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IMMUNITY

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does immunity mean? 

IMMUNITY (noun)
  The noun IMMUNITY has 4 senses:

1. the state of not being susceptible
2. (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
3. the quality of being unaffected by something
4. an act exempting someone

  Familiarity information: IMMUNITY used as a noun is uncommon.


 Dictionary entry details 


IMMUNITY (noun)


Sense 1immunity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The state of not being susceptible

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

immunity; unsusceptibility

Context example:

unsusceptibility to rust

Hypernyms ("immunity" is a kind of...):

condition; status (a state at a particular time)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "immunity"):

exemption; freedom (immunity from an obligation or duty)


Sense 2immunity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

(medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

immunity; resistance

Hypernyms ("immunity" is a kind of...):

condition; status (a state at a particular time)

Domain category:

medical specialty; medicine (the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "immunity"):

immunogenicity (the property of eliciting an immune response)

acquired immunity (immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination)

innate immunity; natural immunity (immunity to disease that occurs as part of an individual's natural biologic makeup)


Sense 3immunity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The quality of being unaffected by something

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Context example:

immunity to criticism

Hypernyms ("immunity" is a kind of...):

invulnerability (the property of being invulnerable; the property of being incapable of being hurt (physically or emotionally))


Sense 4immunity [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

An act exempting someone

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

granting immunity; exemption; immunity

Context example:

he was granted immunity from prosecution

Hypernyms ("immunity" is a kind of...):

discharge; release; waiver (a formal written statement of relinquishment)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "immunity"):

fix (an exemption granted after influence (e.g., money) is brought to bear)

official immunity (personal immunity accorded to a public official from liability to anyone injured by actions that are the consequence of exerting official authority)

sovereign immunity (an exemption that precludes bringing a suit against the sovereign government without the government's consent)

testimonial immunity; use immunity (an exemption that displaces the privilege against self-incrimination; neither compelled testimony or any fruits of it can be used against the witness who therefore can no longer fear self-incrimination)


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