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INFECTION

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does infection mean? 

INFECTION (noun)
  The noun INFECTION has 7 senses:

1. the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
2. (phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound
3. (medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
4. an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted
5. the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people
6. moral corruption or contamination
7. (international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure

  Familiarity information: INFECTION used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


INFECTION (noun)


Sense 1infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

health problem; ill health; unhealthiness (a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain)

Meronyms (parts of "infection"):

incubation ((pathology) the phase in the development of an infection between the time a pathogen enters the body and the time the first symptoms appear)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "infection"):

staphylococcal infection (an infection with staphylococcus bacteria; usually marked by abscess formation)

septic sore throat; strep throat; streptococcal sore throat; streptococcus tonsilitis; throat infection (an infection of the oral pharynx and tonsils by streptococcus)

eye infection; hordeolum; sty; stye (an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid)

superinfection (infection that occurs while you are being treated for another infection)

suprainfection (secondary infection caused by an opportunistic infection)

tapeworm infection (intestinal infection by a species of parasitic tapeworm; usually the result of eating inadequately cooked meat or fish)

lockjaw; tetanus (an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages)

toxoplasmosis (infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman it can result in serious damage to the fetus)

viral infection; virus infection (infection by a virus that is pathogenic to humans)

sore (an open skin infection)

sepsis (the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues)

bilharzia; bilharziasis; schistosomiasis (an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected)

enterobiasis (an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by the pinworm Enterobius vermicularis; occurs especially in children)

felon; whitlow (a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail)

focal infection (bacterial infection limited to a specific organ or region especially one causing symptoms elsewhere)

cross infection; nonsocial infection (an infection that is acquired at a hospital or other healthcare facility)

opportunistic infection (any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs))

paronychia (infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe)

protozoal infection (any infection caused by a protozoan)

respiratory infection; respiratory tract infection (any infection of the respiratory tract)

itch; scabies (a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation)

vaccina; vaccinia; variola vaccina; variola vaccine; variola vaccinia (a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar)


Sense 2infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(phonetics) the alteration of a speech sound under the influence of a neighboring sound

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

linguistic process (a process involved in human language)

Domain category:

phonetics (the branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis)


Sense 3infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural processes

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

pathologic process; pathological process (an organic process occurring as a consequence of disease)

Domain category:

medical specialty; medicine (the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "infection"):

zymosis ((medicine) the development and spread of an infectious disease (especially one caused by a fungus))


Sense 4infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

contagion; transmission; infection

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

incident (a single distinct event)


Sense 5infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

contagion; infection

Context examples:

a contagion of mirth / the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

communication (something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups)


Sense 6infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Moral corruption or contamination

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Context example:

ambitious men are led astray by an infection that is almost unavoidable

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

corruption; corruptness (lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery); use of a position of trust for dishonest gain)


Sense 7infection [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(international law) illegality that taints or contaminates a ship or cargo rendering it liable to seizure

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Hypernyms ("infection" is a kind of...):

illegality (unlawfulness by virtue of violating some legal statute)

Domain category:

jurisprudence; law (the collection of rules imposed by authority)


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 INFECTION: related words searches 

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