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FILE

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does file mean? 

FILE (noun)
  The noun FILE has 4 senses:

1. a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together
2. a line of persons or things ranged one behind the other
3. office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order
4. a steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

  Familiarity information: FILE used as a noun is uncommon.


FILE (verb)
  The verb FILE has 5 senses:

1. record in a public office or in a court of law
2. smooth with a file
3. proceed in line
4. file a formal charge against
5. place in a container for keeping records

  Familiarity information: FILE used as a verb is common.


 Dictionary entry details 


FILE (noun)


Sense 1file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together

Classified under:

Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents

Synonyms:

file; data file

Hypernyms ("file" is a kind of...):

record (anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "file"):

computer file ((computer science) a file maintained in computer-readable form)

mug book; mug file (a file of mug shots (pictures of criminals that are kept on file by the police))

tickler; tickler file (a file of memoranda or notices that remind of things to be done)


Sense 2file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A line of persons or things ranged one behind the other

Classified under:

Nouns denoting groupings of people or objects

Synonyms:

Indian file; single file; file

Hypernyms ("file" is a kind of...):

line (a formation of people or things one behind another)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "file"):

snake dance (a group advancing in a single-file serpentine path)

column (a line of (usually military) units following one after another)


Sense 3file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Office furniture consisting of a container for keeping papers in order

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

file cabinet; filing cabinet; file

Hypernyms ("file" is a kind of...):

office furniture (furniture intended for use in an office)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "file"):

vertical file (a file in which records are stored upright on one edge)

card catalog; card catalogue; card index (an alphabetical listing of items (e.g., books in a library) with a separate card for each item)


Sense 4file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

A steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Hypernyms ("file" is a kind of...):

hand tool (a tool used with workers' hands)

Meronyms (parts of "file"):

haft; helve (the handle of a weapon or tool)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "file"):

blunt file (a file with parallel edges)

flat file (a file with two flat surfaces)

nailfile (a small flat file for shaping the nails)

rasp; wood file (a coarse file with sharp pointed projections)

rat-tail file (a thin round file shaped like the tail of a rat)

round file (a file with a circular cross section; used to file the inside of holes)

taper file (a file with converging edges)


FILE (verb)


Sense 1file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Record in a public office or in a court of law

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

file; register

Context examples:

file for divorce / file a complaint

Hypernyms (to "file" is one way to...):

register (record in writing; enter into a book of names or events or transactions)

Domain category:

jurisprudence; law (the collection of rules imposed by authority)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 2file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Smooth with a file

Classified under:

Verbs of touching, hitting, tying, digging

Context example:

file one's fingernails

Hypernyms (to "file" is one way to...):

smooth; smoothen (make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing)

"File" entails doing...:

rub (move over something with pressure)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something


Sense 3file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Proceed in line

Classified under:

Verbs of walking, flying, swimming

Context example:

The students filed into the classroom

Hypernyms (to "file" is one way to...):

march; process (march in a procession)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s PP

Also:

file in (enter by marching in a file)

file out (march out, in a file)


Sense 4file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

File a formal charge against

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

lodge; file; charge

Context example:

The suspect was charged with murdering his wife

Hypernyms (to "file" is one way to...):

accuse; criminate; impeach; incriminate (bring an accusation against; level a charge against)

Troponyms (each of the following is one way to "file"):

impeach (charge (a public official) with an offense or misdemeanor committed while in office)

Sentence frames:

Somebody ----s somebody
Somebody ----s somebody with something
Somebody ----s that CLAUSE


Sense 5file [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Place in a container for keeping records

Classified under:

Verbs of telling, asking, ordering, singing

Synonyms:

file away; file

Context example:

File these bills, please

Hypernyms (to "file" is one way to...):

enter; put down; record (make a record of; set down in permanent form)

Sentence frame:

Somebody ----s something

Sentence example:

They file the newspapers


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