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INFLATION

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does inflation mean? 

INFLATION (noun)
  The noun INFLATION has 4 senses:

1. a general and progressive increase in prices
2. (cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang
3. lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity
4. the act of filling something with air

  Familiarity information: INFLATION used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


INFLATION (noun)


Sense 1inflation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A general and progressive increase in prices

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Synonyms:

inflation; rising prices

Context example:

in inflation everything gets more valuable except money

Hypernyms ("inflation" is a kind of...):

economic process (any process affecting the production and development and management of material wealth)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "inflation"):

cost-pull inflation (inflation caused by an increase in the costs of production)

demand-pull inflation (inflation caused by an increase in demand or in the supply of money)

inflationary spiral (an episode of inflation in which prices increase at an increasing rate and currency rapidly loses value)

reflation (inflation of currency after a period of deflation; restore the system to a previous state)

stagflation (a period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation))

Antonym:

deflation (a contraction of economic activity resulting in a decline of prices)

disinflation (a reduction of prices intended to improve the balance of payments)


Sense 2inflation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(cosmology) a brief exponential expansion of the universe (faster than the speed of light) postulated to have occurred shortly after the big bang

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Hypernyms ("inflation" is a kind of...):

blowup; detonation; explosion (a violent release of energy caused by a chemical or nuclear reaction)

Domain category:

cosmogeny; cosmogony; cosmology (the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe)


Sense 3inflation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Lack of elegance as a consequence of being pompous and puffed up with vanity

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

splashiness; pretentiousness; pompousness; pomposity; ostentatiousness; ostentation; puffiness; inflation

Hypernyms ("inflation" is a kind of...):

inelegance (the quality of lacking refinement and good taste)


Sense 4inflation [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of filling something with air

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Hypernyms ("inflation" is a kind of...):

enlargement; expansion (the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope)

Antonym:

deflation (the act of letting the air out of something)


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