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HURT

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does hurt mean? 

HURT (noun)
  The noun HURT has 5 senses:

1. any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
2. psychological suffering
3. feelings of mental or physical pain
4. a damage or loss
5. the act of damaging something or someone

  Familiarity information: HURT used as a noun is common.


HURT (adjective)
  The adjective HURT has 2 senses:

1. suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle
2. damaged inanimate objects or their value

  Familiarity information: HURT used as an adjective is rare.


HURT (verb)
  The verb HURT has 7 senses:

1. be the source of pain
2. give trouble or pain to
3. cause emotional anguish or make miserable
4. cause damage or affect negatively
5. hurt the feelings of
6. feel physical pain
7. feel pain or be in pain

  Familiarity information: HURT used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


HURT (noun)


Sense 1hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

Classified under:

Nouns denoting stable states of affairs

Synonyms:

harm; hurt; injury; trauma

Hypernyms ("hurt" is a kind of...):

health problem; ill health; unhealthiness (a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "hurt"):

penetrating injury; penetrating trauma (injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body)

pinch (an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed)

rupture (state of being torn or burst open)

bite; insect bite; sting (a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin)

strain (injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain)

whiplash; whiplash injury (an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident))

wale; weal; welt; wheal (a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions)

lesion; wound (any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision)

pull; twist; wrench (a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments)

intravasation (entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel)

cryopathy; frostbite (destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene)

break; fracture (breaking of hard tissue such as bone)

birth trauma (physical injury to an infant during the birth process)

blast trauma (injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces))

bleeding; haemorrhage; hemorrhage (flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels)

blunt trauma (injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car))

bruise; contusion (an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration)

bump (a lump on the body caused by a blow)

burn (an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation)

dislocation (a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column))

electric shock (trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness)


Sense 2hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Psychological suffering

Classified under:

Nouns denoting feelings and emotions

Synonyms:

distress; hurt; suffering

Context example:

the death of his wife caused him great distress

Hypernyms ("hurt" is a kind of...):

pain; painfulness (emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "hurt"):

wound (a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride))

tsoris ((Yiddish) trouble and suffering)

self-torment; self-torture (self-imposed distress)

anguish; torment; torture (extreme mental distress)


Sense 3hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Feelings of mental or physical pain

Classified under:

Nouns denoting feelings and emotions

Synonyms:

hurt; suffering

Hypernyms ("hurt" is a kind of...):

pain; painfulness (emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "hurt"):

agony; torment; torture (intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain)

throes (violent pangs of suffering)

discomfort; irritation; soreness (an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress)


Sense 4hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A damage or loss

Classified under:

Nouns denoting natural events

Synonyms:

detriment; hurt

Hypernyms ("hurt" is a kind of...):

damage; harm; impairment (the occurrence of a change for the worse)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "hurt"):

expense (a detriment or sacrifice)


Sense 5hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The act of damaging something or someone

Classified under:

Nouns denoting acts or actions

Synonyms:

scathe; damage; harm; hurt

Hypernyms ("hurt" is a kind of...):

change of integrity (the act of changing the unity or wholeness of something)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "hurt"):

impairment (damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality)

defacement; disfiguration; disfigurement (the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something)

wound; wounding (the act of inflicting a wound)

burn (damage inflicted by fire)

defloration (an act that despoils the innocence or beauty of something)


HURT (adjective)


Sense 1hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle

Synonyms:

hurt; wounded

Context examples:

nursing his wounded arm / ambulances...for the hurt men and women

Similar:

injured (usually used of physical or mental injury to persons)


Sense 2hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Damaged inanimate objects or their value

Synonyms:

hurt; weakened

Similar:

damaged (harmed or injured or spoiled)


HURT (verb)


Sense 1hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Be the source of pain

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Synonyms:

hurt; smart; ache

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

cause to be perceived (have perceptible qualities)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "hurt"):

throb (pulsate or pound with abnormal force)

act up (make itself felt as a recurring pain)

thirst (feel the need to drink)

hunger (feel the need to eat)

itch (have or perceive an itch)

burn (feel hot or painful)

bite; burn; sting (cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort)

shoot (cause a sharp and sudden pain in)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody's (body part) ----s

Sentence example:

Did his feet hurt?


Sense 2hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Give trouble or pain to

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Context example:

This exercise will hurt your back

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

indispose (cause to feel unwell)

Cause:

ache; hurt; smart (be the source of pain)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "hurt"):

injure; wound (cause injuries or bodily harm to)

afflict; ail; pain; trouble (cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody
Something ----s something

Sentence example:

Did he hurt his foot?


Sense 3hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause emotional anguish or make miserable

Classified under:

Verbs of feeling

Synonyms:

anguish; pain; hurt

Context example:

It pains me to see my children not being taught well in school

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

discomfit; discompose; disconcert; untune; upset (cause to lose one's composure)

Cause:

suffer (endure (emotional pain))

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "hurt"):

excruciate; rack; torment; torture (torment emotionally or mentally)

try (give pain or trouble to)

agonise; agonize (cause to agonize)

break someone's heart (cause deep emotional pain and grief to somebody)

Sentence frame:

Something ----s somebody

Sentence example:

Sam cannot hurt Sue


Sense 4hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Cause damage or affect negatively

Classified under:

Verbs of size, temperature change, intensifying, etc.

Synonyms:

injure; hurt

Context example:

Our business was hurt by the new competition

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

damage (inflict damage upon)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s something
Something ----s something


Sense 5hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Hurt the feelings of

Classified under:

Verbs of feeling

Synonyms:

spite; injure; wound; bruise; offend; hurt

Context examples:

She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests / This remark really bruised me ego

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

arouse; elicit; enkindle; evoke; fire; kindle; provoke; raise (call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses))

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "hurt"):

affront; diss; insult (treat, mention, or speak to rudely)

lacerate (deeply hurt the feelings of; distress)

sting (cause an emotional pain, as if by stinging)

abase; chagrin; humble; humiliate; mortify (cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Something ----s somebody

Sentence examples:

Sam cannot hurt Sue
The performance is likely to hurt Sue


Sense 6hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Feel physical pain

Classified under:

Verbs of seeing, hearing, feeling

Synonyms:

ache; hurt; suffer

Context example:

Were you hurting after the accident?

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

comprehend; perceive (to become aware of through the senses)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "hurt"):

kill (be the source of great pain for)

prick; sting; twinge (cause a stinging pain)

twinge (feel a sudden sharp, local pain)

catch; get (suffer from the receipt of)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s

Sentence example:

Sam and Sue hurt


Sense 7hurt [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Feel pain or be in pain

Classified under:

Verbs of grooming, dressing and bodily care

Synonyms:

suffer; hurt

Hypernyms (to "hurt" is one way to...):

be (have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun))

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "hurt"):

famish; hunger; starve (be hungry; go without food)

ail (be unwell, ill, or ill disposed)

choke; gag; strangle; suffocate (struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake)

have (suffer from; be ill with)

Sentence frames:

Something ----s
Somebody ----s

Sentence example:

Sam and Sue hurt


 Learn English with... Proverbs of the week 
"Beggars can't be choosers." (English proverb)

"Someone else's pain is easy to carry" (Breton proverb)

"Silence is the sign of approval." (Arabic proverb)

"The morning rainbow reaches the fountains; the evening rainbow fills the sails." (Corsican proverb)

 HURT: related words searches 

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