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GRAMMAR

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does grammar mean? 

GRAMMAR (noun)
  The noun GRAMMAR has 1 sense:

1. the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics or morphology)

  Familiarity information: GRAMMAR used as a noun is very rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


GRAMMAR (noun)


Sense 1grammar [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics or morphology)

Classified under:

Nouns denoting cognitive processes and contents

Hypernyms ("grammar" is a kind of...):

descriptive linguistics (a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments)

Domain category:

linguistics (the scientific study of language)

Domain member category:

aoristic (of or relating to the aorist tense)

intransitive (designating a verb that does not require or cannot take a direct object)

transitive (designating a verb that requires a direct object to complete the meaning)

asyndetic (lacking conjunctions)

syndetic (connected by a conjunction)

nonrestrictive (not limiting the reference of a modified word or phrase)

limiting (strictly limiting the reference of a modified word or phrase)

strong (of verbs not having standard (or regular) inflection)

weak ((used of verbs) having standard (or regular) inflection)

correlative (expressing a reciprocal or complementary relation)

unrestricted (not restricted or modified in meaning)

qualified; restricted (restricted in meaning; (as e.g. 'man' in 'a tall man'))

illative (expressing or preceding an inference)

nominal (pertaining to a noun or to a word group that functions as a noun)

nominative (serving as or indicating the subject of a verb and words identified with the subject of a copular verb)

accusative; objective (serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes)

attributively (in an attributive manner)

gerundial (relating to or like a gerund)

substantival (of or relating to or having the nature or function of a substantive (i.e. a noun or noun equivalent))

past (a verb tense or other construction referring to events or states that existed at some previous time)

participial (of or relating to or consisting of participles)

interrogative (relating to verbs in the so-called interrogative mood)

declarative; indicative (relating to the mood of verbs that is used simple declarative statements)

imperative (relating to verbs in the imperative mood)

subjunctive (relating to a mood of verbs)

optative (relating to a mood of verbs in some languages)

future (a verb tense or other formation referring to events or states that have not yet happened)

scopal (of or relating to scope)

genitive; possessive (serving to express or indicate possession)

infinite; non-finite (of verbs; having neither person nor number nor mood (as a participle or gerund or infinitive))

finite (of verbs; relating to forms of the verb that are limited in time by a tense and (usually) show agreement with number and person)

active (expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor:)

stative (expressing existence or a state rather than an action; used of verbs (e.g. 'be' or 'own') and most participial adjectives)

active; dynamic (expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. 'to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. 'running' in 'running water'))

agree (show grammatical agreement)

parse (analyze syntactically by assigning a constituent structure to (a sentence))

modify; qualify (add a modifier to a constituent)

article ((grammar) a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase)

clause ((grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence)

constituent; grammatical constituent ((grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction)

object ((grammar) a constituent that is acted upon)

subject ((grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated)

grammatical category; syntactic category ((grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties)

quantifier ((grammar) a word that expresses a quantity (as 'fifteen' or 'many'))

passive (expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb)

attributive; prenominal (of adjectives; placed before the nouns they modify)

exocentric (not fulfilling the same grammatical role of any of its constituents)

endocentric (fulfilling the grammatical role of one of its constituents)

normative; prescriptive (pertaining to giving directives or rules)

descriptive (describing the structure of a language)

dependent; subordinate ((of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence)

independent; main ((of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence)

contrastive (syntactically establishing a relation of contrast between sentences or elements of a sentence)

connecting; copulative (syntactically connecting sentences or elements of a sentence)

subordinating; subordinative (serving to connect a subordinate clause to a main clause)

coordinating; coordinative (serving to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction)

reflexive; self-referent (referring back to itself)

predicative (of adjectives; relating to or occurring within the predicate of a sentence)

attributive genitive (a word in the genitive case used as an attributive adjective)

head; head word ((grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "grammar"):

descriptive grammar (a grammar that is produced by descriptive linguistics)

prescriptive grammar (a grammar that is produced by prescriptive linguistics)

syntax (studies of the rules for forming admissible sentences)

morphology (studies of the rules for forming admissible words)


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