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HINDUISM

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does Hinduism mean? 

HINDUISM (noun)
  The noun HINDUISM has 2 senses:

1. the predominant religion of India; characterized by a caste system and belief in reincarnation
2. a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils

  Familiarity information: HINDUISM used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


HINDUISM (noun)


Sense 1Hinduism [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The predominant religion of India; characterized by a caste system and belief in reincarnation

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

Hindooism; Hinduism

Hypernyms ("Hinduism" is a kind of...):

faith; organized religion; religion (an institution to express belief in a divine power)

Meronyms (members of "Hinduism"):

Shivaism; Sivaism (a Hindu sect worshiping Shiva)

Saktism; Shaktism (a Hindu sect worshiping Shakti)

Vaishnavism; Vaisnavism (Hindu sect worshiping of Vishnu)

Hare Krishna; International Society for Krishna Consciousness; ISKCON (a religious sect founded in the United States in 1966; based on Vedic scriptures; groups engage in joyful chanting of 'Hare Krishna' and other mantras based on the name of the Hindu god Krishna; devotees usually wear saffron robes and practice vegetarianism and celibacy)

Hindoo; Hindu (a person who adheres to Hinduism)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "Hinduism"):

Brahmanism; Brahminism (the religious and social system of orthodox Hinduism)


Sense 2Hinduism [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Synonyms:

Hindooism; Hinduism

Hypernyms ("Hinduism" is a kind of...):

faith; religion; religious belief (a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny)

Domain member category:

bhakti ((Hinduism) loving devotion to a deity leading to salvation and Nirvana; open to all persons independent of caste or sex)

samsara ((Hinduism and Buddhism) the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth)

caste ((Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity)

jati ((Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter))

varna ((Hinduism) the name for the original social division of Vedic people into four groups (which are subdivided into thousands of jatis))

Arjuna ((Hindu mythology) the warrior prince in the Bhagavad-Gita to whom Krishna explains the nature of being and of God and how humans can come to know God)

Hindu deity (a deity worshipped by the Hindus)

Bengali ((Hinduism) a member of a people living in Bangladesh and West Bengal (mainly Hindus))

guru (a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher)

mahatma ((Hinduism) term of respect for a Brahmin sage)

saddhu; sadhu ((Hinduism) an ascetic holy man)

enlightenment; Nirvana ((Hinduism and Buddhism) the beatitude that transcends the cycle of reincarnation; characterized by the extinction of desire and suffering and individual consciousness)

karma ((Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation)

moksa ((Hinduism) release from the cycle of rebirth)

cycle of rebirth ((Hinduism) repeated rebirth in new forms)

mandala (any of various geometric designs (usually circular) symbolizing the universe; used chiefly in Hinduism and Buddhism as an aid to meditation)

asana ((Hinduism) a posture or manner of sitting (as in the practice of yoga))

matsyendra ((Hinduism) a religious posture)

Bhagavad-Gita; Bhagavadgita; Gita ((Hinduism) the sacred 'song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic); contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life)

Mahabharata; Mahabharatam; Mahabharatum ((Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families)

Veda; Vedic literature ((from the Sanskrit word for 'knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads)

Ayurveda ((Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda)

mantra ((Sanskrit) literally a 'sacred utterance' in Vedism; one of a collection of orally transmitted poetic hymns)

Kamasutra ((Hinduism) an ancient Sanskrit text giving rules for sensuous and sensual pleasure and love and marriage in accordance with Hindu law)

ahimsa (a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence)

Sanskrit; Sanskritic language ((Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism); an official language of India although it is now used only for religious purposes)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "Hinduism"):

Darsana ((from the Sanskrit word for 'to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma)

Vedism (the form of Hinduism that revolves primarily around the mythic version and ritual ideologies in the Vedas)

yoga (Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion)

Vaishnavism; Vaisnavism; Vishnuism (worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon)

Saktism; Shaktism (worship of Shakti as the wife of Shiva)

Shivaism; Sivaism (worship of Shiva one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon)

Krishnaism (worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu)

Vedanta ((from the Sanskrit for 'end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas)

Mimamsa ((from the Sanskrit word for 'reflection' or 'interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads)


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