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IMPAIRMENT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does impairment mean? 

IMPAIRMENT (noun)
  The noun IMPAIRMENT has 5 senses:

1. the occurrence of a change for the worse
2. a symptom of reduced quality or strength
3. the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
4. damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
5. the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)

  Familiarity information: IMPAIRMENT used as a noun is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


IMPAIRMENT (noun)


Sense 1impairment [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The occurrence of a change for the worse

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

impairment; damage; harm

Hypernyms ("impairment" is a kind of...):

alteration; change; modification (an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "impairment"):

detriment; hurt (a damage or loss)

deformation; distortion (a change for the worse)

ladder; ravel; run (a row of unravelled stitches)


Sense 2impairment [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A symptom of reduced quality or strength

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

deterioration; impairment

Hypernyms ("impairment" is a kind of...):

decay (an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "impairment"):

corrosion (a state of deterioration in metals caused by oxidation or chemical action)

desolation; devastation (the state of being decayed or destroyed)

decrepitude; dilapidation (a state of deterioration due to old age or long use)

wear (impairment resulting from long use)


Sense 3impairment [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

disability; disablement; handicap; impairment

Context examples:

reading disability / hearing impairment

Hypernyms ("impairment" is a kind of...):

bad condition; poor shape; softness; unfitness (poor physical condition; being out of shape or out of condition (as from a life of ease and luxury))

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "impairment"):

vision defect; visual defect; visual disorder; visual impairment (impairment of the sense of sight)

descensus; prolapse; prolapsus (the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus))

hypesthesia; hypoesthesia (impairment of tactile sensitivity; decrease of sensitivity)

genu valgum; knock-knee; tibia valga (an inward slant of the thigh)

pigeon toes (disability in which the toes are turned inward; often associated with knock-knee)

bandy legs; bow leg; bow legs (outward curvature of the legs)

dysomia (impairment of the sense of smell)

hearing disorder; hearing impairment (impairment of the sense of hearing)

bowleg; genu varum; tibia vara (a leg bowed outward at the knee (or below the knee))

anorgasmia (absence of an orgasm in sexual relations)

dysphasia (an impairment of language (especially speech production) that is usually due to brain damage)

disability of walking (a disability that interferes with or prevents walking)

astasia (inability to stand due to muscular incoordination)

amputation (a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs)


Sense 4impairment [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Hypernyms ("impairment" is a kind of...):

damage; harm; hurt; scathe (the act of damaging something or someone)


Sense 5impairment [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

deadening; constipation; stultification; impairment

Hypernyms ("impairment" is a kind of...):

debasement; degradation (changing to a lower state (a less respected state))


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Two's company, three's a crowd." (English proverb)

"Listen or your tongue will keep you deaf." (Native American proverb, Cree)

"For smart people, signs can replace words." (Arabic proverb)

"A horse aged thirty: don't add any more years." (Corsican proverb)

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