kind of...):

loss; personnel casualty (military personnel lost by death or capture)

Domain category:

armed forces; armed services; military; military machine; war machine (the military forces of a nation)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "injury"):

flesh wound (a wound that does not damage important internal organs or shatter any bones)

blighty wound (a wound that would cause an English soldier to be sent home from service abroad)


Sense 4injury [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An act that injures someone

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Hypernyms ("injury" is a kind of...):

actus reus; misconduct; wrongdoing; wrongful conduct (activity that transgresses moral or civil law)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "injury"):

disservice; ill service; ill turn (an act intended to help that turns out badly)

spoil; spoilage; spoiling (the act of spoiling something by causing damage to it)


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