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FABRIC

Pronunciation (US): 

 Dictionary entry overview: What does fabric mean? 

FABRIC (noun)
  The noun FABRIC has 2 senses:

1. artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
2. the underlying structure

  Familiarity information: FABRIC used as a noun is rare.


 Dictionary entry details 


FABRIC (noun)


Sense 1fabric [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

Artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers

Classified under:

Nouns denoting man-made objects

Synonyms:

cloth; fabric; textile; material

Context examples:

the fabric in the curtains was light and semitransparent / woven cloth originated in Mesopotamia around 5000 BC / she measured off enough material for a dress

Hypernyms ("fabric" is a kind of...):

artefact; artifact (a man-made object taken as a whole)

Meronyms (parts of "fabric"):

edging (border consisting of anything placed on the edge to finish something (such as a fringe on clothing or on a rug))

hem (lap that forms a cloth border doubled back and stitched down)

Meronyms (substance of "fabric"):

warp (yarn arranged lengthways on a loom and crossed by the woof)

filling; pick; weft; woof (the yarn woven across the warp yarn in weaving)

Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "fabric"):

serge (a twilled woolen fabric)

rayon (a synthetic silklike fabric)

quilting (a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric)

print (a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers))

poplin (a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery)

pongee (a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation))

polyester; polyester fabric (any of a large class of synthetic fabrics)

plush (a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet)

pique (tightly woven fabric with raised cords)

rep; repp (a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs)

sackcloth (a coarse cloth resembling sacking)

bagging; sacking (coarse fabric used for bags or sacks)

seersucker (a light puckered fabric (usually striped))

scrim (a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater)

screening (fabric of metal or plastic mesh)

satinet; satinette (a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber)

satin (a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back)

sateen (a cotton fabric with a satiny finish)

samite (a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages)

sailcloth (a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents)

pinstripe (a fabric with very thin stripes)

pilot cloth (a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc)

piece of cloth; piece of material (a separate part consisting of fabric)

nankeen (a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color)

muslin (plain-woven cotton fabric)

mousseline de sole (a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon)

motley (a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England)

moreen (a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains)

moquette (a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery)

monk's cloth (a heavy cloth in basket weave)

moleskin (a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap)

mesh; meshing; meshwork; net; network (an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals)

ninon (a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon)

nylon (a synthetic fabric)

durable press; durable-press fabric; permanent press; permanent-press fabric (a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape)

percale (a fine closely woven cotton fabric)

pepper-and-salt (a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark)

panting; trousering (any fabric used to make trousers)

paisley (a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes)

organza (a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy)

olive drab (a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms)

oilcloth (cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin)

moire; watered-silk (silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern)

pina cloth (a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers)

Viyella (a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool)

vicuna (a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna)

velveteen (a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet)

velvet (a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back)

velour; velours (heavy fabric that resembles velvet)

Velcro (nylon fabric used as a fastening)

upholstery material (the fabric used in upholstering)

twill (a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs)

voile (a light semitransparent fabric)

wash-and-wear; wash-and-wear fabric (a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing)

waterproof (any fabric impervious to water)

yoke (fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment)

worsted; worsted fabric (a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns)

wool; woolen; woollen (a fabric made from the hair of sheep)

wire cloth (fabric woven of metallic wire)

wincey (a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas)

whipcord (a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib)

webbing (a strong fabric woven in strips)

web (a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven))

tweed (thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland)

toweling; towelling (any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels)

ticking (a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers)

spandex (an elastic synthetic fabric)

silk (a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae)

silesia (a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings)

shirttail (fabric forming the tail of a shirt)

shirting (any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts)

sheeting (fabric from which bed sheets are made)

sharkskin (a smooth crisp fabric)

shantung (a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation))

sponge cloth (any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave))

stammel (a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red)

suede; suede cloth (a fabric made to resemble suede leather)

terry; terry cloth; terrycloth (a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes)

plaid; tartan (a cloth having a crisscross design)

tapestry; tapis (a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery)

tapa; tappa (a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark)

tammy (plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains)

taffeta (a crisp smooth lustrous fabric)

swan's down (soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes)

suiting (a fabric used for suits)

shag (a fabric with long coarse nap)

mohair (fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat)

diaper (a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures)

chintz (a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric)

chino; chino cloth (a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms)

chiffon (a sheer fabric of silk or rayon)

chenille (a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads)

chambray (a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp)

challis (a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed))

cerecloth (a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud)

cashmere (a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat)

coating (a heavy fabric suitable for coats)

cobweb (a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider)

cord; corduroy (a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton)

diamonte (fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones)

denim; denim fabric; dungaree; jean (a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric)

damask; damask fabric (a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it)

crinoline; crinoline fabric (a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing)

cretonne (an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies)

crape; crepe (a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface)

Canton flannel; cotton flannel (a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side)

cotton; cotton cloth (fabric woven from cotton fibers)

canvas; canvas fabric; canvass; canvass fabric (a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents))

canopy (the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air)

camo; camouflage (fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background)

belting (the material of which belts are made)

batiste (a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses)

batik (a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted)

basket weave (a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket)

baize (a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables)

alpaca (a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool)

Aertex (a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear)

acrylic (a synthetic fabric)

bombazine (a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted)

boucle (a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect)

broadcloth (a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib)

camlet; camlet fabric (a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair)

camel's hair; camelhair (a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel)

cambric (a finely woven white linen)

calico (coarse cloth with a bright print)

bunting (a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.)

buckram (a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing)

brocade (thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern)

broadcloth (a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish)

aba; aba cloth (a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair)

metallic (a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal)

knit; knitted fabric (a fabric made by knitting)

khaki; khaki fabric (a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms)

khaddar; khadi (a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India)

jacquard (a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom)

jaconet (a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages)

horsehair; horsehair fabric (fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery)

hopsack; hopsacking (a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing)

homespun; homespun fabric (a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home)

lace (a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns)

lame (a fabric interwoven with threads of metal)

imitation leather; leatherette (fabric made to look like leather)

marseille (strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads)

madras (a light patterned cotton cloth)

macintosh; mackintosh (a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric)

mackinaw (a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design)

lisle (a fabric woven with lisle thread)

lint (cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds)

linsey-woolsey (a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof)

linen (a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant)

herringbone (a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern)

hair; haircloth (cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments)

grosgrain (a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs)

felt (a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers)

faille (a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton)

etamin; etamine (a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.)

elastic (a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material)

duffel; duffle (a coarse heavy woolen fabric)

duck (a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents)

drapery (cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds)

doeskin (a fine smooth soft woolen fabric)

fiber; fibre; vulcanized fiber (a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth)

flannel; flannel fabric (a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing)

flannelette (a cotton fabric imitating flannel)

grogram (a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum)

gingham (a clothing fabric in a plaid weave)

georgette (a thin silk dress material)

gabardine (a firm durable fabric with a twill weave)

fustian (a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap)

frieze (a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap)

foulard (a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design))

fleece (a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing)

dimity (a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains)


Sense 2fabric [BACK TO TOP]

Meaning:

The underlying structure

Classified under:

Nouns denoting attributes of people and objects

Synonyms:

fabric; framework

Context examples:

restoring the framework of the bombed building / it is part of the fabric of society

Hypernyms ("fabric" is a kind of...):

structure (the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts)


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